Abhishikta, Abhiṣikta: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Abhishikta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Abhiṣikta can be transliterated into English as Abhisikta or Abhishikta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhishikt.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त) refers to “sprinkled”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The last in the series is the goddess identified with the Full Moon laden with lunar energy or nectar. As she rises into the End of the Sixteen above the End of the Twelve, she assumes the form of the seventeenth energy—the New Moon. Thus even as she assumes the form of the inner lunar energy by which she replenishes herself, the lunar nectar with which she is filled to become the Full Moon empties out into the lower spheres. The neophant, like Bhairava his divine archetype, is consecrated (abhiṣikta lit. ‘sprinkled’) with this nectar and it is this nectar that baths him to purify him so that he can worship the Krama

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त) refers to “anointed”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 6), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Mars, after his re-appearance in the constellation of Śravaṇa, should retrograde in that of Puṣya, anointed monarchs [i.e., mūrdha-abhiṣikta-pīḍā-kṛt] will be afflicted with miseries; those countries and those persons will suffer in whose Nakṣatra, Mars should begin to reappear. If Mars should pass through the middle of the constellation of Maghā and retrograde back through the same, the ruler of the Pāṇḍya country will perish and mankind will suffer from wars and drought”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त) refers to the “coronation of a king” (i.e., being crowned as the king), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, after Tāraka requested boons from Brahmā: “O excellent sage, thus requested by that demon, I granted him two boons and hastened back to my abode. Securing the excellent boon in accordance with his cherished desire, the demon was very glad and went to the town Śoṇita. That great demon was crowned the king [i.e., abhiṣikta] of the three worlds with the permission of Śukra, the preceptor of the demons. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त) refers to “(being) consecrated (to office)”, according to the Svacchandatantra verse 4.79b-81b.—Accordingly, “The Sādhaka is of two kinds. On the one hand, there is the śivadharmī, for whom the cosmic path is purified by Śaiva mantras and who is yoked to [particular] mantras that are to be mastered; he is knowledgeable, consecrated (abhiṣikta) [to office], and devoted to the propitiation of mantras. This Śaiva Sādhaka is capable [of mastering] the threefold supernatural powers. The second [kind of Sādhaka] adheres to the mundane path and is devoted to the performance of good and meritorious works; desiring the fruits produced by [his] karma, he abides solely [devoted to] meritorious [karma], free of the unmeritorious. [The Guru] should always perform the destruction of the unmeritorious portion [of the candidate’s karma] with mantras”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त) refers to “anointing” (one’s head), according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[...] Out of [his own] head indeed has God, the Lord, created the King in ancient times. Therefore does he have his head anointed (mūrdhan-abhiṣikta) and stands above all beings. The King is praised in Revealed Knowledge and Systematized Bodies of Knowledge as a double Brāhmaṇa (i.e. as worth twice as much as a Brāhmaṇa). If one is hostile to him out of delusion, that fool is hostile to Hari [himself]”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त) refers to “anointed with crucial anointment” and represents one of the ten Bodhisattva vyavasthānas, according to the Avataṃsaka in the chapter on the bodhisattva-daśavyavasthāna, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52. Abhiṣikta-vyavasthāna is also known as kouang ting. The Sanskrit names of these ten abodes are given by the Gaṇḍhavyūha.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Abhiṣikta.—(CII 1), cf. dvādaśa-varṣa-abhiṣikta, ‘when one has been anointed twelve years’, ‘when twelve years have elapsed from one's coronation’. See Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIII, pp. 333 ff. Note: abhiṣikta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त).—p S pop. abhiṣēkī a Inaugurated, installed, solemnly purified and invested. See the noun.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त).—a. Sprinkled, anointed, installed. cf. मूर्धाभिषिक्त (mūrdhābhiṣikta).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त).—mfn.

(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Sprinkled. 2. Anointed, installed, inaugurated, enthroned. E. abhi before sic to sprinkle, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त):—[=abhi-ṣikta] [from abhi-ṣic] mfn. sprinkled

2) [v.s. ...] anointed, installed, enthroned (cf. mūrdhābhiṣikta.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktam) 1) Sprinkled over; e. g. Chaurapanch.: adyāpi tāṃ kṣaṇaviyogaviṣopameyāṃ saṅge punarbahutarāmamṛtābhiṣiktām…smarāmi.

2) Sprinkled over with consecrated water &c. (as an idol or a king), inaugurated, solemnly invested, enthroned, see abhiṣeka; e. g. Hariv.: śrutvābhiṣiktaṃ rājendraṃ bahubhirvasudhādhipaiḥ &c.; or Bhāgavata Pur.: yadābhiṣiktaḥ pṛthuraṅga viprairāmantrito janatāyāśca pālaḥ; or Hitopad.: ahaṃ bhagavatyā vanadevatayā svahastenāraṇyarājye sarvauṣadhirasenābhiṣiktaḥ; or Vīramītr.: pārthivo bhiṣiktakṣatriyaḥ. E. sic with abhi, kṛt aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त):—[abhi-ṣikta] (ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) par. Sprinkled, anointed, installed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abhisitta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhishikta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhiṣikta (अभिषिक्त) [Also spelled abhishikt]:—(a) consecrated; enthroned.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhishikta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhiṣikta (ಅಭಿಷಿಕ್ತ):—[adjective] consecrated as king; crowned.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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