Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Monks’ Analysis: on the Laying-Down-Where (Sekhiya)

Division 1: on All Round

Monks’ Sekhiya 1

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.1 Where was that offence of Wrong-doing laid down by that Lord who knows, who sees, perfected one, Fully Self-Awakened One for dressing, out of disrespect, with the inner robe hanging down in front or behind?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks dressed with the inner robe hanging down in front and behind … One laying down[1] … He originates it by one origin; he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Sekhiya 2

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.2 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, putting on the upper robe hanging down in front or behind … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.1; instead of inner robe read upper robe.

Monks’ Sekhiya 3, 4

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.3 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, going amid the houses having uncovered the body. as before.

Monks’ Sekhiya 4, 5

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.4 Vin.5.29 Offence of Wrong-doing for … sitting down amid the houses having uncovered the body …

Monks’ Sekhiya 5, 6

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.5 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.6 Offence of Wrong-doing for … going (sitting down) amid the houses making play with hand or foot …

Monks’ Sekhiya 7, 8

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.7 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.8 Offence of Wrong-doing for … going (sitting down) amid the houses looking about here and there …

Monks’ Sekhiya 9, 10

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.9 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.10 Offence of Wrong-doing for going (sitting down) amid the houses with (the robes) lifted up out of disrespect …

The First Division: that on All Round

Division 2: on Loud Laughter

Monks’ Sekhiya 11, 12

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.11 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.12 BD.6.44 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, going (sitting down) amid the houses with loud laughter. It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks went (sat down) amid the houses laughing a great laugh … One laying down[2] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Sekhiya 13, 14

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.13 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.14 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, going (sitting down) amid the houses making a loud noise, a great noise The group of six monks went (sat down) amid the houses making a loud noise, a great noise … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.11.

Monks’ Sekhiya 15, 16

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.15 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.16 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, going (sitting down) amid the houses swaying the body … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Sekhiya 17, 18

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.17 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.18 … swaying the arms … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.15.

Monks’ Sekhiya 19, 20

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.19 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.20 … swaying the head … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.15.

The Second Division: that on Loud Laughter

Division 3: on Arms Akimbo

Monks’ Sekhiya 21, 22

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.21 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.22 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, going (sitting down) amid the houses with the arms akimbo …

Monks’ Sekhiya 23, 24

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.23 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.24 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, going (sitting down) amid the houses muffled up … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks, having dressed themselves including their heads in the upper robes, went (sat down) amid the houses …

Monks’ Sekhiya 25

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.25 Offence of Wrong-doing for … going amid the houses crouching down on the heels …

Monks’ Sekhiya 26

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.26 Offence of Wrong-doing for … sitting down amid the houses lolling …

Monks’ Sekhiya 27

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.27 Vin.5.30 Offence of Wrong-doing for … accepting almsfood inattentively …

Monks’ Sekhiya 28

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.28 Offence of Wrong-doing for … accepting almsfood while looking about here and there …

Monks’ Sekhiya 29

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.29 Offence of Wrong-doing for … accepting much curry only …

Monks’ Sekhiya 30

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.30 BD.6.45 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, accepting heaped-up almsfood …

The Third Division: that on Arms Akimbo

Division 4: on Almsfood

Monks’ Sekhiya 31

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.31 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.32 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.33 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, eating almsfood inattentively … while looking about here and there … having chosen[3] here and there …

Monks’ Sekhiya 34

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.34 Offence of Wrong-doing for … eating much curry only …

Monks’ Sekhiya 35

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.35 Offence of Wrong-doing for … eating almsfood having chosen from the top …

Monks’ Sekhiya 36

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.36 Offence of Wrong-doing for … covering up the curry or the condiment with conjey …

Monks’ Sekhiya 37

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.37 Offence of Wrong-doing for … eating curry or conjey having asked for it for oneself if one is not ill … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks ate curry and conjey having asked for it for themselves … One laying down,[4] one supplementary laying down[5] … He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Sekhiya 38

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.38 Offence of Wrong-doing for … looking at the bowls of others captious-mindedly … One laying down … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Sekhiya 39

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.39 Offence of Wrong-doing for … making up a large mouthful …

Monks’ Sekhiya 40

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.40 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, making up a long morsel (of food) …

The Fourth Division: that on Almsfood[6]

Division 5: on Mouthful

Monks’ Sekhiya 41

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.41 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, opening the mouth when the mouthful had not been brought close …

Monks’ Sekhiya 42

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.42 BD.6.46 Offence of Wrong-doing for … putting the whole hand into the mouth while one is eating …

Monks’ Sekhiya 43

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.43 Offence of Wrong-doing for … talking with a mouthful in the mouth … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks Vin.5.31 … The group of six monks talked with a mouthful in the mouth … One laying down … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Sekhiya 44

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.44 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.45 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.46 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.47 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.48 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.49 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.50 Offence of Wrong-doing for … eating while tossing up balls (of food) … while breaking up the mouthfuls … stuffing the cheeks … shaking the hands about … scattering lumps of boiled rice … putting out the tongue … smacking the lips … One laying down[7] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by voice.

The Fifth Division: that on Mouthful

Division 6: on Hissing

Monks’ Sekhiya 51

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.51 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, eating while making a hissing sound … It was laid down in Kosambī … Concerning several monks … Several monks drank milk making a hissing sound … One laying down … He originates it by one origin …

Monks’ Sekhiya 52

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.52 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.53 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.54 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, eating while licking the fingers … licking the bowl … licking the lips … One laying down … He originates it by one origin …

Monks’ Sekhiya 55

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.55 Offence of Wrong-doing for … accepting a drinking cup with the hands (soiled) with food … It was laid down among the Bhaggā … Concerning several monks … Several monks accepted a drinking cup with hands (soiled) with food … One laying down … He originates it by one origin …

Monks’ Sekhiya 56

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.56 Offence of Wrong-doing for … throwing out amid the houses the rinsings of the bowl with lumps of boiled rice … It was laid down among the Bhaggā … Concerning several monks … Several monks threw out amid the houses the rinsings of the bowls with lumps of boiled rice … One laying down … He originates it by one origin …

Monks’ Sekhiya 57

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.57 Offence of Wrong-doing for … teaching Dhamma to (someone) with a sunshade in his hand … It was laid down at BD.6.47 Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks taught Dhamma to (someone) with a sunshade in his hand … One laying down, one supplementary laying down. He originates it by one origin: he originates it by speech and by mind, not by body.

Monks’ Sekhiya 58

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.58 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.59 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.60 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, teaching Dhamma to (someone) with a staff in his hand … a knife in his hand … a weapon in his hand … One laying down, one supplementary laying down … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by speech and by mind, not by body.

The Sixth Division: that on Hissing

Division 7: on Shoes

Monks’ Sekhiya 61–67

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.61 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.62 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.63 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.64 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.65 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.66 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.67 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, teaching Dhamma to (someone) who is wearing shoes … wearing sandals … who is in a vehicle … on a bed … who is sitting down lolling Vin.5.32 … who has a turban on his head … whose head is muffled up … One laying down, one supplementary laying down … as before

Monks’ Sekhiya 68–72

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.68 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.69 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.70 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.71 Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.72 Offence of Wrong-doing for … teaching Dhamma when one is sitting on the ground to (someone) who is sitting on a seat … when one is sitting on a low seat to (someone) who is sitting on a high seat … when one is standing to (someone) who is sitting … when one is walking behind to (someone) who is walking in front … when one is walking at the side of a path to someone walking along the path … One laying down, one supplementary laying down. Of the six origins of offences he originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Sekhiya 73

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.73 Offence of Wrong-doing for … easing oneself while one is standing … One laying down, one supplementary laying down. Of the six origins of offences he originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Sekhiya 74

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.74 Offence of Wrong-doing for … easing oneself or spitting on green corn …

Monks’ Sekhiya 75

Prv.1.1:Bu-Sk.75 Offence of Wrong-doing for, out of disrespect, easing oneself spitting in water. “Where was it laid down?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī. “Concerning whom?” Concerning the group of six monks. “On what subject?” On the subject of BD.6.48 the group of six monks relieving themselves and spitting in water. One laying down,[8] one supplementary laying down.[9] Of the six origins of offences he originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

The Seventh Division: that on Shoes

Concluded are the seventy-five Rules for Training.

Concluded is the Chapter on the Laying-Down-Where in the Great Analysis

Its summary[10]:

All round,[11] (properly) clad,[12] well-controlled,[13] with the eyes cast down,[14]
Lifting up (the robes),[15] loud laughter,[16] a noise,[17] and three on swaying,[18] /
Akimbo,[19] muffled up,[20] crouching down,[21] and lolling,[22]
Attentively, and thinking of the bowl, equal curry, at an even level,[23] /
Attentively, and thinking of the bowl, on continuous almstour, equal curry,
From the top,[24] covering up, asking, captious-mindedly, /
Not large, a round,[25] door (of the face), whole hand, one should not talk,
Tossing up, breaking up,[26] stuffing (the cheeks), shaking, scattering lumps of boiled rice, /
Likewise putting out the tongue, smacking the lips,[27] hissing,
Vin.5.33 Fingers, and bowl, lips, (soiled) with food,[28] and with lumps of boiled rice, /
Tathāgatas do not teach Dhamma to one with a sunshade in his hand,
BD.6.49 Neither to one with a staff in his hand, to those with a knife, a weapon in their hands,[29] /
Shoes, likewise sandals, and to one in a vehicle, on a bed,
To one sitting down lolling,[30] to one with a turban on, and to one muffled up, /
On the ground, on a low seat, while standing,[31] walking behind, and at the side of a path,
It should not be done by one while he is standing, nor on green corn, or in water.[32] /

The summary of these Divisions:

All round, loud laughter, akimbo, and likewise alms(food),[33]
Mouthful, and hissing, and with shoes on is the seventh.

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

Vin.4.185. Notes on some of the words in the Sekhiya are given at BD.3.120ff.

[3]:

Text here reads omasitvā against omadditvā at Vin.4.191. The context at Vin.4.191 requires omadditvā, having chosen; in its no-offence clause it uses omasati twice “to be impatient with,” to insult, to touch a person. That the belongs to what is not-an-offence is borne out by Kaṅkhāvitaraṇī 150.

[6]:

Instead of piṇḍapāta as above, Vin.4.194 has sakkacca “attentively”.

[10]:

There is no uddāna at the end of the Sekhiyas in Vin.4.

[22]:

Bu-Sk.26. (Henceforth each Sekhiya is concerned with one topic and only sufficient references will be given for identification).

[33]:

Here piṇḍa, a shortened form of piṇḍapāta, the name given to this Division at Vin.5.30; its identification in the foregoing uddāna is sakkaccaṃ, “attentively,” as at Vin.4.194.

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