Acchata, Acchaṭā: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Acchata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achchhata.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Acchaṭā (अच्छटा) or Acchaṭāsaṃghāta refers to “gesture of snapping the fingers” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXV).—Accordingly, “In the time of a finger-snap (acchaṭā-mātra), there are sixty moments (kṣaṇa); in each kṣaṇa, the mind is born (utpāda) and ceases (bhaṅga); but as it arises in a series, we know that this is a mind of desire (rāgacitta), that, a mind of anger (dveṣacitta), or a mind of delusion (mohacitta), a mind of faith (prasādacitta), or a pure mind (viśuddhacitta) of wisdom (prajñā) or rapture (dhyāna)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Acchaṭa (अच्छट).—nt. (only (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 159.23; in Pali acchara as stem in composition beside °rā) = acchaṭā, q.v.

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Acchaṭā (अच्छटा).—also acchaṭā-saṃghāta (= Pali and AMg. accharā, Pali also accharā-saṃghāta), once ac- chaṭā-saṃhāta (see saṃhāta); compare ricchaṭā (for ṛcch- aṭā? which could be the original of acchaṭā), (1) snap of the fingers: ekācchatā ye (so read with WT) ca karonti śabdam Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 392.6; acchaṭā-śabdena Divyāvadāna 555.21; °śabdaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 2802; °śabdam akārṣīt, snapped his fingers, Gaṇḍavyūha 510.22; °saṃghāta-śabdaḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 388.8; (2) as name of a small unit of time, instant, jiffy: °ṭā (printed °ṭāṃ in 160.7, wrongly) tvaritā gatiḥ (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 160.7; 279.23; once as nt. (see acchaṭa), °ṭam (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 159.23; various adverbs, in a jiffy, acchaṭāmātreṇa (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 79.27; °ṭā-samghāta- mātram Mahāvyutpatti 8226; Divyāvadāna 142.11; °ṭā-pada-mātram (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 268.18; ekācchaṭāsaṃhātamātram Śikṣāsamuccaya 214.11; as adj., having or characterized by the measure of a finger-snap, i.e. in a jiffy, agreeing with personal subject, (Mañjuśrīḥ…) °ṭāsaṃghātamātro…vikurvaṇaṃ…samāpadyata (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 3.27.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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