Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Monks’ Analysis: on the Laying-Down-Where (Nissaggiya Pācittiya)

Division 1: on kaṭhina cloth

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 1

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.1 BD.6.15 “Where was the offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture laid down by that Lord … for one who exceeds the ten day (period for wearing) an extra robe?” It was laid down in Vesālī.[1]

“Concerning whom?” Concerning the group of six monks.

“On what subject?” On the subject of the group of six monks wearing an extra robe.

One laying down,[2] one supplementary laying down.[3]

Of the six origins of offences he originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by body and by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 2

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.2 “Where was the offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture laid down … for one who is separated from his three robes even for one night?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[4]

Concerning several monks …

Several monks, entrusting (their) robes to the hands of (other) monks, set out on a tour of the country with (only) an inner and an upper robe …

One laying down,[5] one supplementary laying down.[6]

Of the six origins … as in Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.1.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 3

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.3 “Where was the offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture laid down … for one who after he has accepted robe-material not at the right time exceeds (the period of) a month (before he has it made up)? It was laid down in Sāvatthī[7]

Concerning several monks …

Several monks, having accepted robe-material not at a right time, exceeded the month …

One laying down,[8] one supplementary laying down.[9]

Of the six origins …

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 4

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.4 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who has a soiled BD.6.16 robe washed by a nun who is not a relation?” Vin.5.9 It was laid down in Sāvatthī[10]

Concerning the venerable Udāyi …

The venerable Udāyi had a soiled robe washed by a nun who was not a relation …

One laying down.[11]

Of the six origins of offences he originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 5

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.5 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who accepts a robe from the hand of a nun who is not a relation?” It was laid down in Rājagaha[12]

Concerning the venerable Udāyi …

The venerable Udāyi accepted a robe from the hand of a nun who was not a relation …

One laying down,[13] one supplementary laying down[14]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 6

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.6 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who asks a man or woman householder who is not a relation (of his) for a robe?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[15]

Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan …

The venerable Upananda the Sakyan asked the son of a (great) merchant who was not a relation (of his) for a robe …

One laying down,[16] one supplementary laying down[17]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 7

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.7 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who asks a man or woman householder who is not a relation for more robe-material than that (which they had invited him to accept)?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[18]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks, not knowing moderation, asked for much robe-material …

One laying down[19]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 8

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.8 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, before being invited, approaches a householder who is not a relation and puts forward a consideration with regard to a robe?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[20]

BD.6.17 Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan …

The venerable Upananda the Sakyan, before he was invited, approached a householder who was not a relation and put forward a consideration with regard to a robe …

One laying down[21]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 9

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.9 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, before being invited, approaches householders who are not relations (of his) and puts forward a consideration with regard to a robe?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[22]

Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan …

The venerable Upananda the Sakyan, before he was invited, approached householders who were not relations (of his) and put forward a consideration with regard to a robe …

One laying down[23]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 10

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.10 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who succeeds in obtaining a robe by stating (he wants one) more than three times (or) by standing (silently) for it more than six times?” Vin.5.10 It was laid down in Sāvatthī[24]

Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan …

The venerable Upananda the Sakyan, on being told by a lay-follower, “Wait this one day (only), revered sir,” did not wait …

One laying down[25]

He originates it by six origins.

The First Division: that on Kaṭhina-cloth

Division 2: on silk

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 11

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.11 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who has a rug made mixed with silk?” It was laid down in Āḷavī[26]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks, having approached silk-makers, spoke thus: “Sirs, hatch many silk-worms, give them to us, for we want to make a rug mixed with silk” …

One laying down[27]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 12

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.12 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who has a rug BD.6.18 made of pure black sheep’s wool?” It was laid down in Vesālī[28]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks had a rug made of pure black sheep’s wool …

One laying down[29]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 13

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.13 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who is having a new rug made without taking a portion of white (wools) and a portion of reddish-brown colours?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[30]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks, taking only a little white for the seam, all the same had a rug made of pure black sheep’s wool …

One laying down[31]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 14

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.14 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who has a rug made every year?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[32]

Concerning several monks …

Several monks had a rug made every year …

One laying down,[33] one supplementary laying down[34]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 15

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.15 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who is having a new rug to sit upon made without taking a piece the breadth of the accepted span from all round an old rug?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[35]

Concerning several monks …

Several monks, discarding their rugs, took upon themselves the practice of forest-dwellers, the practice of almsmen, the practice of those who wear rag-robes …

One laying down[36]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 16

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.16 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, having accepted sheep’s wool, exceeds the three yojanas (for which it may be conveyed)?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[37]

BD.6.19 Concerning a certain monk …

A certain monk, having received sheep’s wool, exceeded the three yojanas (for which it may be conveyed) …

One laying down[38] Vin.5.11

He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by body, not by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 17

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.17 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who has sheep’s wool washed by a nun who is not a relation?” It was laid down among the Sakyans[39]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks had sheep’s wool washed by nuns who were not relations …

One laying down[40]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 18

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.18 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who accepts gold and silver?” It was laid down in Rājagaha[41]

Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan …

The venerable Upananda the Sakyan accepted gold and silver …

One laying down[42]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 19

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.19 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who engages in various transactions in which gold and silver are used?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[43]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks engaged in various transactions in which gold and silver were used …

One laying down[44]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 20

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.20 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who engaged in various transactions in which there was bartering?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[45]

Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan …

The venerable Upananda the Sakyan engaged in bartering with a wanderer …

BD.6.20 One laying down[46]

He originates it by six origins.

The Second Division: that on Silk

Division 3: on a bowl

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 21

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.21 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who exceeds the ten days (for keeping) an extra bowl?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[47]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks kept an extra bowl …

One laying down,[48] one supplementary laying down[49]

He originates it by two origins: it may be that he originates it by body and by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 22

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.22 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for who gets another new bowl in exchange for a bowl that has been mended in less than five places?” It was laid down among the Sakyans[50]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks, when their bowls were only a little broken, only a little chipped and scratched, asked for many bowls …

One laying down[51]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 23

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.23 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, after he has accepted medicines, exceeds the seven days (for which they may be stored)?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[52]

Concerning several Vin.5.12 monks …

Several monks, having accepted medicines, exceeded the seven days …

One laying down[53]

He originates it by two origins as in the Kaṭhina (-robe Section).[54]

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 24

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.24 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, while more than a month of the hot weather remains, is looking about for robe-material as a cloth for the rains?” It was laid down m Sāvatthī[55]

BD.6.21 Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks, while more than a month of the hot weather remained, looked about for robe-material as a cloth for the rains …

One laying down[56]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 25

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.25 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, having himself given a robe to a monk, angry and displeased tore it away?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[57]

Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan …

The venerable Upananda the Sakyan, having himself given a robe to a monk, angry and displeased tore it away …

One laying down[58]

He originates it by three origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 26

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.26 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, himself asking for yarn, should have robe-material woven by weavers?” It was laid down in Rājagaha[59]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks, themselves asking for yarn, had robe-material woven by weavers …

One laying down[60]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 27

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.27 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, before being invited by a householder who is not a relation approaches weavers and puts forward a consideration with regard to robe-material?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[61]

Concerning the venerable Upananda the Sakyan …

The venerable Upananda the Sakyan, before being invited, approached the weavers of a householder who was not a relation (of his) and put forward a consideration with regard to robe-material …

One laying down[62]

He originates it by six origins.

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 28

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.28 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who, having accepted a special robe, exceeds the robe-season (in the time during which he lays aside the robe-material)?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[63]

BD.6.22 Concerning several monks …

Several monks, having accepted robe-material, exceeded the robe-season …

One laying down[64]

He originates it by two origins, as in the Kaṭhina-robe Section.[65]

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 29

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.29 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who is separated from any one of his three robes for more than six nights, having laid it aside in a house?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[66]

Concerning several monks …

Several monks were separated from a certain one of their three robes for more than six nights, having laid it aside in a house …

Vin.5.13 One laying down[67]

He originates it by two origins, as in the Kaṭhina(-robe Section).

Monks’ Nissaggiya Pācittiya 30

Prv.1.1:Bu-NP.30 “ … involving Forfeiture laid down for one who knowingly appropriates to himself an apportioned benefit belonging to the Order?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[68]

Concerning the group of six monks …

The group of six monks knowingly appropriated to themselves an apportioned benefit belonging to the Order …

One laying down[69]

He originates it by three origins.

The Third Division: that on a Bowl

Concluded are the thirty offences of Expiation involving Forfeiture.

Its Summary

Ten (nights), one night, and a month, and washing, acceptance,
And on one who is not a relation, specially laid aside, by two, by a messenger,[70] /
Silk, two on pure portions, for six years, a rug,
BD.6.23 And two on (sheep’s) wool, on taking, two on various transactions,[71] /
Two on bowls, and on medicine, for the rains, the fifth on a gift,
Oneself, having woven, a special robe, dangerous,
and belonging to the Order.

Footnotes and references:

8.

Vin.3.203; but there is what is laid down first is called anujānāmi, “I allow,” is an allowance as against a sikkhāpada, a rule of training, which here comes second. Apparently, therefore, the paññatti here refers to anujānāmi and sikkhāpada.

25.

Vin.3.221; more clearly stated above.

54.

This must refer to the first offence of Expiation involving Forfeiture.

65.

See Vin.5.88.

70.

These two first lines occur at Vin.3.223 though the second line reads there “just three on non-relations”, aññātakāni tīṇ’ eva, which is thus clearer in its reference to the ten offences than the aññātakañ ca, uddissa above.

71.

These two lines are at Vin.3.242, and the next two at Vin.3.266.

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