Abhicara, Abhicāra, Ābhicāra: 16 definitions



Abhicara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhichara.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Abhicara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Abhicāra (अभिचार) refers to “black magic”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Bṛhaspati said to Indra:—“[...] there is the presiding deity of sacrifices who dispenses the fruits of all sacrifices. He does it with reference to the performer. He is not independent of the performer. Neither Mantras nor medicinal herbs, nor black magic [viz., abhicāra], nor worldly activities, nor the Vedas, nor the two systems of Mīmāṃsās, nor other sacred texts based on Vedic passages are able to know Śiva—so the ancient authorities say. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ābhicāra (आभिचार).—Incantations done by purohita and ministers for defeating the enemy—according to Bhaṇḍa;1 Brhaspati did this on behalf of Indra to vanquish Rāji's sons.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 97.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 19.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Abhicāra (अभिचार) refers to “black magic” or “witchcraft”.

Source: Professor Gudrun Bühnemann: Buddhist Deities and Mantras in the Hindu Tantras

Abhicāra (अभिचार):—The following seven abhicāra rites are listed in the Tantrasārasaṃgraha (cf. also Agni-Purāṇa 306.1) and the Mantrapāda:

  1. immobilization (stambha),
  2. causing dissension (vidveṣa),
  3. eradication (uccāṭa),
  4. liquidation (māraṇa),
  5. creating confusion or madness (bhrānti, bhrama),
  6. destruction (utsādana)
  7. and creating illness (roga, vyādhi), especially fever.

These rites are briefly defined in the anonymous commentary on the Tantrasārasaṃgraha.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhicāra (अभिचार).—n S Incantation or magic to destroy or injure.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhicāra (अभिचार).—n Incantation or magic employ- ed for malevolent purposes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhicara (अभिचर).—A follower, servant, attendant.

Derivable forms: abhicaraḥ (अभिचरः).

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Abhicāra (अभिचार).—

1) Exorcising, enchanting, employment of magical spells for malevolent purposes; magic itself (being regarded as one of the Upapātakas or minor sins); दिग्गजैर्दन्दशूकैश्च अभिचारावपातनैः (diggajairdandaśūkaiśca abhicārāvapātanaiḥ) Bhāg 7.5.43; अभिचारेषु सर्वेषु कर्तव्यो द्विशतो दमः (abhicāreṣu sarveṣu kartavyo dviśato damaḥ) Ms.9.29;11.63.197; K.19; ब्रह्मद्विषो ह्येष निहन्ति सर्वानाथर्वणस्तीव्र इवाभिचारः (brahmadviṣo hyeṣa nihanti sarvānātharvaṇastīvra ivābhicāraḥ) Mv. 1.62.

2) Killing गतः क्रियां मन्त्र इवाभिचारिकीम् (gataḥ kriyāṃ mantra ivābhicārikīm) Ki 3.56.

Derivable forms: abhicāraḥ (अभिचारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhicara (अभिचर).—m.

(-raḥ) A servent. E. abhi after, and cara who goes.

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Abhicāra (अभिचार).—m.

(-raḥ) Magic for a malevolent purpose, the spells and diagrams of the Atharva Veda and some of the Tantras, pupposed to produce mental aberration, love, hatred, loss of feeling or paralysis, and death. E. abhi before cara to go, and ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhicāra (अभिचार).—i. e. abhi-car + a, m. Incantation, making charms for mischievous purposes, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 197.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhicāra (अभिचार).—[masculine] incantation, sorcery.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhicara (अभिचर):—[=abhi-cara] [from abhi-car] m. a servant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Abhicāra (अभिचार):—[=abhi-cāra] [from abhi-car] m. exorcising, incantation, employment of spells for a malevolent purpose, [Atharva-veda etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] magic (one of the Upapātakas or minor crimes).

4) Abhīcāra (अभीचार):—[=abhī-cāra] [from abhi-car] a m. exorcising, incantation, [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra]

5) [=abhī-cāra] b See abhi-√car.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Abhicara (अभिचर):—(von car mit abhi) m. Begleiter, Diener [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 39.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 496.]

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Abhicāra (अभिचार):—(wie eben) m. Behexung, Bezauberung [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 19.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 830.] mā tvā.prāpaccha.atho.mābhicā.aḥ [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 11, 1, 22. 8, 2, 26. 10, 3, 7. 19, 9, 9] [?(pl.). Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 2, 3, 5. 15, 7, 35.] abhicārābhiśāpābhyāṃ mohastṛṣṇābhijāyate [Suśruta 2, 406, 8.] abhicāreṣu sarveṣu kartavyo dviśato damaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 290. 11, 63. 197.] [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 36, 19.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 16, 10.] abhicārakāṇḍe [MALL.] zu [Kirātārjunīya 10, 10.]

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Ābhicāra (आभिचार):—m. = abhicāra aus metrischen Rücksichten [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 66, 35.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Abhicara (अभिचर):—m. Begleiter , Diener.

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Abhicāra (अभिचार):—m. Behexung , Bezauberung. kalpa m. Titel eines Werkes.

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Abhīcāra (अभीचार):—m. Behexung [Āpastamba’s Dharmasūtra 1,29,15.]

--- OR ---

Ābhicāra (आभिचार):—m. = abhicāra Behexung.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of abhicara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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