Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 386,194 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a collection of various narratives. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (third part, khandhaka) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar to the I...

Four things not to be done

Kd.1.78.1 Now at that time monks, having ordained a certain monk, went away leaving him alone. Afterwards as he was going along alone, he met his former wife on the way. She spoke thus: “What, have you now gone forth?”

“Yes, I have gone forth.” She said:

“Sexual intercourse is difficult for those who have gone forth. Come and indulge in sexual intercourse.” Having indulged in sexual intercourse with her, he arrived late. Monks spoke thus: “What were you, your reverence, doing for such a long time?”

Kd.1.78.2 Then this monk told this matter to the monks. The monks told this matter to the Lord. He said:

I allow you, monks, having ordained (a monk), to give him a companion and to explain four things which are not to be done. When a monk is ordained he should not indulge in sexual intercourse, even with an animal.[1] Whatever monk indulges in sexual intercourse, he becomes not a (true) recluse, not a son of the Sakyans. As a man with his head cut off could not become one to live by that bodily connection, even so a monk, having indulged in sexual intercourse, becomes not a (true) recluse, not a son of the Sakyans.[2] This is a thing not to be done by you as long as life lasts.

Kd.1.78.3 “When a monk is ordained he should not take by theft what has not been given, even if it is only a blade of grass.[3] Whatever monk takes by theft a pāda[4] or the worth of a pāda or more than a pāda that has not been given, he becomes not BD.4.125 a (true) recluse, not a son of the Sakyans. As a withered leaf, freed from its stalk, could not become green again, even so a monk, having taken by theft a pāda or the worth of a pāda or more than a pāda that was not given, becomes not a (true) recluse, not a son of the Sakyans.[5] This Vin.1.97 is a thing not to be done by you as long as life lasts.

Kd.1.78.4 “When a monk is ordained he should not intentionally deprive a living thing of life, even if it is only an ant.[6] Whatever monk deprives a human being of life even down to causing abortion,[7] he becomes not a (true) recluse, not a son of the Sakyans. As a flat stone, broken in half, becomes (something) not to be put together again, even so a monk, having intentionally deprived a human being of life, becomes not a (true) recluse, not a son of the Sakyans.[8] This is a thing not to be done by you as long as life lasts.

Kd.1.78.5 “When a monk is ordained he should not lay claim to a state of further-men, even thinking: ‘I delight in solitude’.[9] Whatever monk, of evil desires, filled with covetousness, lays claim to a state of further-men which is non-existent, not a fact[10]—to meditation or to a deliverance or to contemplation or to an attainment or to a way or to a fruit[11]—he becomes not a (true) recluse, not a son of the Sakyans. As a palmyra palm, cut off at the crown, could not become one for further growth,[12] even so a monk, of evil desires, filled with covetousness, having claimed a state of further-men which is nonexistent, not a fact, becomes not a (true) recluse, not a son of the Sakyans. This is a thing not to be done by you as long as life lasts.”

Kd.1.78.6 Told are the Four Things which are not to be done.

Footnotes and references:

4.

See note at BD.1.71.

5.

Cf. Vin.3.47.

6.

Bu-Pj.3 (for human beings) and Bu-Pc.61 (for animals).

9.

suññāgāra. See Vin.3.91. Where “delight in solitude for the mind devoid of the hindrances” occurs in definition of “state of further-men”.

10.

Vin.3.90, where such a one is called the “chief great thief”.

11.

Cf. the longer list of concepts enumerated in definition of “state of further-men” at Vin.3.91, Vin.3.92.