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Aṅkuśa, aka: Ankusa, Ankusha, Aṅkusa, Aṅkuśā; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aṅkuśa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Aṅkuśa (अङ्कुश) refers to a weapon (“hook”, “elephant goad”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

about this context:

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Purāṇa

Aṅkuśa (अङ्कुश):—It was probably not a weapon of war, and was probably used only to control elephants.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Aṅkuśā (अङ्कुशा).—A Śakti on the Drāviṇikā mudrā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 36. 76.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including religious ceremonies, various arts, sciences and historical legends. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Aṅkuśa or the elephant goad is a weapon consisting of a sharp metal hook attached to a wooden handle.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Aṅkuśa (अंकुश, ‘elephant-goad’) is a weapon (āyudha or bādhra) according to the Vāstusūtra Upaniṣad.

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

about this context:

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Aṅkuśa (Elephant Goad) - Incentive to continue in spiritual practice and the application of the teachings. The urging of the guru which drives us to practice and apply. Also - the control of anger.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

The elephant goad (aṅkuśa) of Gaṇeśa — represents perseverance on the path of spiritual practice. The spiritual path is very arduous and difficult but if we are committed then Gaṇeśa when propitiated will prod us by means of the Goad, and guide us to our supreme destination — union with the Divine. But that incentivization will require pain and suffering!!

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Inner Circle IV

In Buddhism

Mahāsāṃghika (school of early Buddhism)

Aṅkuśa (अङ्कुश) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Aṅkuśa is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

about this context:

The Mahāsāṃghika (महासांघिक, mahasanghika) is an early school of Buddhism which split into three sub-schools: the Lokottaravāda, the Ekavyāvahārika and the Kukkuṭika. It is commonly seen as an important foundation for the development of Mahāyāna Buddhism.

Pali

Aṅkusa, (Vedic aṅkuśa; to anc, see aṅka2) a hook, a pole with a hook, used (1) for plucking fruit off trees, a crook J.I, 9 (°pacchi hook & basket); V, 89 = VI, 520 (pacchikhanitti°), 529 (= phalānaṃ gaṇhanatthaṃ aṅkusaṃ). ‹-› (2) to drive an elephant, a goad (cp patoda & tutta) Vin.II, 196 (+ kasā); J.VI, 489; ThA.173 (ovādaṃ aṅkusaṃ katvā, fig. guide); Sdhp.147 (daṇḍ°). — (3) N. of a certain method of inference in Logic (naya), consisting in inferring certain mental states of a general character from respective traits where they are to be found Nett 2, 4, 127; Nett A 208;— acc° beyond the reach of the goad D.II, 266 (nāga). See also aṅkusaka.

—gayha (the art) how to grasp and handle an eleph.‹-› driver’s hook M.II, 94 (sippa). —gaha an eleph.-driver Dh.326. (Page 6)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

aṅkusa : (m.) a pole with a hook used for plucking fruits or to guide an elephant.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Search found 7 books containing Aṅkuśa, Ankusa, Ankusha, Aṅkusa or Aṅkuśā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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