Abhilasa, Abhilāsā, Abhilāsa, Abhilasha: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Abhilasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष, “longing”) refers to the first of the ten stages of love (kāma) arising in a woman (strī) and men (puṃs) alike, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष).—One of the ten stages of love (kāma);—Longing (abhilāṣa) arises from efforts born of desire and wish for the beloved one, and leads to the means, of meeting him. One goes out of the place where one is or enters it or stays within his sight, and shows signs of amour in the first stage of love.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष) refers to one of the five kinds of the Vipralambha variety of Śṛṅgāra (“the erotic sentiment”) which represents one of the nine kinds of Rasa (“soul of Drama”), according to the Kāvyaprakāśa of Mammaṭa.—Rasa or Sentiment is a very important component in poetry. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa both the terms viraha and vipralambha are used to denote the second variety of śṛṇgāra sentiment. But most of the Rhetoricians of Sanskrit poetics like Mammaṭa and Viśvanāthakavirāja use the term vipralambha only. In the Kāvyaprakāśa of Mammaṭa, vipralambha-śṛṇgāra is divided into five kinds, e.g., abhilāṣa.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष):—Desire, Fond of

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (ayurveda)

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष) refers to a “desire (for certain tastes)”, according to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā (Khilasthāna, verse 9.43-45ab) in a chapter on abdominal swelling caused by vitiation of the blood.—Accordingly, “Listen to the cause of that which produces the cravings [of a seemingly pregnant woman with raktagulma]. Generally, there is desire (abhilāṣa) for those tastes which cause an increase of the bodily constituents because of the true similarity of their origin. [When] the vitiated blood has a Vāta or Pitta [imbalance] and is accumulating, it fuels desire for tastes such as [those which are] acrid, sour, salty and so on”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Abhilasa in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष) refers to “desire”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, as Vajrāṅga said to Brahmā: “In order to achieve his interest, Indra killed the foetus of my mother. He has now tasted the fruit thereof. Well may he rule over his kingdom. O Brahmā, I did this only at the bidding of my mother. I have no desire for the enjoyments [i.e., bhoga-abhilāṣa] of any one of the worlds. O Brahmā, foremost of those who know the Vedas, tell me the essence of real philosophy whereby I can ever remain happy, pleased in heart and free from aberrations. [...]”.

2) Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष) [=abhilākhya?] refers to an auspicious moment, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.10 (“The burning of the Tripuras”).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “[...] On being eulogised by Viṣṇu, Brahmā and other gods, lord Śiva desired to reduce the three cities to ashes with his arrow. In the auspicious moment called Abhilāṣa [abhilākhya-muhūrte tu] he drew the bow and made a wonderful and unbearable twanging sound. He addressed the great Asuras and proclaimed his own name. Śiva discharged an arrow that had the refulgence of countless suns. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Jaiva-dharma

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष) refers to the three types of desire (i.e., Ruci)—If prema is compared to the sun, bhāva can be compared to a ray of the sun. The constitutional nature of bhāva is that it is a ray of the sun of prema, and its unique characteristic is that it purifies the heart of the jīva and thus causes the heart to become softened or melted.

The word ruci signifies three desires. These are:

  1. the desire to attain the service of Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa (prāpti-abhilāṣa),
  2. the desire to do that which is favorable for Kṛṣṇa’s pleasure (anukūlya-abhilāṣa), and
  3. the desire to serve Kṛṣṇa with love and affection (sauhārda-abhilāṣa).
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhilasa in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

abhilāsā : (f.) wish; desire.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhilāsa, (Sk. abhilāṣa, abhi + laṣ) desire, wish, longing PvA.154. (Page 69)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhilāṣa (अभिलाष).—m (S) Covetousness, craving, greedy desire after. Ex. karitāṃ paradārēcā abhilāṣa || kōṇa kadhīṃ pāvalā yaśa || 2 Embezzlement or fraudulent appropriation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhilāṣa (अभिलाष).—m Covetousness, craving, greed, desire for.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष).—(°saḥ sometimes) A desire, wish, longing for, craving after; affection, longing of a lover, love, (usually with loc. of the object of desire); अतोऽभिलाषे प्रथमं तथाविधे मनो बबन्ध (ato'bhilāṣe prathamaṃ tathāvidhe mano babandha) R.3.4; भव हृदय साभिलाषम् (bhava hṛdaya sābhilāṣam) Śiśupālavadha 27; Meghadūta 112. साभिलाषं निर्वर्ण्य (sābhilāṣaṃ nirvarṇya) Ś.3 casting a coveting or wistful look; न खलु सत्यमेव शकुन्तलायां ममाभिलाषः (na khalu satyameva śakuntalāyāṃ mamābhilāṣaḥ) Ś.2, Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5. 67; sometimes with प्रति (prati) and acc., or in comp.

Derivable forms: abhilāṣaḥ (अभिलाषः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष).—nt. (in Sanskrit m.), desire: Mahāvastu ii.65.13 °ṣam utpannam.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) Wish, desire. E. abhi, and laṣ to like, ghañ aff.; also abhilāsa.

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Abhilāsa (अभिलास).—m.

(-saḥ) Wish, desire. E. See abhilāṣa; the root being laṣa, or lasa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष).—i. e. abhi-laṣ + a, m. Desire, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 182, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष).—[masculine] desire, wish ([locative] or —°); poss. ṣin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष):—[=abhi-lāṣa] [from abhi-laṣ] (or less correctly abhi-lāsa) m. (ifc. f(ā). ), desire, wish, covetousness, affection (with [locative case] or ifc.)

2) Abhilāsa (अभिलास):—[=abhi-lāsa] [from abhi-laṣ] (or more correctly abhi-lāṣa) m. (ifc. f(ā). ), desire, wish, covetousness, affection (with [locative case] or ifc.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-ṣaḥ) Desire, craving, covetousness; e. g. Vijnāneśvara on Manu (kāmāddaśaguṇaṃ, scil. daṇḍyaḥ &c.): kāmaḥ strīvyatikarābhilāṣaḥ; or Kirātārj.: yastyaktavānvaḥ sa vṛthā balādvā mohaṃ vidhatte viṣayābhilāṣaḥ; or Nyāya S.: pretyāhārābhyāsakṛtātstanyābhilāṣāt; or Sāṅkhya Prav.: yathā duḥkhāddūṣeḥ puruṣasya na tathā sukhādabhilāṣaḥ; or Daśakumārach.: nṛtyotthitā ca sā siddhilābhaśodhinī kiṃ vilāsātkimabhilāṣātkimakasmādeva na jāne &c.; or an Aśvaśāstra: aśvavāhanādyabhilāṣaiḥ śvetāśvaḥ sarvakāmadaḥ.—Amongst the works on poetry which distinguish in their definition of Love (see śṛṅgāra), Love under difficulties (see vipralambha) and Love the course of which runs smooth (see saṃbhoga), the Kāvyaprakāsa mentions abhilāṣa or longing as one (the first in the given enumeration) of the five erotic conditions of the first kind; the Sāhityadarp. which subdivides ‘Love under difficulties’ into four categories, names longing (abhilāṣaḥ spṛhā) as one (the first in the given enumeration) of the ten erotic conditions of the pūrvarāga or ‘affection arising from hearing or sight before the lovers meet’, which is the first of those subdivisions; either work quoting as an instance the verse of the Mālatīm., ed. Calc. p. 76, line 4 &c. Similarly the Saṅgītadāmodara. Bharata as quoted by Śaṅkara on the Śākuntala, calls ‘longing’ the commencement of love (prathame tvabhilāṣaḥ syāt, and in the same words the Saṅgītad.) when Śāk. v. 22. (ed. Boehtlingk) or v. 24. (ed. Williams) would be an instance. An example, however, of abhilāṣa as belonging to the other description of the Erotic (the saṃbhoga), is in the verse of the Bhaṭṭik.: āliṅgitāyāḥ sahasā trapāvāṃstrāsābhilāṣānugato ratādau viśvāsitāyā ramaṇena badhvā vimardaramyo madano babhūva.—[An objectionable reading is abhilāsa, for the word is given in the form abhilāṣa not only in the commentaries on the Dhātupāthas s. r. laṣ (not s. r. las), but as an antyamūrdhanya in the chapter on orthography of the Viśvapr. and amongst the words that contain a only in a similar treatise by Purushottama.] E. laṣ with abhi, kṛt aff. ghañ.

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Abhilāsa (अभिलास):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-saḥ) The same as abhilāṣa of which it is given as a various reading; this form, however, is objectionable; comp. the remark s. v. abhilāṣa. [Bharatam. on the Amarak.: abhilāṣaḥ . abhilāsopi dantyāntaḥ; Nārayaṇa: abhilāṣaḥ . abhilāsaḥ; Nīlak.: abhilāṣaḥ . abhilāsopītyeke.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष):—[abhi-lāṣa] (ṣaḥ) m. Wish, desire.

2) Abhilāsa (अभिलास):—[abhi-lāsa] (saḥ) m. Wish, desire.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhilāṣa (अभिलाष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Abhilāsa, Ahilāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhilasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhilasa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhilāṣā (अभिलाषा):—(nf) desire, yearning, longing, craving, wish; also ~[ṣa] (nf); ~[ṣī] wishing; desiring; a wisher.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Abhilasa (अभिलस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Abhilaṣ.

2) Abhilāsa (अभिलास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Abhilāṣa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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