Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 386,194 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a collection of various narratives. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (third part, khandhaka) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar to the I...

On exactly thirty purges

Kd.8.1.30 Now at that time the Lord came to have a disturbance of the humours of his body.[1] Then the Lord addressed the venerable Ānanda, saying: Vin.1.279 “Ānanda, the Truth-finder has a disturbance of the humours of his body; the Truth-finder desires to take[2] a purgative.”[3] Then the venerable Ānanda approached Jīvaka Komārabhacca; having approached he spoke thus to Jīvaka Komārabhacca:

“Jīvaka, sir, the Truth-finder has a disturbance of the humours of his body; the Truth-finder desires to take a purgative.”

“Well now, revered Ānanda, lubricate[4] the Truth-finder’s body for a few days.” Then the venerable Ānanda, having lubricated the Truth-finder’s body for a few days, approached Jīvaka Komārabhacca; having approached he spoke thus to Jīvaka Komārabhacca:

“Jīvaka, sir, the Truth-finder’s body has been lubricated; what do you think is right for him now?”

Kd.8.1.31 Then it occurred to Jīvaka Komārabhacca: “It is not suitable that I should give a strong purgative to the Lord,” and having had three handfuls of lotuses[5] mixed[6] with various BD.4.395 medicines, he approached the Lord; having approached he offered the Lord one handful of lotuses, saying: “Lord, may the Lord sniff up[7] (the scent of) this first handful of lotuses; this will purge the Lord ten times.” Then he offered the Lord the second handful of lotuses, saying: “Lord, may the Lord sniff up (the scent of) this second handful of lotuses; this will purge the Lord ten times.” Then he offered the Lord the third handful of lotuses, saying: “Lord, may the Lord sniff up (the scent of) this third handful of lotuses; this will purge the Lord ten times”; thus, he thought that the Lord would be purged all together thirty times.[8] Then Jīvaka Komārabhacca, having given the Lord a purgative for thirty times all together, having greeted the Lord, departed keeping his right side towards him.

Kd.8.1.32 Then it occurred to Jīvaka Komārabhacca when he had gone outside the porch: “A purgative has been given by me to the Lord for all together thirty times. The Lord has a disturbance of the humours of his body; it will not purge the Lord all together thirty times, it will purge the Lord twenty-nine times, but then the Lord, being purged, will bathe; when he has bathed, the Lord will purge once, thus the Lord will be purged all together thirty times.” Then the Lord, knowing by mind the reasoning in the mind[9] of Jīvaka Komārabhacca, addressed the venerable Ānanda, saying:

“Now, Ānanda, it occurred to Jīvaka Komārabhacca when he had gone outside the porch: ‘A purgative has been given by me to the Lord … thus the Lord will be purged all together thirty times.’ Well now, Ānanda, prepare (some) hot water.”

“Very well, Lord,” and the venerable Ānanda having answered the Lord in assent, Vin.1.280 prepared (some) hot water.

Kd.8.1.33 Then Jīvaka Komārabhacca approached the Lord; having approached, having greeted the Lord, he sat down at a respectful distance. As he was sitting down at a respectful distance, Jīvaka Komārabhacca spoke thus to the Lord: “Lord, is the Lord purged?”

“I am purged, Jīvaka.”

“Now, Lord, it occurred to me after I had gone outside BD.4.396 the porch: ‘A purgative has been given by me to the Lord … thus the Lord will be purged all together thirty times.’ Lord, let the Lord bathe, let the well-farer bathe.” Then the Lord bathed in the hot water; when he had bathed the Lord purged once; thus the Lord purged all together thirty times. Then Jīvaka Komārabhacca spoke thus to the Lord: “Lord, until the Lord’s body comes to be normal, almsfood of juices will be enough.”[10]

Footnotes and references:

1.

kāyo dosābhisanno. Cf. Vin.1.206 where a certain monk was abhisannaskāya, “had a superfluity of humours in his body”; various purgative, were allowed. At Vin.2.119 some monks also became abhisannakāya. Vinaya Texts ii.60, n.6 says that dosa “is a disturbance of the so-called humours in the body.” Dosa is used in sense of some kind of sickness at Mil.43. At Mil.172 we get tikicchako abhisanne kāye kupite dose sinehaniyāni bhesajjāni deti, “does a physician give softening medicines when the body is full of humours and afflicted by them?”

2.

pātuṃ, literally to drink; cf. same phrase at Vin.1.206, where purging drinks are allowed.

3.

virecana. This and three other kinds are held (at DN.i.12) by some recluses and Brahmins to be worldly lore—abstained from by Gotama.

4.

sinehetha. Cf. sinehaniyāni bhesajjāni at Mil.172.

5.

uppalahatthāni.

6.

paribhāvetvā, or supplied with, treated with.

7.

upasiṅghatu, cf. SN.i.204.

8.

Passive construction. Literally: thus will there be for the Lord a purge thirty times.

9.

cetasā cetoparivitakkaṃ aññāya, stock; cf. SN.i.103, SN.i.178.

10.

alaṃ yūsapiṇḍapātena. Vinaya Texts ii.193 translates “you had better abstain from liquid food”. Natural juices, akaṭayūsa, are allowed at Vin.1.206 as a purgative.

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