Adhishtha, Adhiṣṭhā: 4 definitions

Introduction

Adhishtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Adhiṣṭhā can be transliterated into English as Adhistha or Adhishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhiṣṭhā (अधिष्ठा).—1 P. (used with acc. P.I.4.46.)

1) (a) To stand on or upon, to sit in or upon, occupy (as a seat &c.), resort to; अर्धासनं गोत्रभिदोऽधितष्ठौ (ardhāsanaṃ gotrabhido'dhitaṣṭhau) R.6.73; शाखिनः केचिदध्यष्ठुः (śākhinaḥ kecidadhyaṣṭhuḥ) Bk.15.31; प्रतनुबलान्यधितिष्ठतस्तपांसि (pratanubalānyadhitiṣṭhatastapāṃsi) Ki.1.16 practising; मामधिष्ठाय (māmadhiṣṭhāya) Rām. depending on me. (b) To stand, be; अध्यतिष्ठदङ्गुष्ठेन शतं समाः (adhyatiṣṭhadaṅguṣṭhena śataṃ samāḥ) Mb. (c) To stand over, mount. (d) To stand by, be near; आश्रमबहिर्वृक्षमू- लमधितिष्ठति (āśramabahirvṛkṣamū- lamadhitiṣṭhati) U.4.

2) To be in, dwell in, inhabit, reside, stay; भुजङ्गपिहितद्वारं पातालमधितिष्ठति (bhujaṅgapihitadvāraṃ pātālamadhitiṣṭhati) R.1.8; माधिष्ठा निर्जनं वनम् (mādhiṣṭhā nirjanaṃ vanam) Bk.8.79; श्रीजयदेवभणितमधितिष्ठतु कण्ठतटीमविरतम् (śrījayadevabhaṇitamadhitiṣṭhatu kaṇṭhataṭīmaviratam) Git.11.

3) To make oneself master of, seize, take possession of, overpower, conquer; संग्रामे तानधिष्ठास्यन् (saṃgrāme tānadhiṣṭhāsyan) Bk.9.72; त्वमधिष्ठास्यसि द्विषः (tvamadhiṣṭhāsyasi dviṣaḥ) 16.4; स सदा फलशालिनीं क्रियां शरदं लोक इवाधितिष्ठति (sa sadā phalaśālinīṃ kriyāṃ śaradaṃ loka ivādhitiṣṭhati) Ki.2.31 obtains; अधितिष्ठति लोकमोजसा स विवस्वानिव मेदिनी- पतिः (adhitiṣṭhati lokamojasā sa vivasvāniva medinī- patiḥ) 2.38; यक्षः कुतश्चिदधिष्ठाय बालचन्द्रिकां निवसति (yakṣaḥ kutaścidadhiṣṭhāya bālacandrikāṃ nivasati) Dk.18.

4) (a) To lead, conduct as head or chief; महाराज- दशरथस्य दारानधिष्ठाय वसिष्ठः प्राप्तः (mahārāja- daśarathasya dārānadhiṣṭhāya vasiṣṭhaḥ prāptaḥ) U.4, See अधिष्ठित (adhiṣṭhita) also. (b) To be at the head of, govern, direct, preside over, rule, superintend; प्रकृतिं स्वामधिष्ठाय (prakṛtiṃ svāmadhiṣṭhāya) Bg.4.6 governing, controlling; श्रोत्रं चक्षुः स्पर्शनं च रसनं घ्राणमेव च । अधिष्ठाय मनश्चायं विषयानुपसेवते (śrotraṃ cakṣuḥ sparśanaṃ ca rasanaṃ ghrāṇameva ca | adhiṣṭhāya manaścāyaṃ viṣayānupasevate) 15.9 presiding over and thus turning to use.

5) To use, employ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adhiṣṭha (अधिष्ठ).—f. °ṣṭhā, resident, permanently abiding: devate adhiṣṭhā bhava, ihaiva tiṣṭheti Divyāvadāna 578.8. [In Lalitavistara 442.21 (prose) Lefm. adhiṣṭhamāno, which is impossible; v.l. atiṣṭhamāno, not stopping, which is certainly right.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhisthā (अधिस्था).—stand upon, mount, ascend; stay, abide, be fixed or situated in ([locative] or [accusative]); be founded or based upon ([locative]); use, employ, show, betray; also = [preceding] samadhi direct, guide, rule, manage, carry on.

Adhisthā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhi and sthā (स्था).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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