Acar, Ācar: 4 definitions


Acar means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achar.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ācar (आचर्).—1 P.

1) To act, practise, do, perform, undertake, exercise; असक्तो ह्याचरन् कर्म (asakto hyācaran karma) Bg.3.19; तपस्विकन्या- स्वविनयमाचरति (tapasvikanyā- svavinayamācarati) Ś.1.24 practises rudeness; °स्थितिम् (sthitim) R.1.89,12.22; त्वं च तस्येष्टमाचरेः (tvaṃ ca tasyeṣṭamācareḥ) V.5.2,1.19; नाचरे- त्किंचिदप्रियम् (nācare- tkiṃcidapriyam) Ms.5.156; Y.3.65; न चाप्याचरितः पूर्वैरयं धर्मः (na cāpyācaritaḥ pūrvairayaṃ dharmaḥ) Mb.; so सेवाम्, विधिम्, स्नानम्, वृत्तिम् (sevām, vidhim, snānam, vṛttim).

2) To act or behave towards (with loc.); तस्यां त्वं साधु नाचरः (tasyāṃ tvaṃ sādhu nācaraḥ) R.1.76; विष्णा- विवाचरति शिवे (viṣṇā- vivācarati śive) Vop.

3) To act, proceed, manage (without loc.); यद्यदाचरति श्रेष्ठः (yadyadācarati śreṣṭhaḥ) Bg.3.21; जडवल्लोक आचरेत् (jaḍavalloka ācaret) Ms.2. 11.

4) To treat; पुत्रं मित्रवदाचरेत् (putraṃ mitravadācaret) Chāṇ.11; पुत्रमिवाच- रति शिष्यम् (putramivāca- rati śiṣyam) Sk.; Ms.8.12;

5) To observe the usual formality; Ś.7.

6) To come near; approach (Ved.); आ वां चरन्तु वृष्टयः (ā vāṃ carantu vṛṣṭayaḥ) Rv.8.25.6.

7) To step upon, pass through, wander over or about; frequent, resort to, follow; तस्कराचरितो मार्गः (taskarācarito mārgaḥ) Rām.; श्वापदाचरिते वने (śvāpadācarite vane) Mb.; अगस्त्याचरितामाशाम् (agastyācaritāmāśām) R.4.44; परेताचरितां दिशम् (paretācaritāṃ diśam) Rām.; अविद्वज्जनाचरित एष मार्गः (avidvajjanācarita eṣa mārgaḥ) K.173.

8) To have intercourse with; Ms.11.18,189.

9) To devour, eat into, corrode.

1) To help forward, put into; हस्तेनाचरति (hastenācarati) Kāty. (hastena prerayati prakṣipati).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācar (आचर्).—come near, approach, enter, visit; use, employ, treat (like—vat), apply to ([accusative]); behave, conduct one’s self; deal with, have intercourse with ([instrumental] ± saha), undertake, practise, perform, accomplish, effect, do, make.

Ācar is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and car (चर्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācar (आचर्):—[=ā-√car] -carati, to come near to ([accusative]), approach, [Ṛg-veda];

—to lead hither (as a path), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii] ;

—to address, apply to ([accusative]), [Pañcatantra];

—to proceed, manage, behave one’s self, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Manu-smṛti ii, 110, etc.];

—to use, apply, [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya];

—to examine (a witness), [Manu-smṛti viii, 102, etc.];—(with or without saha) to have intercourse with, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti xi, 180];

—to act, undertake, do, exercise, practise, perform, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] ([v, 22] [imperfect tense] ācarat, ‘has done it’), [Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to throw into the fire, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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