Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 386,194 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a collection of various narratives. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (third part, khandhaka) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar to the I...

The story of Kaṇḍaka the novice

Kd.1.60.1 Now at that time Kaṇḍaka,[1] a novice of the venerable Upananda, the son of the Sakyans, seduced the nun Kaṇḍakā. BD.4.108 Monks … spread it about, saying: “How can this novice indulge in a bad habit like this?” They told this matter to the Lord. He said:

I allow you, monks, to expel a novice who is possessed of ten qualities:

  1. If he is one who makes onslaught on creatures.
  2. If he is one who takes what is not given.
  3. If he is one who is unchaste.
  4. If he is a liar.
  5. If he is a drinker of strong drink.
  6. If he speaks dispraise of the awakened one.
  7. If he speaks dispraise of Dhamma.
  8. If he speaks dispraise of the Order.
  9. If he is a holder of a false view.[2]
  10. If he is a seducer of nuns.[3]

“I allow you, monks, to expel a novice who is possessed of these ten qualities.”

Footnotes and references:

1.

See above, Kd.1.52.1 and BD.3.31.

2.

At Vin.4.138 (BD.3.31)a novice, Kaṇḍaka, was expelled on this ground.

3.

Vin-a.1015 explains that “one who is unchaste” may be ordained if he is willing to restrain himself in the future, but a seducer of nuns cannot even go forth. Cf. Vinaya Texts i.215, n.1. At AN.v.70, AN.v.71 among ten specified occasions where the Pātimokkha may be suspended are included the presence of a seducer of nuns, and the presence of a eunuch (see next paragraph below).