Adbhuta, Adbhutā: 23 definitions



Adbhuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adbhut.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to the “marvellous” sentiment (rasa). It is one of the eight rasas mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.15. The color associated with the adbhuta is yellow (pīta), and the presiding deity of of the marvellous (adbhuta) sentiment is Brahmā.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “The Marvellous (adbhuta) Sentiment has as its basis the Durable Psychological State of astonishment. It is created by Determinants, such as sight of heavenly beings or events, attainment of desired objects, entry into a superior mansion, temple, audience hall (sabhā), and seven-storied palace and [seeing] illusory and magical acts.”.

2) Adbhutā (अद्भुता, “of wonder”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses the ‘marvellous sentiment’ (adbhutārasa). There are a total thirty-six glances defined. The Glance in which eyelashes are slightly curved at the end, eyeballs are raised in wonder, and the eyes are charmingly windened till the end, is called the Adbhutā (of wonder).

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

A type of glance (or facial expression): Adbhuta: the ends of the eyelids slightly curved, the eyebrows raised in wonder, the eyes shining. Usage: the marvellous.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or the “sentiment (rasa) of wonder”.—The sentiment, which grows out of wonder or surprise, while reading or witnessing a supernatural phenomenon, thereby bewildering the mind of the reader or the spectator is termed as the adbhuta. Viśvanātha is of the opinion that vismaya (marvel or wonder) is the sthāyibhāva, which attains the status of adbhutarasa. A Gandharva is its presiding deity. It is alleged by the mythologists to be of gold-coloured. The supernatural elements are its ālambanvibhāvas and the attributes of those elements are uddīpanvibhāvas, in the context of this sentiment. Exclamation, tears, throbbing and horripilation of the body stand as the anubhāvas, in respect to this rasa, while delight, emotion, fortitude etc. appear as the vyabhicāribhāvas.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to “mysterious” or “enigmatic/complex”, referring to the form (ākṛti), sports (līlā) and māyā of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] then all the Devas and the sages, extremely terrified, began to eulogise Him who was blazing there:—‘[...] Mysterious is your form (adbhut-ākṛti), O lord, and mysterious are your divine sports. Your Māyā is enigmatic and complex (māyā-adbhuta). Everything and everyone except your devotee is deluded by it, O Lord’”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—The name of Indra of the 9th manvantara of the Rohita epoch.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 19-20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 61; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 22.

1b) The son of Savanāgni (Sahasa, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) and father of Vividha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 38; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 41.

1c) See utpātas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 228. 2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or Adbhutāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Dīptāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Adbhuta Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Dīpta-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to “n. of a method of calculating the height of the prāsāda § 4.5.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Adbhutā (अद्भुता) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Adbhutā).

2) Adbhuta (अद्भुत) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Adbhuta (अद्भुत, “wonder”) refers to the “nine sentiments” (navarasa) in poetics and dramaturgy and represents one of the topics dealt with in the Anuyogadvārasūtra : a technical treatise on analytical methods, a kind of guide to applying knowledge.—In Muni Puṇyavijaya’s words, “the Nandi which is of the form of five Jñānas serves as a mangala in the beginning of the study of the Āgamas; and the Anuyogadvāra-sūtra serves as a key to the understanding of the Āgamas”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Adbhuta.—(EI 33), same as utpāta (q. v.). Note: adbhuta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n (S) A prodigy; a wonder; any portentous or marvelous phenomenon; as an earthquake, a meteor, a comet. a0 māṇḍaṇēṃ To set up a strange practice.

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adbhuta (अद्भुत).—a (S) Strange, surprising, astonishing, amazing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n A wonder, a prodigy, portentous or marvellous phenomenon. a Strange. Surprising, amazing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—a. [Uṇ.5.1 adi bhuvo ḍutac; according to Nir. na bhūtam 'the like of which did not take place before.]

1) Wonderful, marvellous; °कर्मन् (karman) of wonderful deeds; °गन्ध (gandha) having wonderful smell; °दर्शन, °रूप (darśana, °rūpa); prodigious; extraordinary, transcendental, supernatural.

2) Ved. Unobserved, invisible (opp. dṛśya).

-tam 1 A wonder, a wonderful thing or occurrence, a prodigy, miracle; देव अद्भुतं खलु संवृत्तम् (deva adbhutaṃ khalu saṃvṛttam) Ś.5 a wonderful or unexpected occurrence; आकालिकमनध्यायं विद्यात्सर्वाद्भुतेषु च (ākālikamanadhyāyaṃ vidyātsarvādbhuteṣu ca) Ms.4. 118.

2) Surprise, astonishment, wonder (m.) also; °उद्भ्रान्तदेवासुराणि विक्रान्तचरितानि (udbhrāntadevāsurāṇi vikrāntacaritāni) U.6 lost in wonder.

3) One of the five proportions of the measurement of height; in this measurement height is twice the breadth; हीनं तु द्वयं तद्द्विगुणं चाद्भुतं कथितम् (hīnaṃ tu dvayaṃ taddviguṇaṃ cādbhutaṃ kathitam) Māna.11.2. 23.

-taḥ 1 One of the 8 or 9 Rasas, the marvellous sentiment; जगति जनितात्यद्भुतरसः (jagati janitātyadbhutarasaḥ) U.3.44.

2) Name of the Indra of the 9th Manvantara.

Derivable forms: adbhutaḥ (अद्भुतः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—(in Mahāvyutpatti Kyoto ed. always adbhūta, 1277, 5043, 7164; but Mironov adbhuta without v.l.), (1) adj. amazed, wonder-struck (in Sanskrit only astonishing, and so usually Pali abbhuta, but see Ap 109.24, Critical Pali Dictionary s.v.) āścaryabhūtā sma tathādbhutāś ca Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 110.12, we are amazed and astonished; (2) nt., also adbhuta-dharma, m. (Pali abbhuta, °ta-dhamma), one of the divisions or types of literature in the Buddhist canon, marvel(s), itivṛttakaṃ jātakam adbhutaṃ ca Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 45.7; adbhutadharmaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 1277; °dharma, Dharmasaṃgraha 62, one of the nine pravacana. (Not in this sense, adbhutānāṃ ca dharmāṇāṃ viśuddhir upalabhyate Mahāvastu i.175.17, of marvelous conditions or states.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. Surprise, astonishment. mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Wonderful, surprising. E. ata a particle of surprise, bhū to be, and utac Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—. I. adj., f. . Surprising, wonderful; superl. adbhuta + tama, most surprising. Ii. n. A strange phenomenon, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 118; a prodigy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—[adjective] invisible, secret, mysterious, wonderful; [neuter] wonder, portent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adbhuta (अद्भुत):—[=ad-bhuta] [from at] a mfn. extraordinary

2) [v.s. ...] See sub voce

3) b mfn. ([once adbhuta, [Ṛg-veda i, 120, 4]]) (See 1. at), supernatural, wonderful, marvellous

4) m. the marvellous (in style)

5) surprise

6) Name of the Indra of the ninth Manvantara

7) n. a marvel, a wonder, a prodigy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत):—[tatpurusha compound](?) I. m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) Surprising, wonderful (ac-cording to a vaidik interpretation: not having existed before). Ii. m.

(-taḥ) 1) Surprise, astonishment. See adbhutarasa.

2) The name of the Indra or chief of the ninth Manwantara. Iii. n.

(-tam) 1) A prodigy, a wonder, any portentous or marvellous phenomenon.

2) (In architecture.) A kind of temple or vimāna, the breadth of which is divided into four parts, seven such parts being given to its height. E. (doubtful) ad ind. and bhū, uṇ. aff. ḍutac. Compare anatidbhuta.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Adbhuta (अद्भुत):—

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Adbhuta (अद्भुत):—

2) b) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 13, 19. 20.] —

4) m. Bez. einer best. künstlichen Schreibart [Oxforder Handschriften 211,b,9.] — Vgl. bhuvanādbhuta, mahādbhuta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Adbhuta (अद्भुत):—und einmal adbhuta

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) unsichtbar. — b) geheimnissvoll ; wunderbar [38,8.51,21.65,6.] —

2) m. — a) das Wunderbare als poetischer Rasa. — b) eine best. künstliche Schreibart. — c) Nomen proprium des Indra im 11ten Manvantara. —

3) n. Wunder , ein ausserordentliches Naturereigniss [220,32.] [Indische sprüche 7861.] tama n. ein sehr grosses Wunder.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adbhuta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) [Also spelled adbhut]:—(a) marvellous, fantastic; singular; supernatural.

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