Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Upāli-Pentads (Division 1: Independantly)

Prv.17.1.1 BD.6.291 Vin.5.180 At that time the Buddha, the Lord was staying near Sāvatthī in the Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika’s monastery. Then the venerable Upāli approached the Lord; having approached and greeted the Lord he sat down at a respectful distance. As he was sitting down at a respectful distance, the venerable Upāli spoke thus to the Lord, “Possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should a monk not live independently for as long as life lasts?”

“If a monk is possessed of five qualities,[1] Upāli, he should not live independently for as long as life lasts. Of what five? If he does not know the Observance,[2] if he does not know the formal act for the Observance,[3] if he does not know the Pātimokkha,[4] if he does not know the recital of the Pātimokkha,[5] if it is less than five years (since his ordination). Possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk should not live independently for as long as life lasts.

Possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk may live independently for as long as life lasts. Of what five? If he knows the Observance … the formal act for the Observance … if it is five years or more than five years (since his ordination). Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.2 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, he should not live independently for as long as life lasts. Of what five? If he does not know the Invitation, if he does not know the formal act for the Invitation, if he does not know the Pātimokkha, if he does not know the recital of the Pātimokkha, if it is less than five years (since his ordination). Possessed of these five qualities …

Possessed of five qualities, Upāli a monk may live independently for as long as life lasts. Of what five? If he knows BD.6.292 the Invitation … if it is five years or more than five years (since his ordination). Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.3 If a monk is possessed of five further qualities … he should not live independently. Of what five? If he does not know what is an offence and what is not an offence, if he does not know what is a slight and what a serious offence, if he does not know an offence that can be done away with and one that cannot be done away with, if he does not know what is a very bad offence and what is not a very bad one, if it is less than five years (since his ordination). Possessed of these five qualities …

Possessed of five qualities … may live independently. Of what five? If he knows what is an offence and what is not an offence … if it is five years or more than five years (since his ordination). Possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk may live independently for as long as life lasts.”

Prv.17.1.4 Vin.5.181 “If a monk is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should he not ordain, not give guidance, and a novice not attend him?”

“If a monk is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, he should not ordain, he should not give guidance, a novice should not attend him. Of what five? If he is not competent to tend or get (another) to tend a pupil or one who shares a cell and is ill, to allay or get (another) to allay dissatisfaction that has arisen, to dispel or get (another) to dispel, by means of Dhamma, remorse that has arisen,[6] to lead him in what pertains to Dhamma,[7] to lead him in what pertains to Discipline.[8] Possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk should not ordain, he should not give guidance, a novice should not attend him.

Possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk may ordain, he may give guidance, a novice may attend him. Of what five? If he is competent to tend … to lead him in what pertains to Discipline. Possessed of these five qualities … a novice may attend him.

Prv.17.1.5 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities … a novice should not attend him. Of what five? If he is not BD.6.293 competent to train a pupil or one who shares a cell in the training regarding the fundamentals of conduct, to lead him in the training regarding the fundamentals of the Brahma-faring,[9] to lead him in the higher morality, to lead him in the higher thought, to lead him in the higher wisdom.[10] Possessed of these five qualities … a novice should not attend him.

Possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk may ordain, he may give guidance, a novice may attend him. Of what five? If he is competent … to lead him in the higher wisdom. Possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk may ordain, he may give guidance, a novice may attend him.”

Prv.17.1.6 “If a monk is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should a formal act (against him) be carried out?”

“If a monk is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a formal act (against him) should be carried out. Of what five? If he is unconscientious, and ignorant, and not a regular monk,[11] and if he is one of wrong view, and has fallen away from a right mode of livelihood. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a formal act should be carried out against him.

Prv.17.1.7 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, a formal act (against him) should be carried out. Of what five? If, as regards morality, he has fallen away from moral habit, if, as regards behaviour, he has fallen away from good behaviour, if, as regards view, he has fallen away from right view,[12] and if he is of wrong view, and has fallen away from a right mode of livelihood. Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.8 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities … Of what five? If he is possessed of bodily frivolity … of verbal frivolity … of bodily and verbal frivolity,[13] Vin.5.182 if he is one of wrong view, if he has fallen away from a right mode of livelihood. Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.9 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities … If he is possessed of bodily bad behaviour … verbal bad behaviour … bodily and verbal bad behaviour,[14] and if he is of wrong view, and has fallen away from a right mode of livelihood. Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.10 BD.6.294 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities if he is possessed of harming by means of body … harming by means of speech … harming by means of body and speech,[15] and if he is of wrong view, and has fallen away from a right mode of livelihood. Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.11 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities … If he is possessed of wrong bodily mode of livelihood … wrong verbal mode of livelihood … wrong bodily and verbal mode of livelihood,[16] and if he is of wrong view, and has fallen away from a right mode of livelihood. Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.12 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities … If having fallen into an offence and a (formal) act has been carried out against him, he ordains, gives guidance, makes a novice attend him,[17] if he consents to an agreement as to an exhorter of nuns,[18] if, even though agreed upon, he exhorts nuns.[19] Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.13 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities … If he falls into that same offence for which a formal act was carried out (against him) by an Order, or into another that is similar, or into one that is worse,[20] if he finds fault with the formal act, if he finds fault with one who carried it out.[21] Possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.1.14 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, a formal act should be carried out against him. Of what five? If he speaks dispraise of the Buddha, if he speaks dispraise of Dhamma, if he speaks dispraise of the Order, and if he is one of wrong view, and if he has fallen away from a right mode of livelihood. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a formal act should not be carried out against him.”

The First Division: on Independently

Its Summary

Observance, Invitation, and offence, one who is ill,
Fundamentals of conduct, and unconscientious, as to
morality, and frivolity, /
Wrong behaviour, harming, wrong, and as to offence itself,
BD.6.295 That offence for which, of the Buddha:
the Compendium of the First Division.

Footnotes and references:

1.

Cf. Vin.5.131.

2.

Vin-a.1371, he does not know the ninefold Observance.

3.

Vin-a.1371, fourfold (as given at Vin.1.111).

4.

Vin-a.1371, the two mātikās.

5.

Vin-a.1371, fivefold for monks (as at Vin.1.112), fourfold for nuns.

6.

To here see Vin.1.64 (Kd.1.36.10).

7.

Also at Vin.1.64 (Kd.1.36.12), but not in the same pentad as the first three clauses in this paragraph.

8.

Also at Vin.1.64 (Kd.1.36.12), but not in the same pentad as the first three clauses in this paragraph.

9.

Also at Vin.1.64 (Kd.1.36.12).

10.

Apparently not in the relevant material at Vin.1.

11.

These first three clauses are in the Triads, Vin.5.122.

12.

These first three clauses are in the Triads, Vin.5.122.

13.

These first three clauses are in the Triads, Vin.5.122.

14.

These first three clauses are in the Triads, Vin.5.122.

15.

These first three clauses are in the Triads, Vin.5.122.

16.

These first three clauses are in the Triads, Vin.5.122.

17.

These first three clauses are in the Triads, Vin.5.122.

18.

Cf. Kd.11.5.1 for these five clauses.

19.

Cf. Kd.11.5.1 for these five clauses.

20.

First three clauses at Vin.5.122.

21.

All five clauses at Kd.11.5.1.