Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 386,194 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a collection of various narratives. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (third part, khandhaka) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar to the I...

On release from dependence

Then the Lord, having stayed in Dakkhiṇāgiri for as long as he found suiting, came back again to Rājagaha. Then the Lord addressed the venerable Ānanda, saying: “How is it, Ānanda, that the Truthfinder set out on tour for Dakkhiṇāgiri with an Order of monks numbering less than a group?” Then the venerable Ānanda told this matter to the Lord. Then the Lord on this occasion, in this connection, having given reasoned talk, addressed the monks, saying:

“I allow, monks, an experienced competent monk to live five years in dependence (but) an inexperienced one all his life.

Kd.1.53.5 “Monks, if a monk is possessed of five qualities he should not live independently[1] (of a preceptor or teacher): if he is not possessed of an adept’s body of moral habit … = Kd.1.36.3 … Monks, if a monk is not possessed of these five qualities he should not live independently. Monks, if a monk is possessed of five qualities he may live independently: if he is possessed of an adept’s body of moral habit … = Kd.1.36.3 … Monks, if a monk is possessed of these five qualities he may live independently.[2]

Kd.1.53.6 “Monks, if a monk is possessed of five further qualities he should not live independently: if he comes to be of no faith … = Kd.1.36.3 … Monks, he should not live independently. Monks, if a monk is possessed of five qualities he may live independently: if he comes to have faith Vin.1.81= Kd.1.36.3 … Monks, … he may live independently.

Kd.1.53.7 BD.4.102 “… five further qualities he should not live independently: if, in regard to moral habit, he comes to have fallen away from moral habit … = Kd.1.36.3 … Monks, if a monk is possessed of five qualities he may live independently: if, in regard to moral habit, he does not come to have fallen away … = Kd.1.36.3 … he may live independently.

Kd.1.53.8 “… five further qualities he should not live independently: if he does not know what is an offence … = Kd.1.36.3 … Monks, if a monk is possessed of five qualities he may live independently: if he knows what is an offence … = Kd.1.36.15 … he may live independently.

Kd.1.53.9 “… five further qualities he should not live independently: if he does not know what is an offence … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of less than five years’ standing … Monks, if a monk is possessed of five qualities he may live independently: if he knows what is an offence … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of five years’ standing or of more than five years’ standing …

Kd.1.53.10 “Monks, if a monk is possessed of six qualities he should not live independently: if he is not possessed of an adept’s body of moral habit … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of less than five years’ standing. Monks, if a monk is not possessed of these six qualities he should not live independently. Monks, if a monk is possessed of six qualities he may live independently: if he is possessed of an adept’s body of moral habit … = Kd.1.37.2 … if he is of five years’ standing or more than five years’ standing …

Kd.1.53.11 “… six further qualities he should not live independently: if he comes to have no faith … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of less than five years’ standing … possessed of six qualities he may live independently: if he comes to have faith … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of five years’ standing or more than five years’ standing …

Kd.1.53.12 “… six further qualities he should not live independently: if, in regard to moral habit, he comes to have fallen away from moral habit … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of less than five years’ standing … possessed of six qualities he may live independently: if, in regard to moral habit, he does not come to have fallen away … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of five years’ standing or more than five years’ standing.

Kd.1.53.13 “… six further qualities he should not live independently: BD.4.103 if he does not know what is an offence … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of less than five years’ standing … possessed of six qualities he may live independently: if he knows what is an offence … = Kd.1.36.3 … if he is of five years’ standing or more than five years’ standing. Monks, if a monk is possessed of these six qualities he may live independently.”

Told is the Portion for Repeating on Safe and Secure. Vin.1.82

Footnotes and references:

1.

anissitena, in independence, without a teacher to give guidance.

2.

Cf. below, Kd.1.73.1–1.73.4 where other cases are given where a monk may live independently, anissita.

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