Abhibhu, Abhibhū: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Abhibhu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Abhibhu (अभिभु).—He was a King, the son of the King of Kāśī and a relative of the Pāṇḍavas. He was killed by the son of King Vasudāna. He had a most wonderful horse. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 151, Verse 63; Karṇa Parva, Chapter 6, Verses 23-24; Droṇa Parva, Verses 26-27).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Abhibhū (अभिभू) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Abhibhū) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Abhibhu - Chief disciple of Sikhi Buddha (D.ii.9; J.i.41; Bu.xxi.20). In the Arunavati Sutta it is said that he went with Sikhi to a Brahma world and, at the Buddhas request, preached a sermon to the accompaniment of great magical powers. He proved that by using just such speech as if he were preaching to a gathering of monks, he could, standing in the Brahma world, make his voice heard by its thousand realms (S.i.154f). The verses spoken on this occasion are, in the Theragatha, ascribed to Abhibhuta (v.1147-8).

In the Anguttara Nikaya (i.226f.; AA.i.436f ) we find Ananda asking the Buddha how far Abhibhus powers bore relation to those of a Buddha, and the Buddha replying that Abhibhu was a mere disciple, and proceeding to describe the immeasurable powers of the Tathagata.

Abhibhu was a brahmin because we find him so addressed in the Arunavati Sutta referred to above, but in the Buddhavamsa Commentary (p.202) he is spoken of as a rajaputta.

In the Patisambhidhamagga Commentary (488f ) his story is given as an example of vikubbana iddhi whereby a person could make himself seen in many places at the same time. We are told that he developed nilakasina, to attract to himself the attention of the world systems.

The Thera Adhopupphiya had been a hermit in Himava during the time of Sikhi Buddha and had offered flowers to Abhibhu. Ap.i.128-9.

2. Abhibhu - A class of devas belonging to the Arupa plane (M.i.1). They live in the same plane as the Vehapphala. In the Mulapariyaya Sutta the word is used to denote all the Asannasattadeva. Buddhaghosa explains the word by saying abhibhavi ti Abhibhu; kim abhibhavi ti ? cattaro khandhe, arupino. They are beautiful and long lived, and are therefore considered to be eternal and identical with Brahma (MA.i.30). In the Brahmanimantanika Sutta (M.i.329) the Buddha claims to be Abhibhu (=the conqueror).

3. Abhibhu - The name of a Bodhisatta who obtained vivarana under Gotama. He will become the sixth Buddha after Gotama. Anagata Vamsa, p.37.

1. Abhibhu Sutta - On the immeasurableness of a Buddhas powers. A.i.226f.; also called the Sihanada Sutta in the Commentary.

2. Abhibhu Sutta - On the eight stages or stations of mastery over the senses (abhibhayaphanani) (A.iv.305f).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhibhu in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

abhibhū : (m.) conqueror; overlord.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhibhū, (n.-adj.) (Vedic abhibhū, fr. abhi + bhū, cp. abhibhavati) overcoming, conquering, vanquishing, having power over, a Lord or Master of (-°) D.III, 29; S.II, 284; Sn.211 (sabba°), 545 (Māra°, cp. Mārasena-pamaddana 561), 642. — Often in phrase abhibhū anabhibhūta aññadatthudasa vasavattin, i. e. unvanquished Lord of all D I 18; III, 135 = Nd2 276; A.II, 24; IV, 94; It.122; cp. DA.I, 111 (= abhibhavitvā ṭhito jeṭṭhako’ham asmīti). (Page 67)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhibhū (अभिभू).—1. P.

1) To overcome, subdue, conquer, vanquish (of persons or things); prevail over, predominate, defeat; (hence) excel, surpass; अभिभवति मनः कदम्बवायौ (abhibhavati manaḥ kadambavāyau) Ki.1.23; अभिभूय विभूतिमार्तवीम् (abhibhūya vibhūtimārtavīm) R. 8.36;4.56;6.29,16.1; K.52,53; Mu.3.2; Ms. 7.5; धर्मे नष्टे कुलं कृत्स्नमधर्मोऽभिभवत्युत (dharme naṣṭe kulaṃ kṛtsnamadharmo'bhibhavatyuta) Bg.1.4 predominates over, overpowers; so शोकाभिभूत, विपद्°, काम° (śokābhibhūta, vipad°, kāma°) &c.

2) To attack, seize or fall upon, assail; विपदोऽभिभवन्त्य- विक्रमम् (vipado'bhibhavantya- vikramam) Ki.2.14; अभ्यभावि भरताग्रजस्तया (abhyabhāvi bharatāgrajastayā) R.11.16,84; Bṛ. S.33.3; ममापि सत्त्वैरभिभूयन्ते गृहाः (mamāpi sattvairabhibhūyante gṛhāḥ) Ś.6 infested; परित्रायध्वं मामनेन मधुकरेणाभिभूयमानाम् (paritrāyadhvaṃ māmanena madhukareṇābhibhūyamānām) Ś.1. attacked, troubled; अभ्यभून्निलयं भ्रातुः (abhyabhūnnilayaṃ bhrātuḥ) Bk.6.117.

3) To humiliate, mortify, insult, disrespect; अण्डभङ्गाभिभूता (aṇḍabhaṅgābhibhūtā) Pt.1.

4) To go up to, turn to or towards (Ved.); अभी षु णः सखीनामविता जरितॄणाम् । शतं भवास्यूतिभिः (abhī ṣu ṇaḥ sakhīnāmavitā jaritṝṇām | śataṃ bhavāsyūtibhiḥ) Rv.4.31.3.

5) To be victorious or prosperous; पुष्यात् क्षेमे अभि योगे भवात्युभे (puṣyāt kṣeme abhi yoge bhavātyubhe) Rv.5.37.5. -Caus. To overpower, surpass, defeat &c.

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Abhibhu (अभिभु) or Abhibhū (अभिभू).—Ved.

1) One who surpasses or prevails over, a superior.

2) Pride (ahaṃkāra); त्वं महानभिभूः (tvaṃ mahānabhibhūḥ) Mb.1.23.18.

Derivable forms: abhibhuḥ (अभिभुः), abhibhūḥ (अभिभूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhibhū (अभिभू).—(f.; not in this sense in Pali; = abhibhv- āyatana, q.v.), supremacy: abhibhuvas…aṣṭau Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) vii.9 (commentary abhibhvāyatana); sarvalokābhibhū ([bahuvrīhi]), xx-xxi.44.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhibhu (अभिभु).—= abhibhava adj.

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Abhibhū (अभिभू).—= abhibhava adj.

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Abhibhū (अभिभू).—be against, surpass, overcome, oppress, harass, humiliate; turn to, approach or present with ([instrumental]).

Abhibhū is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms abhi and bhū (भू).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhibhū (अभिभू):—[=abhi-bhū] 1. abhi-√bhū to overcome, overpower, predominate, conquer, surpass, overspread;

—to attack, defeat, humiliate;

—to approach, come near to ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda iv.31, 3; Atharva-veda];

—to be victorious or prospering in ([locative case]), [Ṛg-veda v, 37, 5.]

2) Abhibhu (अभिभु):—[=abhi-bhu] [from abhi-bhū] mfn. one who surpasses, a superior (with or without [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] (Compar. abhibhūtara, [Ṛg-veda viii, 97, 10])

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a month, [Kāṭhaka]

5) Abhibhū (अभिभू):—[=abhi-bhū] 2. abhi-bhū mfn. one who surpasses, a superior (with or without [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] (Compar. abhibhūtara, [Ṛg-veda viii, 97, 10])

7) [v.s. ...] (Compar. abhibhūtara, [Ṛg-veda viii, 97, 10])

8) [v.s. ...] of a prince of the Nāgas, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhibhu (अभिभु):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-bhuḥ) Overpowering, defeating, a con-queror; e. g. Atharv.: tamimaṃ devatā maṇiṃ mahyaṃ dadatu puṣṭaye . abhibhum &c. Comp. the following. E. bhū with abhi, kṛt aff. ḍu.

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Abhibhū (अभिभू):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-bhūḥ) I.

1) The same as the preceding; e. g. Ṛgv.: sa (scil. indraḥ) pauṃsyebhirabhibhūḥ; or Ṛgv. or Sāmav. or Atharv.: viśvāḥ pṛtanā abhibhūtaraṃ (the great conqueror) naraḥ sajūstatakṣurindram.

2) The name or epithet of one of the divinities invoked in the ceremony annahoma (q. v.) of the Aśvamedha sacrifice. E. bhū with abhi, kṛt aff. kvip. Ii. Being everywhere; e. g. Vājas.: abhibhūrasyetāste pañca diśaḥ kalpantām (Mahīdh.: he akṣa yadvā he yajamāna tvamabhibhūrasi . abhibhavitā . abhito vyāptāsi). E. abhi and bhū.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhibhū (अभिभू) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Abhibhava, Ahihava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhibhu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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