Adhigama: 14 definitions



Adhigama means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Adhigama (अधिगम, “knowledge”).—What is right faith (samyagdarśana) acquired by knowledge (adhigama)? The right faith that develops due to the teachings by a holy teacher or of holy texts. What is the difference between nisarga and adhigama? Nisarga is self-originated, while the origin of adhigama is dependent on some direct cause (nimitta).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhigama in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhigama : (m.) attainment; knowledge.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhigama, (fr. adhigacchati) attainment, acquisition; also fig. knowledge, information, study (the latter mainly in Miln) D.III, 255; S.II, 139; A.II, 148; IV, 22, 332; V, 194; J.I, 406; Nett 91; Miln.133, 215, 358, 362, 388; PvA.207. (Page 28)

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhigama (अधिगम).—m Apprehension or understanding of; an apprehending or attaining: also attainedness (as of a matter of knowledge). 2 In law. Found treasure.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhigama (अधिगम).—m Apprehension. Found treasure.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhigama (अधिगम).—

1) Acquisition, obtaining, getting, finding &c.; (icchāmi) श्रोतुं च सीताधिगमे प्रयत्नम् (śrotuṃ ca sītādhigame prayatnam) Rām.5. 64.32; दुरधिगमः परभागः (duradhigamaḥ parabhāgaḥ) Pt.5.34; वंशस्थितेरधिगमात् (vaṃśasthiteradhigamāt) V. 5.15; दाराधिगमनम् (dārādhigamanam) Ms.1.112 marriage.

2) Mastery, knowledge; असच्छास्त्राधिगमनम् (asacchāstrādhigamanam) Ms.11.65.

3) Mercantile return, profit; acquiring property; निध्यादेः प्राप्तिः (nidhyādeḥ prāptiḥ) Mit. or धनप्राप्तिः (dhanaprāptiḥ); स्थापयन्ति तु यां वृद्धिं स तत्राधिगमं प्रति (sthāpayanti tu yāṃ vṛddhiṃ sa tatrādhigamaṃ prati) Ms.8.157.

4) Acceptance.

5) Intercourse.

6) Seeing, looking; अपनेष्यामि संतापं तवाधिगमशासनात् (apaneṣyāmi saṃtāpaṃ tavādhigamaśāsanāt) Rām.5.35.77.

Derivable forms: adhigamaḥ (अधिगमः).

See also (synonyms): adhigamana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adhigama (अधिगम).—m., also (even after consonants) dhigama (q.v.), spiritual realization; attainment of religious goal; used in senses very close to this in Sanskrit ([Boehtlingk and Roth] and [Boehtlingk]), as well as in Pali; seems nearly equivalent to abhisamaya, q.v.: (bhagavantaṃ…) adhigamabuddhir yadyogināṃ yogābhisamayakāle samādhisukhe (so with Tibetan for °mukhe, note in ed., and Suzuki) samāptānām adhigamo bhavati, tasya cādhigamād yogināṃ yogaśabdo nipātyate adhigamaneneti Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 11.17—12.3, of whose (viz. Buddha's) yogins the will to spiritual-realization becomes spiritual- realization when they have attained perfection (samāpta) in the bliss of trance at the time of spiritual-realization (at- tainment, abhisamaya) of yoga; and thru realization (attainment) of him (tasya = bhagavataḥ) on the part of (his) yogins the word yoga is (rightly) applied, by reason of (this) realization (attainment, that comes thru it); yasyāṃ ca rātryāṃ dhigamo, Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 144.10 = 324.5, referring to the night of Buddha's attainment of enlight- enment, compare 142.17; Bodhisattvabhūmi 81.24; Mahāvyutpatti 134; punar bodhisat- tvaḥ adhigamajñāne sāradarśī bhavati, na śruta-cintā- dharmārtha-vijñāna-mātrake Bodhisattvabhūmi 257.16, referring to Mahāvyutpatti 1548 jñāna-pratisaraṇena bhavitavyam, na vijñāna- pratisaraṇena.

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Adhigama (अधिगम) or Adhigamana.—spiritual realization; so Pali (both forms): ye me bhaṇanti varṇaṃ samādhito ca śīlato ca prajñāto ca adhigamanato ca…Mahāvastu i.270.4; for Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 12.3 see s.v. adhigama.

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Adhigama (अधिगम) or Dhigama.—q.v., Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 144.10 = 324.5; see § 4.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhigama (अधिगम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Obtaining, attaining acquiring 2. Going through or over, lit or fig. 3. Overpassing, overflowing: also

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhigama (अधिगम).—[adhi-gam + a], m. 1. Coming to, attaining, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 50. 2. Accession to, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 45. 3. Gaining, profit, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 157. 4. Reading, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 2. 5. Perception, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhigama (अधिगम).—[masculine] gamana [neuter] obtaining, acquiring, going through or over, reading, studying.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhigama (अधिगम):—[=adhi-gama] [from adhi-gam] m. the act of attaining, acquisition

2) [v.s. ...] acquirement, mastery, study, knowledge

3) [v.s. ...] mercantile return, profit, etc.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Adhigama (अधिगम):—m.

1) Auffindung , Erlangung , Antreffung , Habhaftwerdung [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra 10,89.] —

2) Gewinn.

3) Erfahrung , Erleidung.

4) Gewinnung einer Ueberzeugung , Erkenntniss [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra 11,23.] —

5) Studium , das Lernen , Lesen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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