Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Nuns’ Analysis: on How many Offences? (Pācittiya)

Division 1: on Garlic

Nuns’ Pācittiya 1

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.1 BD.6.106 Eating garlic she falls into two offences: if she accepts it thinking, “I will eat,” the offence is one of wrong-doing; for every mouthful there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 2

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.2 Letting the hair of the body grow she falls into two offences: when she lets it grow there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has let it grow there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 3

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.3 Slapping with the palms of the hands she falls into two offences: as she slaps, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has slapped there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 4

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.4 Taking an application of lac she falls into two offences: as she takes it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has taken it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 5

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.5 Taking an ablution with water consisting of more than (a measure of) two finger-joints she falls into two offences … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.4.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 6

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.6 Standing with drinking water or with a fan close to a monk while he is eating she falls into two offences: if she stands within a reach of the hand there is an offence of Expiation; if she stands having left a reach of the hand there is an offence of wrong-doing.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 7

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.7 Eating raw grain having had it asked for she falls into two offences: if she accepts it, thinking, “I will partake of it,” there is an offence of wrong-doing; for each mouthful there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 8

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.8 Throwing out excrement or urine or rubbish or the remains of food over a wall she falls into two offences: as she throws it out, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has thrown it out there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 9

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.9 Throwing out excrement … or the remains of food on to the crops …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 10

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.10 Going to see dancing or singing or music she falls into two offences: as she goes there is an offence of wrong-doing, standing where she sees or hears there is an offence of Expiation.

The First Division: that on Garlic

Division 2: on the Dark of the Night

Nuns’ Pācittiya 11

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.11 Standing together with a man, the one with the other, in the dark of the night when there is no light she falls into two BD.6.107 offences: if she stands within the reach of a hand there is an offence of Expiation; if she stands having left the reach of the hand there is an offence of wrong-doing.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 12

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.12 Standing together with a man, the one with the other, in a secluded place …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 13

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.13 Vin.5.75 Standing together with a man, the one with the other, in an open place …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 14

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.14 Standing together with a man, the one with the other, on a carriage-road or in a cul-de-sac or at a cross-roads …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 15

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.15 Departing without asking the owner (for permission) after having approached families before a meal she falls into two offences: if she lets the first foot cross a place sheltered from the rain there is an offence of wrong-doing; if she lets the second foot cross there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 16

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.16 Sitting down on a seat without asking the owner (for permission) having approached families after a meal she falls into two offences: as she sits down, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has sat down there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 17

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.17 Sitting down on a sleeping-place which she has spread or has caused to be spread without asking the owner (for permission) after having approached families at a wrong time, she falls into two offences: as she sits down, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has sat down there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 18

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.18 Because of a misapprehension, because of a misunderstanding, making (someone) look down on another she falls into two offences: as she makes (someone) look down on, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has made (someone) look down on there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 19

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.19 Cursing herself or another with Niraya or with the Brahma-faring she falls into two offences: as she curses, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has cursed there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 20

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.20 Weeping, having struck herself again and again she falls into two offences: if she strikes and weeps there is an offence of Expiation; if she strikes (but) does not weep there is an offence of wrong-doing.

The Second Division: on the Dark of the Night

Division 3: on Bathing

Nuns’ Pācittiya 21

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.21 BD.6.108 Bathing naked she falls into two offences: as she is bathing in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has bathed there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 22

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.22 Having a bathing-cloth made exceeding the (proper) measure she falls into two offences: as she is having it made, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has had it made there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 23

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.23 Neither sewing nor making an effort to get sewn a nun’s robe that she has unsewn or caused to be unsewn, she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 24

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.24 Missing going about in an outer cloak for five days … one offence …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 25

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.25 Wearing a robe that should be handed back she falls into two offences: while she wears it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has worn it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 26

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.26 Putting an obstacle in the way of a group’s receiving robe-material she falls into two offences: as she puts it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has put it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 27

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.27 Holding back a legally valid division of robe-material she falls into two offences: as she holds it back, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has held it back there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 28

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.28 Giving recluses’ robe-material to a householder or a wanderer or a female wanderer she falls into two offences: as she is giving, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has given there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 29

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.29 Vin.5.76 Letting a robe-season pass when the expectation of robe-material is not sure she falls into two offences: as she lets it pass, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has let it pass there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 30

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.30 Holding back a legally valid removal of the kaṭhina (privileges) she falls into two offences … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.27.

The Third Division: on Bathing

Division 4: on Sharing

Nuns’ Pācittiya 31

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.31 Two nuns sharing one couch fall into two offences: as they lie down, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when they have lain down there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 32

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.32 BD.6.109 Two nuns sharing one covering-cloth …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 33

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.33 Intentionally causing discomfort to a nun she falls into two offences: as she causes it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has caused it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 34

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.34 Neither attending to an ailing (woman) who lives with her nor making an effort to get her attended to she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 35

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.35 After giving quarters to a nun, theft being angry, displeased, throwing her out she falls into two offences: as she throws her out, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has thrown her out there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 36

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.36 Not giving up (her course) though being admonished up to the third time a nun who keeps company falls into two offences: following the motion there is an offence of wrong-doing; at the end of the resolutions there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 37

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.37 Walking without a weapon on almstour within (her own) region (when this is) agreed upon as dangerous, frightening she falls into two offences: as she goes along, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has gone along there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 38

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.38 Walking … outside (her own) region … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.37.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 39

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.39 Walking on almstour during the rains, she falls into two offences: as she goes along …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 40

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.40 Not setting out on almstour after she has kept the rains a nun falls into one offence: Expiation.

The Fourth Division: on Sharing

Division 5: on a Picture-Gallery

Nuns’ Pācittiya 41

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.41 Going to see a king’s pleasure house or a picture gallery or a park or a pleasure grove or a lotus pond, she falls into two offences: as she is going there is an offence of wrong-doing; standing where she sees there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 42

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.42 Making use of a sofa or a divan she falls into two offences: she makes use, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has made use there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 43

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.43 Spinning yam she falls into two offences: as she spins, in e action there is an offence of wrong-doing; for every running-up there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 44

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.44 BD.6.110 Doing household work she falls into two offences: as she does it there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has done it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 45

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.45 Vin.5.77 When one is being spoken to by a nun, saying, “Come lady, settle this legal question,” and having answered, “Very good,” but neither settling it nor making an effort to get it settled, she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 46

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.46 Giving with her own hand solid food or soft food to a householder or a wanderer or a female wanderer, she falls into two offences: as she gives it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has given it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 47

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.47 Making use of a household robe, not having given it up, she falls into two offences: as she makes use of it, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has made use of it there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 48

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.48 Setting out on almstour without having given up her dwelling she falls into two offences: as she makes the first foot cross the enclosure there is an offence of wrong-doing; as she makes the second foot cross there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 49

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.49 Learning worldly knowledge she falls into two offences: as she learns, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; for every line there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 50

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.50 Teaching worldly knowledge she falls into two offences: as she teaches, in the action …

The Fifth Division: on a Picture-Gallery

Division 6: on a Monastery

Nuns’ Pācittiya 51

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.51 Knowingly entering a monastery with monks (in it) without asking (for permission) she falls into two offences: as she makes the first foot cross the enclosure … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.48.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 52

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.52 Reviling and abusing a monk she falls into two offences: as she is reviling, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing, when she has reviled there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 53

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.53 Being quick-tempered and abusing a group, she falls into two offences: as she is abusing, in the action there is an offence o wrong-doing; when she has abused there is an offence o Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 54

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.54 Partaking of solid food or soft food when she has been invited or has been satisfied, she falls into two offences: as BD.6.111 she accepts it thinking, “I will eat, I will partake of” there is an offence of wrong-doing; for every mouthful there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 55

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.55 Being grudging as to families she falls into two offences: as she grudges, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has grudged there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 56

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.56 Spending the rains in a residence where there is no monk she falls into two offences: if she thinks, “I will spend the rains” (and) prepares a lodging, provides drinking water and water for washing, sweeps a cell, there is an offence of wrong-doing; with sunrise there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 57

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.57 Not “inviting” both Orders in respect of three matters, a nun who has kept the rains falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 58

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.58 Not going for exhortation or for communion she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 59

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.59 Not asking (the date of) the Observance day and not approaching for exhortation … one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 60

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.60 Making burst, together with a man, the one with the other, a boil or a scab that has formed on the lower part of her body (and) not having obtained permission from an Order or a group Vin.5.78 she falls into two offences: as she makes it burst, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has burst it there is an offence of Expiation.

The Sixth Division: on a Monastery

Division 7: on a Pregnant Woman

Nuns’ Pācittiya 61

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.61 Ordaining a pregnant woman she falls into two offences: as she ordains her, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has ordained her there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 62

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.62 Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.63 Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.64 Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.65 Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.66 Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.67 Ordaining a woman giving suck … a probationer who has not trained for two years in the six rules … a probationer who has trained for two years in the six rules but is not agreed upon by the Order … a girl married for less than twelve years … a girl married for a full twelve years who has not trained for two years in the six rules … a girl married for a full twelve years who has trained for two years in the six rules but is not agreed upon by the Order, she falls into two offences: as she ordains her, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has ordained her there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 68

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.68 BD.6.112 Ordaining the woman who lives with her (but) for two years neither helping her nor having her helped she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 69

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.69 Not waiting on an ordained woman instructor for two years … one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 70

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.70 Having ordained the woman who lives with her (but) neither withdrawing her nor having her withdrawn … one offence: Expiation.

The Seventh Division: on a Pregnant Woman

Division 8: on a Maiden

Nuns’ Pācittiya 71

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.71 Ordaining a maiden under twenty years of age … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.61.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 72

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.72 Ordaining a maiden who has completed twenty years of age (but) has not trained for two years in the six rules …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 73

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.73 Ordaining a maiden who has completed twenty years of age and has trained for two years in the six rules but is not agreed upon by the Order …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 74

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.74 Ordaining while she is less than twelve years (of standing) …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 75

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.75 Ordaining when she has completed twelve years (of standing) but is not agreed upon by the Order …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 76

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.76 Afterwards engaging in criticism when on being told, “You have ordained sufficiently, lady, for the time being,” and having answered, “Very good,” she falls into two offences: while she is criticizing, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has criticized there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 77

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.77 Neither ordaining nor making an effort to get a probationer ordained to whom she has said, “If you, lady, will give me a robe, I will ordain you,” she falls into one offence: Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 78

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.78 Vin.5.79 Saying to a probationer, “If you, lady, will wait on me for two years, I will ordain you” … Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 79

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.79 Ordaining a probationer who is keeping company with men, keeping company with youths, who is violent, a dwelling-place of grief … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.71.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 80

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.80 Ordaining a probationer without the consent of (her) parents or (her) husband …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 81

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.81 Ordaining a probationer by showing favouritism (to monks) placed on probation …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 82

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.82 BD.6.113 Ordaining every year …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 83

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.83 Ordaining two (probationers) in one year …

The Eighth Division: on a Maiden

Division 9: on Sunshade and Sandals

Nuns’ Pācittiya 84

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.84 Using a sunshade and sandals she falls into two offences: as she is using them, there is an offence of wrong-doing in the action; when she has used (them) there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 85

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.85 Going in a vehicle she falls into two offences: as she is going, there is an offence of wrong-doing in the action; when she has gone there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 86

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.86 Wearing a petticoat … see Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.84.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 87

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.87 Wearing women’s ornaments …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 88

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.88 Bathing with perfume and paint she falls into two offences: as she bathes, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; at the end of the bathing there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 89

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.89 Bathing with scented ground sesamum …

Nuns’ Pācittiya 90–93

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.90 Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.91 Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.92 Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.93 Causing herself to be rubbed (with ointment) and causing herself to be massaged by a nun … a probationer … a woman novice … a woman householder she falls into two offences: as she causes herself to be rubbed (with ointment), in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has caused herself to be rubbed there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 94

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.94 Sitting down on a seat in front of a monk without asking (for permission) she falls into two offences: as she sits down, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has sat down there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 95

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.95 Asking a question of a monk who has not given permission she falls into two offences: as she asks, in the action there is an offence of wrong-doing; when she has asked there is an offence of Expiation.

Nuns’ Pācittiya 96

Prv.2.2:Bi-Pc.96 Entering a village without wearing a vest she falls into two offences: as she makes the first foot cross the enclosure there is an offence of wrong-doing; as she makes the second foot Cross there is an offence of Expiation.

The Ninth Division: on Sunshade and Sandals

Concluded is the Minor (Class)