Adhina, Adhīna: 19 definitions


Adhina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Adhīna (अधीन) refers to “subservient” (e.g, the entire universe is subservient to Śiva’s illusion), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.2.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] O excellent sage, once the three sisters (i.e., Menā, Dhanyā, Kalāvatī) went to Śvetadvīpa (white island) in the world of Viṣṇu for sightseeing purpose. [...] Helpless by misfortune and deluded by lord Śiva’s illusion O sage, the three sisters did not stand up. Śiva’s illusion is weighty and capable of deluding the worlds. The entire universe is subservient to it (i.e., adhīnatadadhīnaṃ jagatsarvaṃ). It is also called Śiva’s Will. The same is also called an action that has begun to fructify. Its names are many. Everything takes place on Śiva’s wish. There is nothing to be pondered over in this respect”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Adhīna (अधीन) refers to “resting (in the self)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The one who is doing good actions, whose conduct is pure, is engaged in external asceticism to such an extent and then there is the highest meditation which is abstaining from anything perceptible by the senses [and] resting in the self (ātman-adhīna). He destroys the mass of karmas accumulated for a very long time which is sticking within then he is immersed in the ocean of knowledge which is the abode of the highest bliss. [Thus ends the reflection on] wearing away karma”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Adhina (अधिन) refers to the “chapter” (of a particular work).—Cf. the Dasagīta, which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—[...] Either at the beginning or at the end of each chapter, the author gives a gujarati form of the original title of the Daśavaikālika chapters (adhaena, adhina, addhina, ādhyana, adhyana, all for adhyayana).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhīna : (adj.) dependent; belonging to.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhīna, (adj.) (-°) (cp. Sk. adhīna) subject, dependent D.I, 72 (atta° & para°); J.IV, 112; DA.I, 217; also written ādhīna J.V, 350. See also under para. (Page 30)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhīna (अधीन).—a (S) Subject to; dependent upon. Mostly in comp.; as svādhīna, parādhīna, ētadadhīna, tadadhīna, krōdhādhīna, lōbhādhīna, daivādhīna, pāpādhīna, rōgādhīna.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhīna (अधीन).—a Subject to, dependent upon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhīna (अधीन).—a. [adhi-kha P.V.4.7; adhigataḥ inaṃ prabhuṃ vā] Subject to, subservient, dependent on; usually in comp.; स्थाने प्राणाः कामिनां दूत्यधीनाः (sthāne prāṇāḥ kāmināṃ dūtyadhīnāḥ) M.3.14; त्वदधीनं खलु दोहिनां सुखम् (tvadadhīnaṃ khalu dohināṃ sukham) Kumārasambhava 4.1; इक्ष्वाकूणां दुरापेऽर्थे त्वदधीना हि सिद्धयः (ikṣvākūṇāṃ durāpe'rthe tvadadhīnā hi siddhayaḥ) R.1.72; केन निमित्तेन भवदधीनो जातः (kena nimittena bhavadadhīno jātaḥ) Daśakumāracarita 7 consigned to your care.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhīna (अधीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Docile. 2. Dependant. E. adhi, and īna a master.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhīna (अधीन).—i. e. adhas + īna, adj. Subject, dependent, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1. 72. It is generally the latter part of compound words: e. g. adhi-, adj. Wholly dependent, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 66. tvad-, adj. Subject to thee, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 72, 52. para-, adj. Depending on another, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 37, 6. sva-, adj. 1. Independent. 2. Lependent on ourselves, belonging to us, faithful, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 196.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhīna (अधीन).—(mostly —°) subject, dependent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhīna (अधीन):—mfn. ([from] adhi) ifc. resting on or in, situated

2) depending on, subject to, subservient to.

3) Ādhīna (आधीन):—= adhīna q.v., [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhīna (अधीन):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-naḥ-nā-nam) 1) Dependant.

2) Docile. E. adhi and ina ‘having a master over one’s self’. This word and the etymology as mentioned, are given by the native lexicographers; but according to the best grammatical authorities adhīna would not exist as a real word. Words as rājādhīna, brāhmaṇādhīna and the like, are explained by them as coming from rājādhi (rājan and adhi), brāhmaṇādhi (brāhmaṇa and adhi) with taddh. aff. kha, or by others as derived from rājan, brāhmaṇa with taddh. aff. sadhīnan; it would seem therefore that the use of adhīna as an independant word is grammatically not correct. But see adhyadhīna and anadhīnaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhīna (अधीन):—[adhī+na] (naḥ-nā-naṃ) a. Docile, dependent, subject in servitude.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adhīna (अधीन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ahīṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Adhīna (अधीन) [Also spelled adhin]:—(a) dependent; subordinate, subject to the authority of; under; ~[stha] subordinate, subservient; under.

2) Ādhīna (आधीन):—(a) see [adhīna].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adhīna (ಅಧೀನ):—[adjective] subordinate a) under the power or authority of another; b) inferior to or placed below another in rank, power, importance, etc.; secondary; c) subservient or submissive.

--- OR ---

Adhīna (ಅಧೀನ):—

1) [noun] dependence; subordination; subjection.

2) [noun] a man who is subordinate to (another).

--- OR ---

Ādhīna (ಆಧೀನ):—[noun] the state of being under (one’s) control.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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