Abhisamaya: 9 definitions


Abhisamaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhisamay.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Abhisamaya in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines


is the full and direct grasp of the Four Noble Truths by the Stream-winner (Sotāpanna; s. ariya-puggala). 

In the Com. the term is represented by 'penetration' (pativedha, q.v.). Frequently occurring as dhammābhisamaya, 'realization of the doctrine' 

Cf. S. XIII (Abhisamaya Samyutta) and Pts.M. (Abhisamaya Kathā).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Abhisamaya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Abhisamaya (अभिसमय) refers to “understanding (of the Dharma)”.—The characters tao tsi are often used to render the expression dharmābhisamaya ‘understanding of the Dharma’ (cf. T 1462, k. 2, p. 688c5).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhisamaya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

abhisamaya : (m.) realisation; penetration.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhisamaya, (abhi + samaya, from sam + i, cp. abhisameti & sameti; BSk. abhisamaya, e. g. Divy 200, 654) “coming by completely”, insight into, comprehension, realization, clear understanding, grasp, penetration. See on term Kvu trsl. 381 sq. — Esp. in full phrases: attha° grasp of what is proficient S.I, 87 = A.III, 49 = It.17, cp. A.II, 46; ariyasaccānaṃ a. full understanding of the 4 noble truths S.V, 415, 440, 441 (cp. Divy 654: anabhisamitānāṃ caturnāṃ āryasatyānāṃ a.); Sn.758 (sacca° = sacc’âvabodha SnA 509); Miln.214 (catusacc°); Sdhp.467 (catusacc°), 525 (saccānaṃ); dhammâbhisamaya full grasp of the Dhamma, quasi conversion (cp. dharm’âbhisamaya Divy 200) S.II, 134; Miln.20, 350; VvA.219; PvA.9 etc. frequent; sammā-mān’âbhisamaya full understanding of false pride in ster. phrase” acchecchi (for acchejji) taṇhaṃ, vivattayi saññojanaṃ sammāmānâbhisamayā antam akāsi dukkhassa” at S.IV, 205, 207, 399; A.III, 246, 444; It.47; cp. māna° S.I, 188 = Th.2, 20 (tato mānâbhisamayā upasanto carissasi, trsl. by Mrs. Rh. D. in K. S. 239 “hath the mind mastered vain imaginings, then mayst thou go thy ways calm and serene”); Sn.342 (expld. by mānassa abhisamayo khayo vayo pahānaṃ SnA 344). Also in foll. passages: S.II, 5 (paññāya), 104 (id.), 133 sq. (Abhisamaya Saṃyutta); Sn.737 (phassa°, expld. ad sensum but not at verbum by phassa-nirodha SnA 509); Ps.II, 215; Pug.41; Vv 1610 (= saccapaṭivedha VvA.85); DA.I, 32; DhA.I, 109; VvA.73 (bhāvana°), 84 (sacchikiriya°); Dpvs.I, 31. —anabhisamaya not grasping correctly, insufficient understanding, taken up wrongly S.III, 260; Pug.21; Dhs.390, 1061, 1162 (Mrs. Rh. D. trsls. “lack of coordination”). (Page 71)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhisamaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhisamaya (अभिसमय).—m. (= Pali id., in both mgs.; to abhi- sameti, q.v.), (1) comprehension, clear understanding; (spiritual) realization, intuitive grasp (of religious verities), in Pali especially grasp of the Law (dhamma) or the four noble truths (sacca); Tibetan mṅon par rtogs pa, clear com- prehension; compare Stcherbatskoy, Abhisamayālaṃkāra (Bibl. Buddhist 23), p.iii, ‘abhisamaya means direct intuition of the Absolute. Here it means the Path of attaining that in- tuition…a synonym of mārga;’ often in composition with that which is comprehended: dharmābhi° Mahāvastu i.261.19; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 328.11; Sukhāvatīvyūha 42.16; satyābhi° (as in Pali, above) Bodhisattvabhūmi 38.12; Divyāvadāna 340.8 and 355.20 (in these two saha, preceding satyā°, should be taken as a separate word); Udānavarga xx.2; āryasatyānām abhisamayāya Divyāvadāna 654.26; jñānābhi° Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 34.12; prāpty-abhi° Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 615.17 ff. (on prāpti compare Abhidharmakośa La V-P. ii.179 et passim); yogābhi° Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 12.1; mārgābhi° Lalitavistara 38.5 (realization, intuitive comprehension, of the Path); (śrāvaka-, pratyekabuddha-, and tathāgata-) yānābhi° Mahāvyutpatti 1261-3 (comprehension of the vehicles); of the inferior intuitions or realizations of śrāvakas and pratyekabuddhas Gaṇḍavyūha 505.15; Daśabhūmikasūtra 62.19; 96.28—29; used absolutely, some- thing like enlightenment or spiritual realization in general, Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 10.12; Daśabhūmikasūtra 63.13; Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 54(80).10; listed among synonyms of nirvāṇa Mahāvyutpatti 1731; abhisamayāntika (see antika), ending in abhi° (realization? enlightenment? nirvāṇa?) Mahāvyutpatti 1208; 6891; abhisamayādhigamajñāna- Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 218.6, 7 (Suzuki enlightenment = an intuitive under- standing, for abhisamaya); (2) any of the three collective conversions of crowds of disciples, accomplished by Buddha; [Page058-b+ 71] so (and also dhammābhi°) in Pali, see Critical Pali Dictionary: Mahāvastu i.250.16; 251.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhisamaya (अभिसमय):—[=abhi-samaya] a See abhi-sam-√i.

2) Abhisamāyā (अभिसमाया):—[=abhi-sam-ā-√yā] to approach together, [Mahābhārata v, 1974.]

3) Abhisamaya (अभिसमय):—[=abhi-samaya] [from abhisam-i] b m. agreement, [Caraka]

4) [v.s. ...] clear understanding, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhisamaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhisamaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhisamaya (अभिसमय) [Also spelled abhisamay]:—(nm) a convention (written agreement).

context information


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