Abhirupa, Abhirūpa: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Abhirupa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Abhirūpa is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप) refers to a “beautiful body”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (2) Victorious One (jīna) whose absolute body (dharmakāya) is the same as the manifested (prabhāvita) body, displayed his beautiful body (abhirūpa) as endowed with well-shaped forms (surūpa), having produced (prajanita) compassion (karuṇā) that brings benefits for living beings, reveals the supreme body which has the marks of hundredfold merits (śatapuṇya-lakṣaṇa). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhirupa in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

abhirūpa : (adj.) lovely; handsome.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhirūpa, (adj.) (abhi + rūpa) of perfect form, (very), handsome, beautiful, lovely Sn.410 (= dassaniya’aṅgapaccanga SnA 383); J.I, 207; Pug.52; DA.I, 281 (= aññehi manussehi adhikarūpa); VvA.53; PvA.61 (= abhikkanta). Occurs in the idiomatic phrase denoting the characteristics of true beauty abhirūpa dassanīya pāsādika (+ paramāya vaṇṇa-pokkharatāya samannāgata), e. g. Vin.I, 268; D.I, 47, 114, 120; S.II, 279; A.II, 86, 203; Nd2 659; Pug.66; DhA.I, 281 (compar.); PvA.46. (Page 68)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhirūpa (अभिरूप).—a S Resembling or like. 2 Handsome or beautiful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप).—a. [abhigato rūpam]

1) Corresponding with, conformable or suitable to, congruous; अभिरूपमस्या वयसो वल्कलम् (abhirūpamasyā vayaso valkalam) Ś.1.V.1.

2) Pleasing, delightful, handsome, charming, beautiful, well-formed; अभिरूपेणापि स्वदारसंतुष्टेन (abhirūpeṇāpi svadārasaṃtuṣṭena) K.51; उत्कृष्टायाभिरूपाय वराय सदृशाय च (utkṛṣṭāyābhirūpāya varāya sadṛśāya ca) (kanyāṃ dadyāt) Ms.9.88.

3) Dear to, beloved or liked by, favourite; यो यः प्रदेशः सख्या मेऽभिरूपः (yo yaḥ pradeśaḥ sakhyā me'bhirūpaḥ) Ś.6.

4) Learned, wise, enlightened; अभिरूपभूयिष्ठा परिषदियम् (abhirūpabhūyiṣṭhā pariṣadiyam) Ś.1; K.78; Ms. 3.144. cf. प्राप्तरूपाभिरूपौ द्वौ विद्वांसे सुन्दरेऽपि च (prāptarūpābhirūpau dvau vidvāṃse sundare'pi ca) Nm.

-paḥ 1 The moon.

2) Śiva.

3) Viṣṇu.

4) Cupid,

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.139.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. A learned Brahman, a Pandit. 2. A name of Kama. 3. Of the moon. 4. Of Siva. 5. Also of Vishnu. mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-pī-paṃ) 1. Learned. 2. Pleasing. 3. Handsome. E. abhi before rūpa to have form, affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप).—[abhi-rūpa], adj., f. . 1. Suitable. 2. Beautiful, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 88. 3. Learned, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 144.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप).—[adjective] suitable, apt, beautiful (also vant†); learned, wise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhirūpa (अभिरूप):—[=abhi-rūpa] mf(ā)n. corresponding with ([dative case]), conformable to, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] pleasing, handsome, beautiful, [Atharva-veda viii, 9, 9; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] wise, learned, [Manu-smṛti iii, 144; Śākaṭāyana]

4) [v.s. ...] m. the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Kāmadeva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप):—[bahuvrihi compound] or [tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-paḥ-pā-pam) 1) Pleas-ing, agreeable, beautiful; (Mathureśa, Bhānudīkṣita &c.: abhi lakṣyaṃ rūpamasya; Vardhamāna: śobhanaṃ rūpamasya . rūpamabhigata iti vā); e. g. Nal.: abhirūpaṃ mahātmānaṃ paravyūhavināśanam . yamanveṣasi rājānaṃ nalaṃ padmanibhekṣaṇam; or Patanj. on a Vārtt. to Pāṇ.: cañcā abhirūpaḥ ‘(a man like) a beautiful strawpuppet’ (Kaiyyaṭa: tṛṇamayaḥ puruṣaścañcā tatsadṛśo manuṣyaścañcā . saṃjñāyāmiti vihitasya kano lup . manuṣya iti lup).

2) Resembling, conform; e. g. Śatap.: aindryobhirūpā dvādaśa bhavanti &c.

3) Learned, wise; e. g. Mahābh. Śāntip.: abhirūpaiḥ kule jātairdakṣairbhaktairbahuśrutaiḥ . sarvā buddhīḥ parīkṣethāstāpasāśramiṇāmapi (Arjunam.: abhirūpaiḥ paṇḍitaiḥ). [For the abstract noun comp. ābhirūpaka and ābhirūpya.] 2. m.

(-paḥ) 1) A name or epithet of: [a.]) Kāma, [b.]) Viṣṇu, [c.]) Śiva.

2) The moon. [Śabdaratnāv.: abhirūpo budhe ramye kāmenduharaviṣṇuṣu; but amongst the thousand names of Viṣṇu in the Mahābhārata this name does not occur, nor amongst the same amount of names of Śiva in the Padmapurāṇa.] E. abhi and rūpa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप):—[abhi-rūpa] (paḥ) m. A pundit; Kāma. a. Learned; handsome.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhirūpa (अभिरूप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ahirūva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhirupa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhirūpa (ಅಭಿರೂಪ):—

1) [adjective] corresponding with; comfortable or suitable to; congruous.

2) [adjective] pleasing; delightful; beautiful; handsome.

3) [adjective] learned; wise; enlightened.

--- OR ---

Abhirūpa (ಅಭಿರೂಪ):—

1) [noun] a learned man; a scholar; a specialist in a particular branch of learning.

2) [noun] a clearly manifested form.

3) [noun] a proper, suitable man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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