Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

The Five Divisions (Second Division )

Prv.21.2.1 Founded on two reasons the rule of training was laid down for disciples by the Tathāgata for the excellence of the Order, for the comfort of the Order[1]: founded on these two reasons the rule of training was laid down for disciples by the Tathāgata. Founded on two reasons … for the restraint of evil-minded men, for the dwelling in comfort of well behaved monks: founded on these two reasons the rule of training was laid down for disciples by the Tathāgata. Founded on two reasons … for the restraint of the cankers belonging to the here and now, for combating the cankers belonging to future states … for the restraint of dreadful actions[2] belonging to the here and now,[3] for the combating of dreadful actions belonging to future states[4] … for the restraint of blamable actions belonging to BD.6.366 the here and now,[5] for the combating of blamable actions belonging to future states … for the restraint of fears[6] belonging to the here and now, for the combating of fears belonging to future states … for the restraint of unskilled things belonging to the here and now,[7] for the combating of unskilled things belonging to future states … out of compassion for householders,[8] for breaking up the factions of evil-minded (individuals)[9] … for pleasing those who are not yet pleased and for increasing the number of those who are pleased[10] … for establishing True Dhamma, and for protecting Discipline. Founded on these two reasons the rule of training was laid down for disciples by the Tathāgata.

Concluded is the Second Division: on Reasons

Footnotes and references:

1.

For the first three pairs see e.g. Vin.3.21; also AN.i.98 for all the pairs.

2.

vera, Cf. AN.iii.204.

3.

Offences against the first five sīlas, see AN.iii.204.

4.

Of which the result will be anguish.

5.

The same as the dreadful actions, Vin-a.1412.

6.

Vin-a.1412 says the fears belonging to the here and now are of the formal acts of censure and so on, the suspension of the Observance and the Invitation, and the formal act of Information (for which see Kd.17.3.2).

7.

The five dreadful things, and the ten unskilled ways of acting (see AN.v.266).

8.

That they might guard their faith.

9.

Vin-a.1413 refers this to the rule for eating a group-meal (Bu-Pc.32).

10.

As at Vin.3.21.