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Īryāpatha, aka: Irya-patha; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Īryāpatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ):—What is the bearing (īryāpatha) of the Buddha? The bearing is the four physical movements or postures:

  1. walking (caṅkrama), Like the king of the elephants (nāgarāja), the Buddha turns his body in order to look.
  2. standing (sthāna), He sits cross-legged with his body upright.
  3. sitting (niṣīdana), He always lies down on his right side and places his knees one on top of the other.
  4. lying down (śayyā), When he eats, he is not attached to the taste; for him, good and bad food are the same.

As for the postures (īryāpatha) of the dharmakāya Buddhas, they are: In one single stride (ekena padena), they traverse, in the east, universes as many as the sands of the Ganges, and the sermons (dharamdeśana) of their brahmic voice (brahmasvara) has the same range.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Treatise on the Great Virtue of Wisdom, Volume V

1) īryā-patha [iriyā-patha] ways of movement. The Sanskrit root īr means to go or to move. Īryā-patha connotes bodily postures, namely, walking, standing, sitting and lying. In the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta these postures are mentioned as objects of contemplation. The purpose behind considering them as objects of contemplation is that while walking the aspirant fully understands that walking is a mere action; there is no agent behind the action. Thus he remains free from the notion of an eternal soul.

2) iriyā-patha (lit. 'ways of movement'): 'bodily postures', i.e. going, standing, sitting, lying. In the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta (s. Satipaṭṭhāna), they form the subject of a contemplation and an exercise in mindfulness.

"While going, standing, sitting or lying down, the monk knows 'I go', 'I stand', 'I sit', 'I lie down'; he understands any position of the body." - "The disciple understands that there is no living being, no real ego, that goes, stands, etc., but that it is by a mere figure of speech that one says: 'I go', 'I stand', and so forth." (Com.).

Source: Buddhist Door Glossary: Buddhist Door Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Hemacandra says the īryā-patha may be taken in the literal sense as “the path of one’s going” or it may be understood to mean “the line of conduct of an ascetic” the primary infraction of which would be at the destruction of any form of life: the import of the sūtra remains in either case the same.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Yoga: A Survey of the Mediaeval Śrāvakācāras

Irya-patha (Influx of karmas caused by vibrations without passions).

Source: Jainworld: Moksha Marg Prakashak - Glossary

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Relevant text

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