Adhimasa, Adhimāsa: 13 definitions
Adhimasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Adhimas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Adhimāsa (अधिमास) refers to “intercalary lunations”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must have a clear knowledge of the causes of Solar, Savana, Siderial and Lunar months as well as of intercalary lunations [i.e., adhimāsa] and intercalary days. He must have a knowledge of the beginning and end of Śaṣṭyābda (a cycle of 60 years) [Ṣaṣṭyabda?], a Yuga (5 years), Varṣa (a year), Māsa (a month), Thina (a day) and Horā (an hour) and of their lords”.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Adhimāsa (अधिमास).—(or adhimāsaka) Intercalary month; the intercalary months denote the excess the lunar (synodic) months over the solar months and thus the intercalary months in a yuga are the lunar months minus the solar months in the yuga. Note: Adhimāsa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
adhimāsa (अधिमास).—m S See the popular word adhikamāsa.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Adhimāsa (अधिमास).—[adhiko ravimāsāt atiriktaḥ śuklapratipadādidarśāntaścāndro māsaḥ] An intercalary (lunar) month.
Derivable forms: adhimāsaḥ (अधिमासः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-saḥ) An intercalary month, formed of the aggregate days omitted in reckoning the lunar year. E. adhi, and māsa a month.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Adhimāsa (अधिमास):—[=adhi-māsa] m. an additional or intercalary month.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Adhimāsa (अधिमास):—[tatpurusha compound] m.
(-saḥ) An intercalary month, formed of the aggregate days omitted in reckoning the lunar year, in comparison with the solar. See also adhikamāsa. E. adhi and māsa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Adhimāsa (अधिमास):—[adhi-māsa] (saḥ) 1. m. An intercalary month.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Adhimāsa (अधिमास) [Also spelled adhimas]:—(nm) a leap month.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Adhimāsa (ಅಧಿಮಾಸ):—[noun] an extra month added to the lunar year approximately once in 3 years to synchronise it with the solar year; an intercalated month.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 5 books and stories containing Adhimasa, Adhimāsa, Adhi-masa, Adhi-māsa; (plurals include: Adhimasas, Adhimāsas, masas, māsas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Significance of the Moon in Ancient Civilizations (by Radhakrishnan. P)
5. Chandramasa and Seasons < [Chapter 5 - Adoration of the Sun and Moon]
1. Assumptions of Vedakala < [Chapter 5 - Adoration of the Sun and Moon]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 60 - The Importance of the Intercalary Month < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 61 - The Greatness of the Intercalary Month < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 206 - Procedure for Performing Śrāddha < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 20 - Measurement of Space and Time < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)