Adhikya, Ādhikya: 17 definitions


Adhikya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adhiky.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ādhikya (आधिक्य) refers to “excessive”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ādhikya (आधिक्य).—Superfluity, superiority, notion of surplus; cf यदत्राधिक्यं वाक्यार्थः सः (yadatrādhikyaṃ vākyārthaḥ saḥ) M. Bh. on II.3.46, II.3. 50.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ādhikya (आधिक्य) refers to “great” (i.e., excessive), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, after Goddess Śivā (i.e., Umā/Durgā) granted a boon to Menā:—“[...] O sage, when their mutual sexual intercourse took place, Menā conceived and the child in the womb gradually grew up. She gave birth to a beautiful son Maināka [...] In the city of Himācala there was a wonderful celebration of the event. The couple were highly delighted [i.e., pramuda-ādhikya]. Their pain was at an end. He gave monetary gifts and charitable offerings to brahmins. Their devotion to Śivā and Śiva became increased. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ādhikya (आधिक्य) refers to the “superiority” (of the doctrine), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the superiority (ādhikyam) of the doctrine (dharmasya)]—The wishing gem, divine treasure, cow of heaven, [and] wishing trees along with Lakṣmī—I think these are servants existing from ancient times of the doctrine. The doctrine bestows upon embodied souls prosperity which is desired by Indra and the lords of men and snakes, and is to be revered in the three worlds”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ādhikya (आधिक्य).—n S Excess, moreness, greaterness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ādhikya (आधिक्य).—n Excess.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ādhikya (आधिक्य).—[adhikasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Excess, abundance, preponderance, high degree; ऋद्धेराधिक्यं समृद्धिः (ṛddherādhikyaṃ samṛddhiḥ) Sk.

2) Superiority, supremacy; आधिक्यं साधितम् (ādhikyaṃ sādhitam) H.3.

Derivable forms: ādhikyam (आधिक्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādhikya (आधिक्य).—n.

(-kyaṃ) Excess. E. adhika more, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādhikya (आधिक्य).—i. e. adhika + ya, n. 1. Excess, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 206, 19. 2. Preeminence, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 90, 24. 3. Superiority, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 169.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādhikya (आधिक्य).—[neuter] excess, abundance, high degree, superiority.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ādhikya (आधिक्य):—n. ([from] adhika), excess, abundance, superabundance, high degree

2) overweight, preponderance

3) superiority, [Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Suśruta] [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādhikya (आधिक्य):—(kyaṃ) n. Excess.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ādhikya (आधिक्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āhikka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhikya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhikya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ādhikya (आधिक्य) [Also spelled adhiky]:—; (nm) abundance, plenty; excess.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ādhikya (ಆಧಿಕ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the state of being, available in, the condition of having (something) in, abundance; excess; plentifulness; preponderance.

2) [noun] the state or quality of being superior or higher, greater, better, etc.; superiority; supremacy.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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