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Śākavarga, aka: Shaka-varga; 1 Definition(s)

Introduction

Śākavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Śākavarga can be transliterated into English as Shakavarga or Sakavarga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Śākavarga (शाकवर्ग) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “pot-herbs/vegetables”, of which the leaves, stems and fruits are used. It was and originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXVII. The name is derived from the words śāka (translating to ‘vegetable’, but alternatively refers to a potherb) and varga, translating to “group” or “family”. It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda.

The following plants are described as pertaining to this category:

  1. Pāṭhā,
  2. Kāsamarda,
  3. Śaṭī,
  4. Vāstuka,
  5. Suniṣaṇṇaka,
  6. Kākamācī,
  7. Rājakṣavaka,
  8. Kālaśāka,
  9. Cāṅgerī,
  10. Upodikā,
  11. Taṇḍulīya,
  12. Maṇḍūkaparṇī,
  13. Vetrāgra,
  14. Kucelā,
  15. Vanatiktaka,
  16. Karkoṭaka,
  17. Bākucī,
  18. Paṭola,
  19. Śakulādanī,
  20. Vāsā / Vṛṣa,
  21. Śārṅgeṣṭā,
  22. Kembūka,
  23. Kaṭhillaka,
  24. Nāḍī,
  25. Kalāya,
  26. Gojihvā,
  27. Vārtāka,
  28. Tilaparṇikā,
  29. Kulaka,
  30. Karkaśa,
  31. Nimba,
  32. Parpaṭaka,
  33. Phañji,
  34. Cillī,
  35. Kutumbaka,
  36. Āluka,
  37. Kuṭiñjara,
  38. Śana,
  39. Śālmali,
  40. Karbudāra,
  41. Suvarcalā,
  42. Niṣpāva,
  43. Kovidāra,
  44. Pattūra,
  45. Cuccuparṇikā,
  46. Kumārajīva,
  47. Loṭṭāka,
  48. Pālaṅkyā, 
  49. Māriṣa,
  50. Kalamba,
  51. Nālikā,
  52. Āsurī,
  53. Kusumbha,
  54. Vṛkadhūmaka,
  55. Lakṣmaṇā,
  56. Cakramarda,
  57. Nalinīkā,
  58. Kuṭheraka,
  59. Loṇikā,
  60. Yavaśāka,
  61. Kūṣmāṇḍaka,
  62. Avalguja,
  63. Yātuka,
  64. Śālakalyāṇī,
  65. Triparṇī,
  66. Pīluparṇikā,
  67. Śaṇa,
  68. Vaṭa,
  69. Undumbara,
  70. Aśvattha,
  71. Plakṣa,
  72. Padma,
  73. Vatsādanī,
  74. Gaṇḍīra,
  75. Citraka,
  76. Śreyasī,
  77. Bilvaparṇī,
  78. Bilva,
  79. Bhaṇḍī,
  80. Śatāvarī,
  81. Balā,
  82. Jīvantī,
  83. Parvaṇī,
  84. Parvapuṣpī,
  85. Lāṅgalikā,
  86. Eraṇḍa,
  87. Tila,
  88. Vetasa,
  89. Trapusa,
  90. Ervāruka,
  91. Alābu,
  92. Cirbhaṭa,
  93. Kūṣmāṇḍa,
  94. Kelūṭa,
  95. Kadamba,
  96. Nadīmāṣaka,
  97. Ainduka,
  98. Utpala,
  99. Tālapralamba,
  100. Kharjūra,
  101. Tāla,
  102. Tarūṭa,
  103. Krauñcādana,
  104. Kaśeruka,
  105. Śṛṅgāṭaka,
  106. Aṅkaloḍya,
  107. Muñjātaka,
  108. Vidārīkanda,
  109. Amlikā,
  110. Sārṣapa,
  111. Piṇḍāluka,
  112. Chattra (various).

The collection of herbs named Śākavarga is one of the seven groups that were classified based on its dietic value.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.

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