Abhisara, Abhīsārā, Abhīsāra: 11 definitions

Introduction

Abhisara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Abhisara in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Abhīsāra (अभीसार) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.52, VIII.51.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Abhīsāra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: The Geographical Dictionary of Ancient and Mediaeval India

Abhīsārā.—Same as Abhisāri (Padma-purāṇa, Ādikhhaṇḍa, ch. 6).

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Abhisāra (अभिसार) is the name of a tribe mentioned as inhabiting the region around ancient Kaśmīra (Kashmir valley) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Abhisāras were the famous people who helped the Assakenoi in offering resistance to Alexander but later on made alliance with Alexander who confirmed their ruler under the title of Satrap. The expression Dārvābhisāra occurs mostly as the name of one continuous territory. According to Stein, it lay between the river Vitastā and Gandrabhāgā and included the provinces of Jammu, Punch etc.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Abhisara in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhisara, (fr. abhi + sarati, of sṛ to go) retinue J.V, 373. (Page 72)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhisāra (अभिसार).—m abhisāraṇa n S Spilling or shedding; dispersing, scattering, spreading far and wide.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhisara (अभिसर).—&c. See under अभिसृ, अभिसृज् (abhisṛ, abhisṛj) &c.

See also (synonyms): abhisarga, abhisarjana.

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Abhisara (अभिसर).—

1) A follower, an attendant; Dk.73,127.

2) A companion. मन्मथाभिसरा तदागारमभिसराभि (manmathābhisarā tadāgāramabhisarābhi) Dk.15; शिवराजस्याभिसराः प्रसरन्ति पुरः पुरः (śivarājasyābhisarāḥ prasaranti puraḥ puraḥ) Śivabhārata 24.39.

3) Name of a people.

Derivable forms: abhisaraḥ (अभिसरः).

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Abhisāra (अभिसार).—

1) Going to meet (as a lover), appointment, assignation; रतिसुखसारे गतमभिसारे मदनमनोहरवेशम् (ratisukhasāre gatamabhisāre madanamanoharaveśam) Gīt.5.

2) The place where lovers meet by appointment, rendezvous; त्वरितमुपैति न कथमभिसारम् (tvaritamupaiti na kathamabhisāram) Gīt.6.

3) An attack, assault; श्वोऽभिसारः पुरस्य नः (śvo'bhisāraḥ purasya naḥ) Rām.

4) War, battle.

5) A follower, companion.

6) Might, power.

7) An instrument, means; अभिसारेण सर्वैण तत्र युद्धमवर्तत (abhisāreṇa sarvaiṇa tatra yuddhamavartata) Mb.3.15.4.

8) A purificatory rite.

9) (°rāḥ pl.) Name of a people.

-rī Name of a town.

Derivable forms: abhisāraḥ (अभिसारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhisāra (अभिसार).—m. (nowhere recorded; corresponds to Pali abhihāra, also BHS, see s.v., which in Pali is cpd. with bhatta-, compare bhaktābhisāra below; abhi-harati has a meaning appropriate to this in Sanskrit, and abhi-sarati does not; only in Divy, MPS, and MSV; var. twice atisāra), gift, present, honorarium: Divy 6.18, 20 (here given to a bringer of good tidings); usually of food offered to the Buddha and or his monks, Divy 187.23, and almost always in the cpd. bhaktābhi° offering of food, MPS 6.8; Divy 43.22 (mss. °āti°); 65.2; 81.16; 85.16; 97.3 (ed. °saras); 177.26 (mss. °āti°); 183.21; 285.2—3; 286.26; of a physician's fee, MSV i.218.10 f.; ii.25.20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhisara (अभिसर).—m.

(-raḥ) A companion, a follower. E. abhi after or near, and sara who goes; from sṛ to go, and ac aff.

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Abhisāra (अभिसार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Strength. 2. War, battle. 3. A companion, a follower. 4. The instrument or agent. 5. An assignation, an appointment. E. abhi before sṛ to go, affix ghañ.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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