Adbhuta, aka: Adbhutā; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Adbhuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Adbhuta (अद्भुत) refers to the “marvellous” sentiment (rasa). It is one of the eight rasas mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.15. The color associated with the adbhuta is yellow (pīta), and the presiding deity of of the marvellous (adbhuta) sentiment is Brahmā.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “The Marvellous (adbhuta) Sentiment has as its basis the Durable Psychological State of astonishment. It is created by Determinants, such as sight of heavenly beings or events, attainment of desired objects, entry into a superior mansion, temple, audience hall (sabhā), and seven-storied palace and [seeing] illusory and magical acts.”.

2) Adbhutā (अद्भुता, “of wonder”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses the ‘marvellous sentiment’ (adbhutārasa). There are a total thirty-six glances defined. The Glance in which eyelashes are slightly curved at the end, eyeballs are raised in wonder, and the eyes are charmingly windened till the end, is called the Adbhutā (of wonder).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

A type of glance (or facial expression): Adbhuta: the ends of the eyelids slightly curved, the eyebrows raised in wonder, the eyes shining. Usage: the marvellous.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or the “sentiment (rasa) of wonder”.—The sentiment, which grows out of wonder or surprise, while reading or witnessing a supernatural phenomenon, thereby bewildering the mind of the reader or the spectator is termed as the adbhuta. Viśvanātha is of the opinion that vismaya (marvel or wonder) is the sthāyibhāva, which attains the status of adbhutarasa. A Gandharva is its presiding deity. It is alleged by the mythologists to be of gold-coloured. The supernatural elements are its ālambanvibhāvas and the attributes of those elements are uddīpanvibhāvas, in the context of this sentiment. Exclamation, tears, throbbing and horripilation of the body stand as the anubhāvas, in respect to this rasa, while delight, emotion, fortitude etc. appear as the vyabhicāribhāvas.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Adbhuta in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1a) Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—The name of Indra of the 9th manvantara of the Rohita epoch.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 19-20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 61; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 22.

1b) The son of Savanāgni (Sahasa, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) and father of Vividha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 38; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 41.

1c) See utpātas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 228. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Adbhuta (अद्भुत) or Adbhutāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Dīptāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Adbhuta Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Dīpta-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Adbhuta.—(EI 33), same as utpāta (q. v.). Note: adbhuta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Adbhuta in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n (S) A prodigy; a wonder; any portentous or marvelous phenomenon; as an earthquake, a meteor, a comet. a0 māṇḍaṇēṃ To set up a strange practice.

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adbhuta (अद्भुत).—a (S) Strange, surprising, astonishing, amazing.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n A wonder, a prodigy, portentous or marvellous phenomenon. a Strange. Surprising, amazing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—a. [Uṇ.5.1 adi bhuvo ḍutac; according to Nir. na bhūtam 'the like of which did not take place before.]

1) Wonderful, marvellous; °कर्मन् (karman) of wonderful deeds; °गन्ध (gandha) having wonderful smell; °दर्शन, °रूप (darśana, °rūpa); prodigious; extraordinary, transcendental, supernatural.

2) Ved. Unobserved, invisible (opp. dṛśya).

-tam 1 A wonder, a wonderful thing or occurrence, a prodigy, miracle; देव अद्भुतं खलु संवृत्तम् (deva adbhutaṃ khalu saṃvṛttam) Ś.5 a wonderful or unexpected occurrence; आकालिकमनध्यायं विद्यात्सर्वाद्भुतेषु च (ākālikamanadhyāyaṃ vidyātsarvādbhuteṣu ca) Ms.4. 118.

2) Surprise, astonishment, wonder (m.) also; °उद्भ्रान्तदेवासुराणि विक्रान्तचरितानि (udbhrāntadevāsurāṇi vikrāntacaritāni) U.6 lost in wonder.

3) One of the five proportions of the measurement of height; in this measurement height is twice the breadth; हीनं तु द्वयं तद्द्विगुणं चाद्भुतं कथितम् (hīnaṃ tu dvayaṃ taddviguṇaṃ cādbhutaṃ kathitam) Māna.11.2. 23.

-taḥ 1 One of the 8 or 9 Rasas, the marvellous sentiment; जगति जनितात्यद्भुतरसः (jagati janitātyadbhutarasaḥ) U.3.44.

2) Name of the Indra of the 9th Manvantara.

Derivable forms: adbhutaḥ (अद्भुतः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—(in Mvy Kyoto ed. always adbhūta, 1277, 5043, 7164; but Mironov adbhuta without v.l.), (1) adj. amazed, wonder-struck (in Sanskrit only astonishing, and so usually Pali abbhuta, but see Ap 109.24, CPD s.v.) āścaryabhūtā sma tathādbhutāś ca SP 110.12, we are amazed and astonished; (2) nt., also adbhuta-dharma, m. (Pali abbhuta, °ta-dhamma), one of the divisions or types of literature in the Buddhist canon, marvel(s), itivṛttakaṃ jātakam adbhutaṃ ca SP 45.7; adbhutadharmaḥ Mvy 1277; °dharma, Dharmas 62, one of the nine pravacana. (Not in this sense, adbhutānāṃ ca dharmāṇāṃ viśuddhir upalabhyate Mv i.175.17, of marvelous conditions or states.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adbhuta (अद्भुत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. Surprise, astonishment. mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Wonderful, surprising. E. ata a particle of surprise, bhū to be, and utac Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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