Abhyanga, Abhyaṅga: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Abhyanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग) refers to “inunction”, and is mentioned in verse 2.7 and 4.20-22, 29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] sesame-oil mixed with alkali and salt is recommended for inunction [viz., abhyaṅga]”.

Note (verse 2.7): Abhyaṅga (“inunction”) has been rendered by a hendiadys: bshu-byug, lit. “besmearing & anointing” (cf. 2.9 & 4.6). Expressing action-nouns this way is a favourite practice in Tibetan.

Source: PMC: Effect of Grīvā Vasti

Abhyaṅga (oleation)

Source: Easy Ayurveda: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Symptoms

Abhyanga: Massage with medicated oils always provides a soothing effect and relieves pain, numbness, tingling sensation etc symptoms. Care should be taken not to give a vigorous massage so as to aggravate the conditions. Abhyanga should be done under supervision of a qualified and experienced Ayurvedic doctor. Ayurvedic doctor might recommend oils or combination of oils and ghee (

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Abhyaṅga (massage) is a clinical feature used in Ayurveda.

Source: Aryacharya: Hinduism

अभ्यङ्ग (Abhyaṅga) is the traditional Ayurveda massage. The purpose of अभ्यङ्ग (Abhyaṅga) is to apply herbal oil to the body and allow it to absorb into the body. The medicated oil is prepared and used according to the प्रकृति (Prakṛti) or विकृति (Vikṛti) of the person who is to receive अभ्यङ्ग (Abhyaṅga). There are variable techniques to apply the oil to the body and may be done as a one person or two person massage. The strokes applied vary and are occasionally designed to affect the वायु (Vāyu). Another procedure involved in अभ्यङ्ग (Abhyaṅga) is the administration of superficial friction massage, which helps with the absorption of the oil.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Abhyaṅga.—(IA 22), smearing the body with oil. Note: abhyaṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhyaṅga (अभ्यंग).—m abhyañjana n (S) Rubbing the body with unctuous substances; inunction previous to ablution.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhyaṅga (अभ्यंग).—m abhyañjana n Inunction previous to ablution, rubbing the body with unc- tuous substances.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग).—

1) Smearing the body with unctuous or oily substances, smearing with oil; अभ्यङ्गने पथ्यमलंचकार (abhyaṅgane pathyamalaṃcakāra) Ku.7.7; स्तन्यदानाभ्यङ्गपोषणादिभिः पुपोष (stanyadānābhyaṅgapoṣaṇādibhiḥ pupoṣa) Pt.5; Ms.2.178.

2) Smearing in general, inunction.

3) An unguent, salve, liniment.

4) cream of milk; (Nigh.).

Derivable forms: abhyaṅgaḥ (अभ्यङ्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. Rubbing the body with unctuous substances; smearing the body with oil, inunction. 2. Unguent, liniment, oily application. 3. Applying collyrium to the eyes. 4. Sediment of oil, oil cake. E. abhi, and añja to anoint, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग).—i. e. abi-añj + a, m. Unction, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 178.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग).—[masculine] smearing, unction, unguent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग):—[=abhy-aṅga] [from abhy-añj] m. rubbing with unctuous substances, inunction, [Manu-smṛti ii, 178, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] unguent, [Suśruta etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1) Anointing, in general; e. g. Jaiminīyanyāyam.: jyotiṣṭome śrūyate dīkṣārthābhyaṅge…. tatra barhiṣi samūlacchedasyābhyaṅge navanītasya puroḍāśe yathocitapākasya ca vidheyatayā sarvamavaśiṣṭaṃ stāvakam. See also abhyañjana.

2) Rubbing the body with unctuous substances, smearing the body with oil, inunction; e. g. Suśr.: snānābhyaṅgadivāsvapnaśītavyāyāmayoṣitaḥ . na bhajeta svarotsṛṣṭo yāvanno balavānbhavet.—Raghunandana quotes in the Śuddhitattva (Ii. p. 132) the following definition (āyurvedoktapāribhāṣikaṃ) of the word: mūrdhni dattaṃ yadā tailaṃ bhavetsarvāṅgasaṃgatam . srotobhistarpayedbāhū abhyaṅgaḥ sa udāhṛtaḥ . tailamalpaṃ yadaṅgeṣu na ca syādvāhutarpaṇam . sā mārṣṭiḥ pṛthagabhyaṅgo mastakādau prakīrtitaḥ ‘when oil is applied to the head, goes over the whole body and delights with its flood the arms, this is called Abhyanga; but when little oil comes on the body and the arms are not much wetted, such partial inunction of the head &c. is called Mārṣṭi’. The medicinal effect of this practice is thus briefly described in the Rājanigh.: abhyaṅgo mārdavakaraḥ kaphavātavināśanaḥ . dhātūnāṃ puṣṭijananaḥ sutvamvarṇavalapradaḥ . pādābhyaṅgotha nidrākṛccakṣuṣaḥ pādarogahā . cakṣuṣi pratibaddhe dve śire pādagate nṛṇām . ataścakṣuḥprasādārthaṃ pādābhyaṅgaṃ samācaret (comp. also Wise, Hindu syst. of Med. p. 93). A religious student, an anchorete and a widow are forbidden to anoint themselves; Manu: (brahmacārī varjayet) abhyaṅgamañjanaṃ cākṣṇorupānacchatradhāraṇam); Prachetas (as quoted by Raghunand.): tāmbūlābhyañjanaṃ caiva kāṃsyapātre ca bhojanam . yatiśca brahmacārī ca vidhavā ca vivarjayet).

3) Unguent, liniment; e. g. Suśr.: sphoṭajanmarujāsrāvatvakpākaḥ svedanaṃ jvaraḥ . daraṇaṃ cāpi māṃsānāmabhyaṅge viṣasaṃyute. [

4) Applying collyrium to the eyes.

5) Sediment of oil, oilcake (Wilson)]. See the following. E. añj with abhi, kṛt aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग):—[abhya+ṅga] (ṅgaḥ) 1. m. Rubbing the body with an unctuous substance.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग):—(von añj mit abhi) m.

1) das Salben, Bestreichen mit fettigen, öligen Stoffen: (varjayet) abhyaṅgamañjanaṃ cākṣṇoḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 178.] [Suśruta 1, 36, 15. 2, 5, 12. 94, 9. 137, 18.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 7.] —

2) Salbe [Suśruta 2, 248, 2. 4. 10. 422, 20.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 53.] mardana [Pañcatantra 238, 7.]

--- OR ---

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग):—

1) tailābhyaṅga [Spr. 4140.] vṛkṣaḥ prasīdati prāyaḥ pādābhyaṅgena na svayam das Salben der Füsse so v. a. das Begiessen der Wurzeln [DṚṢTĀNTAŚ. 77] in [Kāvya-Saṅgraha 224.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Abhyaṅga (अभ्यङ्ग):—m.

1) Salbung , Bestreichung mit fetten Stoffen [Indische sprüche 7711.] —

2) Salbe.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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