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Aṭala, aka: Atala; 3 Definition(s)


Aṭala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Aṭala can be transliterated into English as Atala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1a) Atala (अतल).—1 —a thigh of the cosmic Puruṣa; is dependent on the loins of the Puruṣa.2 An underworld, ruled by Bala, son of Maya.3 The fourth world of pink (pīta) soil and residence of daityas like Kālanemi.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 27.
  • 2) Ib. II. 5. 40.
  • 3) Ib. V. 24. 7 & 16.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 12, 14, 32-34.

1b) An underworld of dark earth; here is the house of Namuci, the Indra of the Asuras besides those of Śaṅkukarṇa, Nāgas, Rākṣasas, etc. White soil.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 11, 13 and 15-19. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 2, 3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands of The Seven Lower Worlds.—Atala: the Patāka hand twisted downwards is applicable.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Buddhism


Aṭala, (adj.) (cp. Sk. aṭṭa & aṭṭālaka stronghold) solid, firm, strong, only in phrase aṭaliyo upāhanā strong sandals M. II, 155 (vv. ll. paṭaliye & agaliyo) = S. I, 226 (vv. ll. āṭaliyo & āṭaliko). At the latter passage Bdhgh. expls. gaṇaṅgaṇ-ûpāhanā, Mrs. Rh. D. (Kindred Sayings I. 291) trsls. “buskined shoes". (Page 15)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 9 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Loka (लोक, “cosmos”).—According to Jainism, the shape of the Cosmos is fixed and ucnhangable. F...
Balā (बला) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the pu...
Pātāla (पाताल, “nether regions”) is the name of a region where Nāgas are born and assume forms ...
1) Bhīmā (भीमा).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the...
Rasātala (रसातल) refers to the “nether world”; it is a Sanskrit technical term d...
Vyāhṛti (व्याहृति).—Daughters of Savitā;1 three in number.21) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 1...
Gaṇa (गण) is a Sanskrit name referring to a group of deities, attending Maheśvara at his dwe...
1a) Hāṭaka (हाटक).—A liquid by administering which a person feels rejuvenated; used in At...
Namuci (नमुचि).—A son of Vipracitti. Lord of the Asuras, hostile to Indra;1 a resident o...

Relevant text

Search found 14 books containing Aṭala or Atala. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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