Abhisamaya; 4 Definition(s)
Abhisamaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
is the full and direct grasp of the Four Noble Truths by the Stream-winner (Sotāpanna; s. ariya-puggala).
In the Com. the term is represented by 'penetration' (pativedha, q.v.). Frequently occurring as dhammābhisamaya, 'realization of the doctrine'
Cf. S. XIII (Abhisamaya Samyutta) and Pts.M. (Abhisamaya Kathā).Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
abhisamaya : (m.) realisation; penetration.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Abhisamaya, (abhi + samaya, from sam + i, cp. abhisameti & sameti; BSk. abhisamaya, e. g. Divy 200, 654) “coming by completely”, insight into, comprehension, realization, clear understanding, grasp, penetration. See on term Kvu trsl. 381 sq. — Esp. in full phrases: attha° grasp of what is proficient S.I, 87 = A.III, 49 = It.17, cp. A.II, 46; ariyasaccānaṃ a. full understanding of the 4 noble truths S.V, 415, 440, 441 (cp. Divy 654: anabhisamitānāṃ caturnāṃ āryasatyānāṃ a.); Sn.758 (sacca° = sacc’âvabodha SnA 509); Miln.214 (catusacc°); Sdhp.467 (catusacc°), 525 (saccānaṃ); dhamm’âbhisamaya full grasp of the Dhamma, quasi conversion (cp. dharm’âbhisamaya Divy 200) S.II, 134; Miln.20, 350; VvA.219; PvA.9 etc. frequent; sammā-mān’âbhisamaya full understanding of false pride in ster. phrase” acchecchi (for acchejji) taṇhaṃ, vivattayi saññojanaṃ sammāmānâbhisamayā antam akāsi dukkhassa” at S.IV, 205, 207, 399; A.III, 246, 444; It.47; cp. māna° S.I, 188 = Th.2, 20 (tato mānâbhisamayā upasanto carissasi, trsl. by Mrs. Rh. D. in K. S. 239 “hath the mind mastered vain imaginings, then mayst thou go thy ways calm and serene”); Sn.342 (expld. by mānassa abhisamayo khayo vayo pahānaṃ SnA 344). Also in foll. passages: S.II, 5 (paññāya), 104 (id.), 133 sq. (Abhisamaya Saṃyutta); Sn.737 (phassa°, expld. ad sensum but not at verbum by phassa-nirodha SnA 509); Ps.II, 215; Pug.41; Vv 1610 (= saccapaṭivedha VvA.85); DA.I, 32; DhA.I, 109; VvA.73 (bhāvana°), 84 (sacchikiriya°); Dpvs.I, 31. —anabhisamaya not grasping correctly, insufficient understanding, taken up wrongly S.III, 260; Pug.21; Dhs.390, 1061, 1162 (Mrs. Rh. D. trsls. “lack of coordination”). (Page 71)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Abhisamaya (अभिसमय).—m. (= Pali id., in both mgs.; to abhi- sameti, q.v.), (1) comprehension, clear understanding; (spiritual) realization, intuitive grasp (of religious verities), in Pali especially grasp of the Law (dhamma) or the four noble truths (sacca); Tibetan mṅon par rtogs pa, clear com- prehension; compare Stcherbatskoy, Abhisamayālaṃkāra (Bibl. Buddhist 23), p.iii, ‘abhisamaya means direct intuition of the Absolute. Here it means the Path of attaining that in- tuition…a synonym of mārga;’ often in comp. with that which is comprehended: dharmābhi° Mv i.261.19; SP 328.11; Sukh 42.16; satyābhi° (as in Pali, above) Bbh 38.12; Divy 340.8 and 355.20 (in these two saha, preceding satyā°, should be taken as a separate word); Ud xx.2; āryasatyānām abhisamayāya Divy 654.26; jñānābhi° RP 34.12; prāpty-abhi° ŚsP 615.17 ff. (on prāpti compare AbhidhK. La V-P. ii.179 et passim); yogābhi° Laṅk 12.1; mārgābhi° LV 38.5 (realization, intuitive comprehension, of the Path); (śrāvaka-, pratyekabuddha-, and tathāgata-) yānābhi° Mvy 1261-3 (comprehension of the vehicles); of the inferior intuitions or realizations of śrāvakas and pratyekabuddhas Gv 505.15; Dbh 62.19; 96.28—29; used absolutely, some- thing like enlightenment or spiritual realization in general, Laṅk 10.12; Dbh 63.13; Dbh.g. 54(80).10; listed among synonyms of nirvāṇa Mvy 1731; abhisamayāntika (see antika), ending in abhi° (realization? enlightenment? nirvāṇa?) Mvy 1208; 6891; abhisamayādhigamajñāna- Laṅk 218.6, 7 (Suzuki enlightenment = an intuitive under- standing, for abhisamaya); (2) any of the three collective conversions of crowds of disciples, accomplished by Buddha; [Page058-b+ 71] so (and also dhammābhi°) in Pali, see CPD: Mv i.250.16; 251.2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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