Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

As To Graduation (6. Sextets)

  1. Prv.7.6.1 Six forms of irreverence.[1]
  2. Six forms of reverence.[2]
  3. Six matters that are trained in.[3]
  4. Six “proper courses”.[4]
  5. Six originations of offences.[5]
  6. Six offences involving cutting down.[6] BD.6.215
  7. In six ways does one fall into an offence.[7]
  8. Six advantages for an expert in Discipline.[8]
  9. Six “at most”.[9]
  10. One may be away, separated from that robe for six nights.[10]
  11. Six Vin.5.134 (kinds of) robe-material.[11]
  12. Six (kinds of) dyes.[12]
  13. Six offences originate from body and thought, not from speech.[13]
  14. Six offences originate from speech and thought, not from body.[14]
  15. Six offences originate from body and speech and thought.[15]
  16. Six (formal) acts.[16]
  17. Six roots of disputes.[17]
  18. Six roots of censure.[18]
  19. In length six spans of the accepted span.[19]
  20. In breadth six spans.[20]
  21. Six nullifications of guidance from a teacher.[21]
  22. Six supplementary layings down about bathing.[22]
  23. Taking a robe that is imperfectly executed he goes away.[23]
  24. Taking with him a robe that is imperfectly executed he goes away.[24]
  25. A monk who is possessed of six qualities may ordain, he may give guidance, a novice may attend him: if he is possessed of an adept’s body of moral habit … body of concentration … body of wisdom … body of freedom … body of the vision and knowledge of freedom, if he is of ten years’ standing or more than ten years’ standing.[25]
  26. And a monk who is possessed of six further qualities may ordain … a novice may attend him: if he is possessed of an adept’s body of moral habit and encourages another as to an adept’s body of moral habit … if he is himself possessed of an adept’s body of the vision and BD.6.216 knowledge of freedom and encourages another as to an adept’s body of the vision and knowledge of freedom, if he is of ten years’ standing or more than ten years’ standing.[26]
  27. And a monk who is possessed of six further qualities may ordain … novice may attend him: if he comes to have faith, if he comes to feel shame, if he comes to be cautious, if he comes to be of stirred up energy, if he comes to be of ready mindfulness if he is of ten years’ standing or of more than ten years’ standing.[27]
  28. And a monk who is possessed of six further qualities may ordain … a novice may attend him: if, in regard to moral habit, he has not fallen away from moral habit; if, in regard to good habits, he has not fallen away from good habits; if, in regard to (right) view, he has not fallen away from right view; if he has heard much; if he is intelligent; if he is … of more than ten years’ standing.[28]
  29. And a monk who is possessed of six further qualities may ordain … a novice may attend him; if he is competent to tend or get another to tend a pupil or one who shares a cell who is ill, to allay or get another to allay dissatisfaction that has arisen, to dispel or get another to dispel, by means of Dhamma, remorse that has arisen, if he knows what is an offence, if he knows the removal of an offence, if he is … of more than ten years’ standing.[29]
  30. And a monk who is possessed of six further qualities may ordain … a novice may attend him: if he is competent to make a pupil or one who shares a cell train in the training regarding the fundamentals of conduct, to lead him in the training regarding the fundamentals of the Brahma-faring, to lead him in what pertains to Dhamma, to lead him in what pertains to Discipline, to discuss or get another to discuss, by means of Dhamma, a false view that has arisen, if he is of … more than ten years standing.[30]
  31. And a monk who is possessed of six further qualities may ordain … a novice may attend him: if he knows what is an offence, if he knows what is not an offence, if he knows what is a slight offence, if he knows what is a serious offence, if the two Pātimokkhas in full have been properly handed down to him, properly sectioned, properly regulated, properly investigated clause by clause and in respect of the linguistic form, if BD.6.217 he is … of more than ten years’ standing.[31]
  32. Six suspensions of the Pātimokkha are not legally valid.[32]
  33. Six suspensions of the Pātimokkha are legally valid.[33]
  34. Concluded are the Sextets

    Its Summary

    Irreverences, and reverences,
    trained in, and “proper courses” too,
    Originations, and also cuttings down,
    ways, and about advantage, /
    And “at mosts”, six nights,
    robe-material, and dyes,
    Six too from body and mind,
    as well as six from speech and mind, /
    And from body, speech and mind,
    (formal) acts, and also dispute,
    Censure, and in length,
    breadth, and about guidance, /
    Supplementary layings down,
    taking, and similarly taking with one,
    Adepts, one who encourages,
    faith, and in regard to moral habit,
    Ill, fundamentals of conduct,
    offence, not legally valid, legally valid.

Footnotes and references:

1.

See Vin.5.92.

2.

See Vin.5.92.

3.

See Vin.5.92.

4.

Bu-Ss.13 (Vin.3.186), Bu-NP.10, Bu-NP.22, Bu-Pc.34, Bu-Pc.71, Bu-Pc.84. Vin-a.1339 these six are in the Monks’ Pātimokkha only. Nuns’ Bi-Ss.13 is in “the seven proper courses” at Vin.5.134, at beginning of the Septets.

5.

See Vin.5.92.

6.

Same as the five intended at the beginning of Prv6.5 (Vin.5.128) with the addition of Nuns’ Bi-Pc.22.

8.

These six are the same as the five advantages given towards end of 6.5 with the addition of “the Observance is his responsibility”, tass’ ādheyyo uposatho.

9.

Identified as Bu-NP.1, Bu-NP.3, Bu-NP.7, Bu-NP.10, Bu-NP.14, Bu-NP.16 by Vin-a.1340 which names another eight “at most” and gives the method for constructing other sextets.

10.

Vin-a.1340 refers to this clause, chārattaṃ ticīvarena vippavasitabbaṃ, as one of the other “at mosts”. Probably it should read with Vin.3.263 and Vin-a.1340 tena cīvarena instead of ticīvarena.

13.

Vin-a.1340 refers us to the three “cycles” in the Anantarapeyyāla.

14.

Vin-a.1340 refers us to the three “cycles” in the Anantarapeyyāla.

15.

Vin-a.1340 refers us to the three “cycles” in the Anantarapeyyāla.

16.

Vin-a.1340 identifies these as the four (formal) acts of censure, guidance, banishment and reconciliation (see Vin.1.49); the (formal) acts for not seeing and for not making amends for an offence—to be taken as one (formal) act; and the one act for not giving up a pernicious view. A different set of six (formal) acts is given at Vin.1.317.

17.

Vin-a.1340 identifies these as the four (formal) acts of censure, guidance, banishment and reconciliation (see Vin.1.49); the (formal) acts for not seeing and for not making amends for an offence—to be taken as one (formal) act; and the one act for not giving up a pernicious view. A different set of six (formal) acts is given at Vin.1.317.

18.

See above Prv.4.1.14.

23.

Vin-a.1340 says these two cycles are in the Kaṭhinakkhandhaka, i.e. at Kd.4.1 and Kd.5.1.

24.

Vin-a.1340 says these two cycles are in the Kaṭhinakkhandhaka, i.e. at Kd.4.1 and Kd.5.1.

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