Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Monks’ Analysis: on the Laying-Down-Where (Pācittiya)

Division 1: on lying

Monks’ Pācittiya 1

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.1 “Where was that offence of Expiation laid down by that Lord who knows, who sees, perfected one, Fully Self-Awakened One, for telling a conscious lie?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī.[1]

“Concerning whom?” Concerning Hatthaka the Sakyan.

“On what subject?” On the subject of Hatthaka the Sakyan who, when he was talking with followers of other sects, having denied, acknowledged, and having acknowledged, denied.

One laying down.[2]

Of the six origins of offences he originates (the offence) by three origins: it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech; it may be that he originates it by speech and by mind, not by body; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Pācittiya 2

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.2 Offence of Expiation for insulting speech … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks, quarrelling with well behaved monks, insulted the well behaved monks … One laying down[3] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 3

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.3 Offence of Expiation for the slander of monks … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks brought slander against monks for quarrelling, for disputing, for engaging in contention … One laying down[4] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 4

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.4 Offence of Expiation for making one who is not ordained speak Dhamma line by line … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks made lay-followers speak Dhamma line by line Vin.5.14 … One laying down[5] … He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by speech, not by body, not by mind; it BD.6.24 may be that he originates it by speech and by mind, not by body.

Monks’ Pācittiya 5

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.5 Offence of Expiation for lying down in a sleeping-place for more than two or three nights with one who is not ordained … It was laid down in Āḷavī … Concerning several monks. Several monks lay down in a sleeping-place with one who was not ordained … One laying down,[6] one supplementary laying down … He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by body, not by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 6

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.6 Offence of Expiation for lying down in a sleeping-place with a woman … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Anuruddha … The venerable Anuruddha lay down in a sleeping-place with a woman … One laying down[7] … He originates it by two origins, (as) in Sheep’s Wool.[8]

Monks’ Pācittiya 7

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.7 Offence of Expiation for teaching Dhamma to a woman in more than five or six sentences … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Udāyi … The venerable Udāyi taught Dhamma to a woman … One laying down,[9] two supplementary layings down[10] … He originates it by two origins, (as) in Dhamma line by line.[11]

Monks’ Pācittiya 8

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.8 Offence of Expiation for speaking, when it is a fact, of a condition of further-men to one who is not ordained … It was laid down in Vesālī … Concerning monks on the banks of the (river) Vaggumudā … The monks on the banks of the Vaggumudā spoke praise to householders of one another’s conditions of further-men … One laying down[12] … He originates it by three origins: it may be that he originates by body, not by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by speech, not by body, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech, not by mind.

Monks’ Pācittiya 9

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.9 Offence of Expiation for speaking to one who is not ordained of a monk’s very bad offence … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks spoke to one who was not ordained of a monk’s very bad offence … One laying down[13] … He originates it by three origins …

Monks’ Pācittiya 10

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.10 BD.6.25 Offence of Expiation for digging the ground … It was laid down in Āḷavī … Concerning the monks of Āḷavī … The monks of Āḷavī dug the ground … One laying down[14] … He originates it by three origins …

The First Division: that on Lying[15]

Division 2: on vegetable growth

Monks’ Pācittiya 11

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.11 Vin.5.15 Offence of Expiation for destruction of vegetable growth … It was laid down in Āḷavī … Concerning the monks of Āḷavī … The monks of Āḷavī cut down a tree … One laying down[16] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 12

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.12 Offence of Expiation in evasion, in vexing … It was laid down in Kosambī … Concerning the venerable Channa … The venerable Channa, on being examined for an offence in the midst of the Order, shelved the question by (asking) another … One laying down,[17] one supplementary laying down[18] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 13

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.13 Offence of Expiation in making (someone) look down upon, in criticizing … It was laid down in Rājagaha … Concerning monks who were followers of Mettiya and Bhummajaka … Monks who were followers of Mettiya and Bhummajaka made monks look down upon the venerable Dabba the Mallian … One laying down,[19] one supplementary laying down[20] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 14

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.14 Offence of Expiation for setting forth without asking (for permission to do so) and not having removed a couch or chair or a mattress or stool belonging to the Order that he had spread in the open air … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning several monks … Several monks set forth without asking (for permission to do so) and not having removed lodgings belonging to the Order that they had spread in the open air … One laying down,[21] one supplementary laying down[22] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Kaṭhina-cloth.[23]

Monks’ Pācittiya 15

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.15 Offence of Expiation for setting forth without asking (for permission to do so) and not having removed a sleeping-place BD.6.26 he had spread in a vihāra belonging to the Order … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of seventeen monks … The group of seventeen monks set forth without asking (for permission to do so) and not removing a sleeping, place they had spread in a vihāra belonging to the Order. One laying down[24] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Kaṭhina-cloth.[25]

Monks’ Pācittiya 16

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.16 Offence of Expiation for lying down in a sleeping-place in a vihāra belonging to the Order knowing that one was encroaching on (the space intended for) a monk who had arrived first … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks lay down in a sleeping-place encroaching on (the space intended for) monks who were Elders … One laying down[26] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 17

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.17 Offence of Expiation for throwing out, being angry and displeased, a monk from a vihāra belonging to the Order … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks, angry and displeased, threw out monks from a vihāra belonging to the Order Vin.5.16 … One laying down[27] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 18

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.18 Offence of Expiation for sitting down on a couch or a chair that has removable feet and is in a lofty cell with an upper part in a vihāra belonging to the Order … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning a certain monk … A certain monk sat down hastily[28] on a couch that had removable feet and was in a lofty cell with an upper part in a vihāra belonging to the Order … One laying down[29] … He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by body, not by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 19

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.19 Offence of Expiation for one who, having determined on two or three enclosures, determines on (something) more than that … It was laid down in Kosambī … Concerning the venerable Channa … The venerable Channa again and again had a finished vihāra roofed, again and again had it plastered; BD.6.27 the overloaded vihāra fell down … One laying down[30] … He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 20

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.20 Offence of Expiation for sprinkling water that he knows contains living things over grass or clay … It was laid down in Āḷavī … Concerning the monks of Āḷavī … The monks of Āḷavī, knowing that the water contained living things, sprinkled (it over) grass and clay … One laying down[31] … He originates it by three origins.

The Second Division: that on Vegetable-growth

Division 3: on Exhortation

Monks’ Pācittiya 21

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.21 Offence of Expiation for the exhortation of nuns by one who had not been agreed upon … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … On the subject of the six monks who exhorted nuns though they had not been agreed upon. “Is there there a laying down, a supplementary laying down, a laying down (for something) that has not (yet) occurred?” There is one laying down,[32] one supplementary laying down,[33] for it there is no laying down (for something) that has not (yet) occurred … He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by speech, not by body, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by speech and by mind, not by body.

Monks’ Pācittiya 22

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.22 Offence of Expiation for the exhortation of nuns after the sun has set … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Cūlapanthaka … The venerable Cūlapanthaka exhorted nuns after the sun had set … One laying down[34] … He originates it by two origins (as) in Dhamma line by line.[35]

Monks’ Pācittiya 23

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.23 Offence of Expiation for the exhortation of nuns, after having approached nuns’ quarters … It was laid down among the Sakyans … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks Vin.5.17 having approached nuns’ quarters exhorted the nuns … One laying down,[36] one supplementary laying down[37] … He originates it by two origins (as in), Kaṭhina-cloth.[38]

Monks’ Pācittiya 24

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.24 Offence of Expiation for saying, “Monks are exhorting nuns for the sake of gain” … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … BD.6.28 Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks said, “Monks are exhorting nuns for the sake of gain” … One laying down[39] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 25

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.25 Offence of Expiation for giving robe-material to a nun who is not a relation … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning a certain monk … A certain monk gave robe-material to a nun who was not a relation … One laying down,[40] one supplementary laying down[41] … He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 26

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.26 Offence of Expiation for sewing robe-material for a nun who is not a relation … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Udāyi … The venerable Udāyi sewed robe-material for a nun who was not a relation … One laying down[42] … He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 27

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.27 Offence of Expiation for going along the same highway, having arranged together with a nun … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks went along the same highway, having arranged together with nuns … One laying down,[43] one supplementary laying down[44] … He originates it by four origins: it may be that he originates it by body, not by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Pācittiya 28

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.28 Offence of Expiation for embarking in one boat, having arranged together with a nun … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks embarked in one boat, having arranged together with nuns … One laying down,[45] one supplementary laying down[46] … He originates it by four origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 29

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.29 Offence of Expiation for eating almsfood knowing it to have been procured through (the intervention of) a nun … It was laid down in Rājagaha … Concerning Devadatta … Devadatta made use of almsfood knowing it to have been procured through (the intervention of) a nun … One laying down,[47] one BD.6.29 supplementary laying down[48] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 30

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.30 Vin.5.18 Offence of Expiation for sitting down in a private place together with a nun, the one with the other … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Udāyi … The venerable Udāyi sat down in a private place together with a nun, the one with the other … One laying down[49] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

The Third Division: that on Exhortation

Division 4: on Food

Monks’ Pācittiya 31

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.31 Offence of Expiation for eating more than (one meal) at a public rest-house … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks, staying on and on, ate at a public rest-house … One laying down,[50] one supplementary laying down[51] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[52]

Monks’ Pācittiya 32

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.32 Offence of Expiation in a group-meal … It was laid down in Rājagaha … Concerning Devadatta … Devadatta and his company ate, having asked and asked among households … One laying down,[53] seven supplementary layings down[54] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[55]

Monks’ Pācittiya 33

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.33 Offence of Expiation in an out-of-turn meal … It was laid down in Vesālī … Concerning several monks … Several monks, invited somewhere, ate elsewhere … One laying down,[56] three supplementary layings down[57] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Kaṭhina-cloth.[58]

Monks’ Pācittiya 34

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.34 Offence of Expiation for, after accepting two or three bowlsful of cake, accepting more than that … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning several monks … Several monks, not knowing moderation, accepted … One laying down[59] … He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 35

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.35 Offence of Expiation for partaking of solid food or soft food BD.6.30 that is not left over after one has eaten and is satisfied … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning several monks … Several monks, having eaten and being satisfied, ate elsewhere … One laying down,[60] one supplementary laying down[61] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Kaṭhina-cloth.[62]

Monks’ Pācittiya 36

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.36 Offence of Expiation for inviting a monk who has eaten and is satisfied to take solid food or soft food that has not been left over … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning several monks … Several monks, having eaten and being satisfied, invited a monk to take soft food that had not been left over One laying down[63] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 37

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.37 Vin.5.19 Offence of Expiation for partaking of solid food or soft food at the wrong time … It was laid down in Rājagaha … Concerning the group of seventeen monks … The group of seventeen monks partook of a meal at the wrong time … One laying down[64] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[65]

Monks’ Pācittiya 38

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.38 Offence of Expiation for partaking of solid food or soft food that had been stored … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Belaṭṭhasīsa … The venerable Belaṭṭhasīsa partook of a meal that had been stored … One laying down[66] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[67]

Monks’ Pācittiya 39

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.39 Offence of Expiation for eating sumptuous foods having asked for them for oneself … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks ate sumptuous foods having asked for them for themselves … One laying down,[68] one supplementary laying down[69] … He originates it by four origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 40

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.40 Offence of Expiation for conveying to the mouth nutriment that has not been given … It was laid down in Vesālī … Concerning a certain monk … A certain monk conveyed to his mouth nutriment that had not been given … One laying down,[70] one supplementary laying down[71] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[72]

The Fourth Division: that on Food

Division 5: on an Unclothed Ascetic

Monks’ Pācittiya 41

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.41 BD.6.31 Offence of Expiation for giving with one’s own hand solid food or soft food to an unclothed ascetic or to a wanderer or to a female wanderer … It was laid down in Vesālī … Concerning the venerable Ānanda … The venerable Ānanda gave two cakes to a certain female wanderer thinking that they were one … One laying down.[73] He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[74]

Monks’ Pācittiya 42

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.42 Offence of Expiation for dismissing a monk after saying (to him), “Come, your reverence, we will go into a village or a market-town for almsfood,” whether he has caused (the almsfood) to be given or has not caused it to be given … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan … The venerable Upananda the Sakyan, after saying to a monk, “Come, your reverence, we will go into a village for almsfood,” then dismissed him without having caused it to be given to him … One laying down[75] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 43

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.43 Offence of Expiation for sitting down after intruding on a family with food … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan … The venerable Upananda the Sakyan sat down after he had intruded on a family with food … One Vin.5.20 laying down[76] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 44

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.44 Offence of Expiation for sitting down in a private place on a secluded seat together with a woman … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan … The venerable Upananda the Sakyan sat down in a private place on a secluded seat together with a woman … One laying down[77] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 45

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.45 Offence of Expiation for sitting down in a private place together with a woman, the one with the other … It was laid own in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan … The venerable Upananda the Sakyan sat down in Private place together with a woman, the one with the BD.6.32 other … One laying down[78] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 46

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.46 Offence of Expiation for calling upon families before a meal or after a meal and, being invited and being (provided) with a meal, does not ask (for permission to enter) if a monk be there. It was laid down in Rājagaha … Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan … The venerable Upananda the Sakyan called upon families before a meal and after a meal (though) being invited and being (provided) with a meal … One laying down,[79] four supplementary layings down[80] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Kaṭhina-cloth.[81]

Monks’ Pācittiya 47

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.47 Offence of Expiation for asking for medicine[82] for longer than that (i.e. four months) … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks, on being told by Mahānāma the Sakyan, “Revered sirs, wait this day (only),” did not wait … One laying down[83] … He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 48

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.48 Offence of Expiation for going to see an army fighting … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks went to see an army fighting … One laying down,[84] one supplementary laying down[85] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[86]

Monks’ Pācittiya 49

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.49 Offence of Expiation for staying with an army for more than three nights … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks stayed with an army for more than three nights … One laying down[87] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[88]

Monks’ Pācittiya 50

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.50 Offence of Expiation for going to a sham-fight … It was laid down in Sāvatthī Vin.5.21 … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks went to a sham-fight … One laying down[89] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[90]

The Fifth Division: that on an Unclothed Ascetic

Division 6: on Fermented Liquor and Spirits

Monks’ Pācittiya 51

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.51 BD.6.33 Offence of Expiation in drinking fermented liquor and spirits … It was laid down in Kosambī … Concerning the venerable Sāgata … The venerable Sāgata drank strong drink … One laying down[91] … He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by body, not by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 52

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.52 Offence of Expiation in tickling with the fingers … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks. The group of six monks made a monk laugh by tickling him with their fingers … One laying down[92] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 53

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.53 Offence of Expiation for playing in the water … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of seventeen monks … The group of seventeen monks sported in the water of the river Aciravatī … One laying down[93] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 54

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.54 Offence of Expiation in disrespect … It was laid down in Kosambī … Concerning the venerable Channa … did (things) out of disrespect … One laying down[94] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 55

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.55 Offence of Expiation in frightening a monk … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks frightened a monk … One laying down[95] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 56

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.56 Offence of Expiation in warming oneself having kindled a fire … It was laid down among the Bhaggas … Concerning several monks … Several monks warmed themselves having kindled a fire … One laying down,[96] two supplementary layings down[97] … He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 57

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.57 Offence of Expiation for bathing (at intervals of) less than half a month … It was laid down in Rājagaha … Concerning several monks … Several monks, though they had seen the king, bathed, not knowing moderation … One laying down,[98] BD.6.34 six supplementary layings down.[99] “Is it a laying down (that holds good) everywhere, a laying down (that holds good only) for certain districts?” A laying down (that holds good only) for certain districts. Of the six origins of offences he originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.[100]

Monks’ Pācittiya 58

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.58 Vin.5.22 Offence of Expiation for making use of a new robe without taking any one mode of disfigurement of the three modes of disfigurement … It was laid down in Sāvatthī Concerning several monks … Several monks did not recognize their own robes … One laying down.[101] Of the six origins of offences he originates it by two origins (as in) Sheep’s Wool.

Monks’ Pācittiya 59

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.59 Offence of Expiation for making use of a robe that had not been taken away and that he himself had assigned to a monk or a nun or a female probationer or a novice or a female novice … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan … The venerable Upananda the Sakyan made use of a robe that had not been taken away and that he himself had assigned to a monk … One laying down[102] … He originates it by two origins (as in) Kaṭhina-cloth.[103]

Monks’ Pācittiya 60

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.60 Offence of Expiation for hiding a monk’s bowl or robe or (piece of cloth) to sit on or needle-case or girdle … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning- the group of six monks … The group of six monks hid a bowl and a robe belonging to monks … One laying down[104] … He originates it by three origins.

The Sixth Division: that on Fermented Liquor and Spirits[105]

Division 7: on What Contains Living Things

Monks’ Pācittiya 61

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.61 Offence of Expiation for intentionally depriving a living thing of life … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Udāyi … The venerable Udāyi intentionally deprived a living thing of life … One laying down[106] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 62

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.62 Offence of Expiation for making use of water knowing that it contains living things … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … BD.6.35 Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks made use of water knowing that it contained living things … One laying down[107] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 63

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.63 Offence of Expiation for opening up for a further (formal) act a legal question knowing that it had been settled according to rule … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks opened up for a further (formal) act a legal question knowing that it had been settled according to rule … One laying down[108] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 64

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.64 Offence of Expiation for concealing a monk’s offence knowing it to be a very bad one … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning a certain monk … Vin.5.23 A certain monk concealed a monk’s offence knowing it to be a very bad one … One laying down[109] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Pācittiya 65

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.65 Offence of Expiation for ordaining a man knowing him to be less than twenty years of age … It was laid down in Rājagaha … Concerning several monks … Several monks ordained a man knowing him to be less than twenty years of age. One laying down[110] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 66

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.66 Offence of Expiation for going along the same highway having arranged together with a caravan knowing it to be set on theft. It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning a certain monk … A certain monk went along the same highway having arranged together with a caravan knowing it to be set on theft … One laying down[111] … He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Pācittiya 67

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.67 Offence of Expiation for going along the same highway having arranged together with a woman. It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning a certain monk … A certain monk went along the same highway having arranged together with a woman … One laying down[112] … He originates it by four origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 68

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.68 Offence of Expiation for not giving up a pernicious view BD.6.36 though being admonished up to three times … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the monk Ariṭṭha who had formerly been a vulture-trainer … The monk Ariṭṭha who had formerly been a vulture-trainer did not give up a pernicious view though being admonished up to three times … One laying down.[113] He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and by speech and by mind. Together with a monk knowing him to be one who talks thus, has not acted according to the rule, and has not given up that view … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks ate together with the monk Ariṭṭha knowing him to be one who talked thus, had not acted according to the rule, and had not given up that view … One laying down[114] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 69

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.69 Offence of Expiation for encouraging a novice knowing him to be thus expelled … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks encouraged the novice Kaṇḍaka knowing him to have been thus expelled Vin.5.24 … One laying down[115] … He originates it by three origins.

The Seventh Division: on What Contains Living Things

Division 8: on Regarding a Rule

Monks’ Pācittiya 71

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.71 Offence of Expiation for saying, when one is being spoken to by monks regarding a rule, “I will not train myself in this rule of training, your reverences, till I have inquired about it from another monk, experienced, expert in Discipline” … It was laid down in Kosambī … Concerning the venerable Channa … The venerable Channa, on being spoken to by monks, said, “ … till I have inquired about it … ” … One laying down[116] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 72

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.72 Offence of Expiation in disparaging Discipline … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks disparaged Discipline … One laying down[117] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 73

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.73 Offence of Expiation for putting (a monk) in confusion … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six BD.6.37 monks … The group of six monks confused … One laying down[118] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 74

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.74 Offence of Expiation for giving a blow to monk when one is angry and displeased … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks, angry, displeased, gave a blow to monks … One laying down[119] … He originates it by one origin: he originates it by body and mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Pācittiya 75

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.75 Offence of Expiation for raising the palm of one’s hand against a monk when one is angry and displeased[120]see Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.74; instead of gave a blow read raised the palm of the hand

Monks’ Pācittiya 76

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.76 Offence of Expiation for defaming a monk with an unfounded charge of an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks defamed a monk with an unfounded charge of an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order … One laying down[121] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 77

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.77 Offence of Expiation for intentionally arousing remorse in a monk … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks intentionally aroused remorse in monks … One laying down[122] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 78

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.78 Offence of Expiation for standing overhearing monks when they are quarrelling, disputing, engaged in contention Vin.5.25 … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks stood overhearing monks when they were quarrelling, disputing, engaged in contention … One laying down.[123] … He originates it by two origins; it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Pācittiya 79

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.79 Offence of Expiation for engaging in criticism after having given consent for legitimate (formal) acts … It was laid down m Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group six monks, having given consent for legitimate (formal) BD.6.38 acts, afterwards engaged in criticism … One laying down[124] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 80

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.80 Offence of Expiation for rising up from one’s seat and departing when the Order is engaged in decisive talk without giving one’s consent … It was laid down in Sāvatthī Concerning a certain monk … A certain monk, rising up from his seat, departed when the Order was engaged in decisive talk without giving his consent … One laying down[125] … He originates it by one origin … He originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Pācittiya 81

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.81 Offence of Expiation for engaging in criticism after having given away a robe by means of a complete Order … It was laid down in Rājagaha … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks, having given away a robe by means of a complete Order, afterwards engaged in criticism … One laying down[126] … He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 82

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.82 Offence of Expiation for apportioning to an individual a benefit belonging to the Order knowing that it has been apportioned … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks apportioned to an individual a benefit belonging to the Order knowing that it had been apportioned … One laying down[127] … He originates it by three origins.

The Eighth Division: that on Regarding a Rule

Division 9: on a King

Monks’ Pācittiya 83

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.83 Offence of Expiation for entering, without announcing beforehand, the king’s women’s quarters … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Ānanda … The venerable Ānanda, not announced beforehand, entered the king’s women’s quarters … One laying down[128] … He originates it by two origins (as) in Kaṭhina-cloth.[129]

Monks’ Pācittiya 84

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.84 Offence of Expiation for picking up treasure … It was laid down in Sāvatthī Vin.5.26 … Concerning a certain monk … A certain monk picked up treasure … One laying down,[130] two supplementary layings down[131] … He originates it by the six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 85

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.85 BD.6.39 Offence of Expiation for entering a village at the wrong time without asking (for permission) if a monk be there … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks entered a village at the wrong time … One laying down,[132] three supplementary layings down[133] … He originates it by two origins (as) in Kaṭhina-cloth.[134]

Monks’ Pācittiya 86

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.86 Offence of Expiation for having a needle-case made that consists of bone or ivory or horn … It was laid down among the Sakyans … Concerning several monks … Several monks, not knowing moderation, asked for many needle-cases … One laying down[135] … He originates it by the six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 87

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.87 Offence of Expiation for having a couch or chair made exceeding the (proper) measure … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan … The venerable Upananda the Sakyan lay down on a high couch … One laying down[136] … He originates it by the six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 88

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.88 Offence of Expiation for having a couch or a chair made covered with cotton … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks had a couch and a chair made covered with cotton … One laying down[137] … He originates it by the six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 89

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.89 Offence of Expiation for having a piece of cloth to sit upon made exceeding the (proper) measure. It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks used pieces of cloth to sit upon that were not of the (proper) measure … One laying down,[138] one supplementary laying down[139] … He originates it by the six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 90

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.90 Offence of Expiation for having an itch-cloth made exceeding the (proper) measure … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group of six monks used itch-cloths that were not of the (proper) measure … One laying down[140] … He originates it by the six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 91

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.91 Offence of Expiation for having a cloth for the rains made exceeding the (proper) measure … It was laid down in Sāvatthī … Concerning the group of six monks … The group BD.6.40 of six monks used cloths for the rains that were not of the (proper) measure … One laying down[141] … He originates it by the six origins.

Monks’ Pācittiya 92

Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.92 Vin.5.27 Offence of Expiation for having a robe made the measure of a Well-farer’s robe … It was laid down in Sāvatthī Concerning the venerable Nanda … The venerable Nanda wore a robe the measure of the Well-farer’s robe … One laying down[142] … He originates it by the six origins.

The Ninth Division: that on a King[143]

Concluded are the ninety-two offences of Expiation.

Its Summary[144]

Lying, insulting speech, slander, by line, sleeping-place, and women,[145]
Except a learned man (be present),[146] facts, a very bad offence, digging, /
Vegetable-growth, in evasion, he looked down on, a couch, and it is called a sleeping-place,[147]
First, throwing out, removable (feet), a door, and with living things, /
Not agreed on, after (sun-)set, quarters, and for gain,
Should he give, should he sew, by arrangement, a boat, should eat, together,[148] /
BD.6.41 Meal, group(-meal), out-of-turn (meal), a cake, being satisfied,
(asking) one who is satisfied, Wrong time, stored, milk, for cleansing the teeth—these ten. /
Unclothed ascetic,[149] intruding on,[150] secluded, and in a private place,
Invited, on requisites, army, staying, sham-fight, /
Fermented liquor, the finger, and playing,[151] and disrespect, frightening,
Fire, on bathing, on disfigurement, himself,[152] and about not hiding, /
Intentionally,[153] water, and (formal) act, very bad offence, less than twenty,
(Set) on theft, a woman, not taught, be in communion, on one who has been expelled, /
Regarding a rule,[154] perplexity, confusion, on a blow, should he raise,
And unfounded, intentionally, “I will hear,” criticism, should he depart,
Having given a robe through an Order, should apportion to individuals, /
And of kings,[155] treasure, if one be (present), needle(-case), and couch, cotton,
Cloth to sit on, itch-cloth and so on, for the rains, and on the Well-farer. /

BD.6.42 The summary of these Divisions:

Lying, and vegetable-growth, exhortation, a meal, and about an unclothed ascetic,
Fermented liquor, containing living things, a rule, with the Division on a king—these nine. /

Footnotes and references:

15.

Called simply First Division at Vin.4.33.

21.

Vin.4.39, a sikkhāpada, rule of training.

22.

Vin.4.39–40, an anujānāmi, an allowance.

25.

See Prv.1.1:Bu-Pc.14 above, also Vin.5.88.

28.

sahasā, see BD.2.255, n.1.

32.

Vin.4.51, a sikkhāpada.

33.

Vin.4.51, a long anujānāmi.

52.

Bu-NP.16, and see Vin.5.88.

55.

Bu-NP.16, and see Vin.5.88.

57.

Vin.4.77, Vin.4.78, the third one being an anujānāmi. Kaṅkhāvitaraṇī 103 says in what is probably its only reference to the Parivāra that it speaks of four supplementary layings down.

62.

Bu-NP.16, and see Vin.5.88.

65.

Bu-NP.16, and see Vin.5.88.

67.

Bu-NP.16, and see Vin.5.88.

72.

Bu-NP.16, and see Vin.5.88.

74.

Bu-NP.16, and see Vin.5.88.

81.

Bu-NP.1, and see Vin.5.88.

82.

Though of the four requisites medicine is the one that this offence concerned with, in the sikkhāpada itself the word used is paccaya, a requisite what a monk depends on.

100.

Bu-NP.16, and see Vin.5.88.

103.

Bu-NP.1, and see Vin.5.88.

105.

Called at Vin.4.124: On drinking fermented liquor.

129.

Bu-NP.1, and see Vin.5.88.

143.

In the Suttavibhaṅga, Vin.4.174, this is called Ratanavagga, Division on Treasure. Treasure is the subject of the second offence in the Division. The title, Rājavagga, as above, refers to the first offence in the Division.

144.

The summaries of all nine Divisions are collected together here; in the Suttavibhaṅga each Division is followed by its summary. Some of the “catch-words” do not occur in Parivāra and can only be understood by consulting the relevant offences in the Suttavibhaṅga.

145.

seyyā ca itthiyo, referring to Bu-Pc.5 and Bu-Pc.6. Vin.4.33 reads seyyāya ve duve, two on sleeping-places, referring to two offences both of Which are concerned with lying down in a sleeping-place.

146.

This is part of Bu-Pc.7, but has not been mentioned in the Parivāra.

147.

In Parivāra above this line reads bhūtaṃ, aññāya, ujjhāyi, mañco, seyyā ca vuccati. At Vin.4.49 it reads bhūtaṃ, aññāya, ujjhāyaṃ, pakkamanten te duve. These last two deal with setting out without putting away a couch (Bu-Pc.14) and a sleeping-place (Bu-Pc.15).

148.

These two lines read somewhat differently in the two contexts. Above they read asammatā, atthaṃgate, upassay’-āmisena ca, / dade, sibbe, vidhānena, nāvā, bhuñjeyya, ekato, while at Vin.4.69 they read asammata-atthaṃgatā, upassaya-āmisa-dānena, sibbati, / addhānaṃ, nāvaṃ, bhuñjeyya, eko ekāya te dasā ti.

149.

These two lines are quite different from the summary of Bu-Pc.41–50 at Vin.4.108. There the reading is pūvaṃ, kathā,’panandassa tayaṃ,’ paṭṭhākam eva ca, / Mahānāmo, Pasenadi, senā, viddho ime dasā ti.

150.

This refers to Bu-Pc.43. As a reference to Bu-Pc.42 appears to be missing, there are only nine headings for this 5th Division.

151.

hāso ca. Vin.4.124 reads toyañ ca, and the water.

152.

Merely sāmaṃ above. Vin.4.124 inserts apaccuddhāraka before sāmaṃ, but both these words refer to Bu-Pc.59.

153.

The summaries of these lines at Vin.4.140 are quite different from those the Parivāra and read sañciccavadha-sappāṇaṃ, ukko, duṭṭhullachādanaṃ, / ūnavīsati, satthañ ca, saṃvidhāna-Ariṭṭhakaṃ, / ukhhitta-Kaṇḍakañ c’ eva dasa sikkhāpadā ime ti, thus having three lines where Parivāra has two.

154.

Vin.4.157 differs considerably from the above. It reads sahadhamma-vivaṇṇañ ca, mohāpana-pahārakaṃ, / talasatti, amūlañ ca, sañcicca, upassuti ca, / paṭibāhanachandañ ca, Dabbañ ca, pariṇāmanaṃ. Both contexts have three lines of summary as this is the Division with twelve sikkhāpadas in it.

155.

These two lines differ but slightly from those at Vin.4.174.

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