Abhibhava: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Abhibhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhibhav.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Abhibhava (अभिभव) refers to “(being) overpowered (by enemies)”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “When kings are overpowered (abhibhava) by enemies with an army (or: by strong enemies), when cities are burnt down and the Kings’ army is driven away, when people in various districts do not have access to food [and other goods] — if the kingdom is thus oppressed by the enemies’ army, oh Great Sage, and if in this inadequate situation the King’s enemies are unimpeded, he should have a sixteen-armed Sudarśana constructed [and properly installed, for his power is] without obstacles”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Abhibhava in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Abhibhava (अभिभव) refers to “defeat (of oneself )” (in dreams), according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.21-27, while describing inauspicious dreams]—“[...] [He dreams of] the destruction of houses, palaces, beds, clothes, and seats; defeat of oneself  (abhibhavaātmano'bhibhavaṃ) in battle and theft of ones things. [He] ascends or is amongst donkeys, camels, dogs, jackals, and herons, vultures, and cranes. [He rides on] buffalos, owls, and crows, eats cooked meat, [wears a] red garland, and ointment for the body. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Abhibhava in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Abhibhava (अभिभव) refers to a “defect” (Cf. Viparyaya—‘mistake’), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (9). The Buddha has no loss of mindfulness.—He has no loss of mindfulness.—[...] [Question].—First it was said that the Buddha has no failure of mindfulness and now it is said that he has no loss of mindfulness. Are the absence of failure of mindfulness and the absence of loss of mindfulness the same or different? If they are the same, why repeat it; if they are different, what does the difference consist of? [Answer].—Failure of mindfulness is a mistake (viparyaya); loss of mindfulness is a defect (abhibhava). Failure of mindfulness is an error in the postures, the way one holds one’s head, comes or goes; non-loss of mindfulness is the mindfulness lasting during the concentrations and the superknowledges, the unhindered penetration of the past and the present. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhibhava in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhibhava, (fr. abhibhavati) defeat, humiliation SnA 436. (Page 67)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhibhava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhibhava (अभिभव).—m S Defeat, discomfiture, rout.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhibhava (अभिभव).—m Defeat, discomfiture.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhibhava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhibhava (अभिभव).—

1) Defeat, subjugation, subjection, overpowering; इतरेतरानभिभवेन मृगास्तमुपासते गुरुमिवान्तसदः (itaretarānabhibhavena mṛgāstamupāsate gurumivāntasadaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 6.34 (cf. K.45 and the Bible "The wolf shall also dwell with the lamb" &c.); 8.28; स्पर्शानुकूला इव सूर्यकान्तास्तद- न्यतेजोभिभवाद्वमन्ति (sparśānukūlā iva sūryakāntāstada- nyatejobhibhavādvamanti) Ś.2.7 when assailed, opposed, overpowered by another energy; अभिभवः कुत एव सपत्नजः (abhibhavaḥ kuta eva sapatnajaḥ) R. 9.4.4.21.

2) Being overpowered जराभिभवविच्छायम् (jarābhibhavavicchāyam) K. 346; being attacked or affected, stupefied (by fever &c.); न रोगशान्तिर्न चाभिभवः (na rogaśāntirna cābhibhavaḥ) Suśr.

3) Contempt, disrespect; निरभिभवसाराः परकथाः (nirabhibhavasārāḥ parakathāḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.64.

4) Humiliation, mortification (of pride); अलभ्यशोकाभिभवेयमाकृतिः (alabhyaśokābhibhaveyamākṛtiḥ) Kumārasambhava 5. 43; K.195.

5) Predominance, prevalence, rise, spread; अधर्माभिभवात्कृष्ण प्रदुष्यन्ति कुलस्त्रियः (adharmābhibhavātkṛṣṇa praduṣyanti kulastriyaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.41; Kirātārjunīya 2.37.

Derivable forms: abhibhavaḥ (अभिभवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhibhava (अभिभव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Defeat, subjugation. 2. Humiliation, disgrace. E. abhi implying inferiority, and bhava being; from bhū to be, and ap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhibhava (अभिभव).—i. e. abhi-bhū + a, m. 1. The being overpowered, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 40. 2. Defeat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhibhava (अभिभव).—[adjective] predominant, superior. [masculine] predominance, superiority, overthrow, humiliation, defeat (also abhibhavana [neuter]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhibhava (अभिभव):—[=abhi-bhava] a See 1. abhi-√bhū below.

2) [=abhi-bhava] [from abhi-bhū] b mfn. overpowering, powerful, [Atharva-veda i, 29, 4]

3) [v.s. ...] m. prevailing, overpowering, predominance, [Bhagavad-gītā etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] defeat, subjugation under ([instrumental case] or [ablative], or in [compound])

5) [v.s. ...] disregard, disrespect

6) [v.s. ...] humiliation, mortification.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhibhava (अभिभव):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-vaḥ) 1) The being overpowered or op-pressed, defeat, discomfiture; e. g. Hitopad.: balavānapi nistejāḥ kasya nābhibhavāspadam; or Bhaṭṭik.: badhena saṃkhye piśitāśanānāṃ kṣatrāntakasyābhibhavena caiva . āḍhyaṃbhaviṣṇuḥ &c.; or tvayādya laṅkābhibhavetiharṣādduṣṭo…ntarātmāḥ or figuratively: Śakunt.: sparśānukūlā iva sūryakāntāstadanyatejobhibhavādvamanti ‘like as the sun-stones, agreeable to the touch (if left undisturbed in their position) emit fire when they are overpowered by other (i. e. by the sun’s) fire’, (not: ‘when other fire comes to them’, as has been proposed to render this passage); or Atharv.: abhīvarto bhibhavaḥ sapatnakṣayaṇo maṇiḥ, ‘the magic jewel which is …defeat’, i. e. by which defeat is worked.

2) Becoming latent, ceasing apparently to exist; in this sense esp. in philosophical writings; e. g. Nyāya S.: abhivyaktau cābhibhavāt; or Yoga S.: vyutthānanirodhasaṃskārayorabhibhavaprādurbhāvau nirodhalakṣaṇacittānvayo nirodhapariṇāmaḥ; or Ved. Sūtra: anabhibhavaṃ ca darśayati (Śaṅkara: “…eṣa hyātmā na naśyati yaṃ brahmacaryeṇānuvindate”…); or Sāṅkhyakār.: saukṣmyādvyavadhānādabhibhavāt… [Iswarak.: (scil. satāmapyarthānāmanupalabdhiḥ) yathā sūryatejasābhibhūtā grahanakṣatratārakādayo nopalabhyante].

3) Humiliation, abatement of pride, (comp. abhibhūta 4.); e. g. Bhartṛh.: nirabhibhavasārāḥ parakathāḥ. E. bhū with abhi, kṛt aff. ap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhibhava (अभिभव):—[abhi-bhava] (vaḥ) 1. m. Defeat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhibhava (अभिभव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abhibhava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhibhava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhibhava in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhibhava (अभिभव) [Also spelled abhibhav]:—(nm) defeat; onslaught, attack.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhibhava in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Abhibhava (अभिभव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Abhibhū.

2) Abhibhava (अभिभव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Abhibhava.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhibhava in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhibhava (ಅಭಿಭವ):—

1) [noun] the fact of being defeated; defeat; subjugation.

2) [noun] the act or fact of the price, dignity being hurt; humiliation; the state of being humbled.

3) [noun] lack of respect or esteem; disrespect.

4) [noun] difficulty; distress.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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