Adbhuta, Adbhutā: 33 definitions


Adbhuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adbhut.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to the “marvellous” sentiment (rasa). It is one of the eight rasas mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.15. The color associated with the adbhuta is yellow (pīta), and the presiding deity of of the marvellous (adbhuta) sentiment is Brahmā.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “The Marvellous (adbhuta) Sentiment has as its basis the Durable Psychological State of astonishment. It is created by Determinants, such as sight of heavenly beings or events, attainment of desired objects, entry into a superior mansion, temple, audience hall (sabhā), and seven-storied palace and [seeing] illusory and magical acts.”.

2) Adbhutā (अद्भुता, “of wonder”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses the ‘marvellous sentiment’ (adbhutārasa). There are a total thirty-six glances defined. The Glance in which eyelashes are slightly curved at the end, eyeballs are raised in wonder, and the eyes are charmingly windened till the end, is called the Adbhutā (of wonder).

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

A type of glance (or facial expression): Adbhuta: the ends of the eyelids slightly curved, the eyebrows raised in wonder, the eyes shining. Usage: the marvellous.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or the “sentiment (rasa) of wonder”.—The sentiment, which grows out of wonder or surprise, while reading or witnessing a supernatural phenomenon, thereby bewildering the mind of the reader or the spectator is termed as the adbhuta. Viśvanātha is of the opinion that vismaya (marvel or wonder) is the sthāyibhāva, which attains the status of adbhutarasa. A Gandharva is its presiding deity. It is alleged by the mythologists to be of gold-coloured. The supernatural elements are its ālambanvibhāvas and the attributes of those elements are uddīpanvibhāvas, in the context of this sentiment. Exclamation, tears, throbbing and horripilation of the body stand as the anubhāvas, in respect to this rasa, while delight, emotion, fortitude etc. appear as the vyabhicāribhāvas.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

1) Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to the “wonderful sentiment” and represents one of the nine kinds of Rasa (“soul of Drama”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, Adbhuta is the sentiment that arises from wonder. Vismaya is the sthāyibhāva of adbhuta-rasa. Pīta i.e., yellow is the colour and Brahma is the god of this sentiment. The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa states that adbhuta-rasa arises from vīrarasa. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, this sentiment is projected through some determinates like the sight of heavenly beings, achievement of unexpected things or fulfillment of desires. Moreover, some resultants are used to adopt for conveying this sentiment to the audience. These are-expanded eyes, bristling of hair, horripilation, perspiration and movement of fingers.

2) Adbhutā (अद्भुता) refers to one of the Thirty six kinds of Glances (dṛṣṭi) or “proper accomplishment of glances” (in Indian Dramas).—Dṛṣṭi is very important in a dance form. The appropriate movements of eyes, eyeballs and eyebrows of an artist make the performance more charming. There are thirty six kinds of glances (dṛṣṭi) accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, for example adbhutā, belonging to the rasadṛṣṭi division.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to “mysterious” or “enigmatic/complex”, referring to the form (ākṛti), sports (līlā) and māyā of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] then all the Devas and the sages, extremely terrified, began to eulogise Him who was blazing there:—‘[...] Mysterious is your form (adbhut-ākṛti), O lord, and mysterious are your divine sports. Your Māyā is enigmatic and complex (māyā-adbhuta). Everything and everyone except your devotee is deluded by it, O Lord’”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—The name of Indra of the 9th manvantara of the Rohita epoch.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 19-20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 61; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 22.

1b) The son of Savanāgni (Sahasa, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) and father of Vividha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 38; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 41.

1c) See utpātas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 228. 2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or Adbhutāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Dīptāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Adbhuta Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Dīpta-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to “extraordinary (intercourse)”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[The Goddess spoke]:—Tell me, O Maheśvara, how should the Yogin sexually approach the one who is called Māyā, who has neither form/beauty nor a clan/noble family/body? [Bhairava spoke]:—Listen to me, O Goddess, I shall teach you the extraordinary intercourse (adbhutasaṃgam adbhutam) with Māyā. It is fruitful, O Maheśānī, and difficult to learn by others and Yogins without yogic Powers, O Suranāyakī”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to “n. of a method of calculating the height of the prāsāda § 4.5.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to “wonders”, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly:—“She who is the light of fire burnt with the power of the great light and displayed a wonder (adbhuta) by the radiant energy (tejas) of her own power. Then, having seen (this) the goddess said: ‘whose is this auspicious creation? Who is (the god) who has previously made (his) residence here? Who is (the goddess) here who can bear my energy (tejas)?’”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or “sentiment of wonder” refers to one of the Nine Sentiments (citrarasa) in ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa nine kinds of sentiments [e.g., adbhuta—wonder] are reflected through Paintings and these are termed as citrarasas in this work. [...] In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa it is said that the adbhuta-rasa is manifested through the picture of submissive face of Tārkṣya which is an epithet of Garuḍa and it generates horripilation.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Adbhuta in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to “wonderously”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] Then, by means of an absorption for a period of thirteen days, the best of Yogins attains most wonderously (mahā-adbhuta) the Siddhi of moving in the ether at will. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Adbhuta in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or Adbhutarasa refers to a “feeling of wonder”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] When a Vaharī is thrown at a Stork or a Heron from a great distance, it produces a feeling of wonder (adbhuta) [hi janayatyadbhutaṃ rasam]. What can be more wonderful (adbhuta) than the fall of the quarry from the sky like a mountain with clipped wings and frightened by the sound of swift motion?”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Adbhutā (अद्भुता) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Adbhutā).

2) Adbhuta (अद्भुत) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or Āścaryādbhuta refers to “amazing phenomena”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “By the light of the lion’s throne on which the Lord was seated, the great three-thousand thousands of worlds were illumined with a grand luster. The great three-thousand of worlds, the sun, the moon, the stars, Indras, Brahmas, and the protectors of the world, all of them were eclipsed (dhyāmīkṛta). When that whole assembly of Bodhisattvas saw these miracles, wonders, and amazing phenomena (āścarya-adbhuta), they said to one another: ‘It would not be easy for us to see such an exceptional grandeur as the splendor of these pavilions even if our lifetime would fill an aeon. Thus the virtues (guṇavyūha) of these pavilions are immeasurable’.”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Adbhuta (अद्भुत, “wonder”) refers to the “nine sentiments” (navarasa) in poetics and dramaturgy and represents one of the topics dealt with in the Anuyogadvārasūtra : a technical treatise on analytical methods, a kind of guide to applying knowledge.—In Muni Puṇyavijaya’s words, “the Nandi which is of the form of five Jñānas serves as a mangala in the beginning of the study of the Āgamas; and the Anuyogadvāra-sūtra serves as a key to the understanding of the Āgamas”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Adbhuta.—(EI 33), same as utpāta (q. v.). Note: adbhuta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n (S) A prodigy; a wonder; any portentous or marvelous phenomenon; as an earthquake, a meteor, a comet. a0 māṇḍaṇēṃ To set up a strange practice.

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adbhuta (अद्भुत).—a (S) Strange, surprising, astonishing, amazing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n A wonder, a prodigy, portentous or marvellous phenomenon. a Strange. Surprising, amazing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—a. [Uṇādi-sūtra 5.1 adi bhuvo ḍutac; according to Nir. na bhūtam 'the like of which did not take place before.]

1) Wonderful, marvellous; °कर्मन् (karman) of wonderful deeds; °गन्ध (gandha) having wonderful smell; °दर्शन, °रूप (darśana, °rūpa); prodigious; extraordinary, transcendental, supernatural.

2) Ved. Unobserved, invisible (opp. dṛśya).

-tam 1 A wonder, a wonderful thing or occurrence, a prodigy, miracle; देव अद्भुतं खलु संवृत्तम् (deva adbhutaṃ khalu saṃvṛttam) Ś.5 a wonderful or unexpected occurrence; आकालिकमनध्यायं विद्यात्सर्वाद्भुतेषु च (ākālikamanadhyāyaṃ vidyātsarvādbhuteṣu ca) Manusmṛti 4. 118.

2) Surprise, astonishment, wonder (m.) also; °उद्भ्रान्तदेवासुराणि विक्रान्तचरितानि (udbhrāntadevāsurāṇi vikrāntacaritāni) Uttararāmacarita 6 lost in wonder.

3) One of the five proportions of the measurement of height; in this measurement height is twice the breadth; हीनं तु द्वयं तद्द्विगुणं चाद्भुतं कथितम् (hīnaṃ tu dvayaṃ taddviguṇaṃ cādbhutaṃ kathitam) Māna.11.2. 23.

-taḥ 1 One of the 8 or 9 Rasas, the marvellous sentiment; जगति जनितात्यद्भुतरसः (jagati janitātyadbhutarasaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.44.

2) Name of the Indra of the 9th Manvantara.

Derivable forms: adbhutaḥ (अद्भुतः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—(in Mahāvyutpatti Kyoto ed. always adbhūta, 1277, 5043, 7164; but Mironov adbhuta without v.l.), (1) adj. amazed, wonder-struck (in Sanskrit only astonishing, and so usually Pali abbhuta, but see Ap 109.24, Critical Pali Dictionary s.v.) āścaryabhūtā sma tathādbhutāś ca Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 110.12, we are amazed and astonished; (2) nt., also adbhuta-dharma, m. (Pali abbhuta, °ta-dhamma), one of the divisions or types of literature in the Buddhist canon, marvel(s), itivṛttakaṃ jātakam adbhutaṃ ca Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 45.7; adbhutadharmaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 1277; °dharma, Dharmasaṃgraha 62, one of the nine pravacana. (Not in this sense, adbhutānāṃ ca dharmāṇāṃ viśuddhir upalabhyate Mahāvastu i.175.17, of marvelous conditions or states.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. Surprise, astonishment. mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Wonderful, surprising. E. ata a particle of surprise, bhū to be, and utac Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—. I. adj., f. . Surprising, wonderful; superl. adbhuta + tama, most surprising. Ii. n. A strange phenomenon, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 118; a prodigy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—[adjective] invisible, secret, mysterious, wonderful; [neuter] wonder, portent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adbhuta (अद्भुत):—[=ad-bhuta] [from at] a mfn. extraordinary

2) [v.s. ...] See sub voce

3) b mfn. ([once adbhuta, [Ṛg-veda i, 120, 4]]) (See 1. at), supernatural, wonderful, marvellous

4) m. the marvellous (in style)

5) surprise

6) Name of the Indra of the ninth Manvantara

7) n. a marvel, a wonder, a prodigy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत):—[tatpurusha compound](?) I. m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) Surprising, wonderful (ac-cording to a vaidik interpretation: not having existed before). Ii. m.

(-taḥ) 1) Surprise, astonishment. See adbhutarasa.

2) The name of the Indra or chief of the ninth Manwantara. Iii. n.

(-tam) 1) A prodigy, a wonder, any portentous or marvellous phenomenon.

2) (In architecture.) A kind of temple or vimāna, the breadth of which is divided into four parts, seven such parts being given to its height. E. (doubtful) ad ind. and bhū, uṇ. aff. ḍutac. Compare anatidbhuta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत):—(taṃ) 1. n. Surprise. a. Wonderful, astonishing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abbhuya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adbhuta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adbhuta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) [Also spelled adbhut]:—(a) marvellous, fantastic; singular; supernatural.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adbhuta (ಅದ್ಭುತ):—

1) [adjective] causing wonder; surprising, astonishing or extraordinary.

2) [adjective] so extraordinary as to be improbable, incredible or miraculous; marvellous.

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Adbhuta (ಅದ್ಭುತ):—[noun] = ಅದ್ಭುತರಸ [adbhutarasa]; 2) a wonderful or astonishing thing; prodigy or miracle; a marvellous person or fact; a marvel.

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Adbhūta (ಅದ್ಭೂತ):—[adjective] = ಅದ್ಭುತ [adbhuta]¹.

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Adbhūta (ಅದ್ಭೂತ):—[noun] = ಅದ್ಭುತ [adbhuta]².

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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