Vinaya Pitaka (2): The Analysis of Nun’ Rules (Bhikkhuni-vibhanga)

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 66,469 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Bhikkhuni-vibhanga: the second part of the Suttavibhanga, which itself is the first book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a acollection of rules for Buddhist nuns. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (second part, bhikkhuni-vibhanga) contain...

Nuns’ Expiation (Pācittiya) 80

Bi-Pc.80.1.1 BD.3.394 … at Sāvatthī in the Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika’s monastery. Now at that time the nun Thullanandā ordained a probationer without the consent of the parents and husband. The parents and the husband … spread it about, saying : “How can the lady Thullanandā ordain the probationer without our consent?” Nuns heard the parents and the husband who … spread it about. Those who were modest nuns … spread it about, saying : “How can the lady Thullanandā ordain a probationer without the consent of the parents and husband?” …

“Is it true, as is said, monks, that the nun Thullanandā ordained … and husband?” “It is true, lord.”

The enlightened one, the lord, rebuked them, saying: “How, monks, can the nun Thullanandā ordain a probationer … and husband? It is not, monks, for pleasing those who are not (yet) pleased … this rule of training: Vin.4.335

Whatever nun should ordain a probationer without the consent of the parents and husband, there is an offence of expiation.”[1]


Bi-Pc.80.2.1 Whatever means: … nun is to be understood in this case.

Parents means: they are called the progenitors.

Husband means: he to whom she is married.[2]

Without the consent means: not asking (for permission).

BD.3.395 Probationer means: one who has trained for two years in the six rules.

Should ordain means: see Bi-Pc.61.2 … and an offence of wrong-doing for the group and for the woman teacher.


Bi-Pc.80.2.2 There is no offence if she ordains her not knowing; if she ordains her, (she) having obtained permission; if she is mad, if she is the first wrong-doer.

Footnotes and references:

1.

The twenty-second of the twenty-four questions to be put to a nun at her ordination was whether she had her parents’ and husband’s consent, Vin.2.271.

2.

yena pariggahitā hoti, by whom she is possessed or appropriated.