by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 66,469 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160
The English translation of the Bhikkhuni-vibhanga: the second part of the Suttavibhanga, which itself is the first book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a acollection of rules for Buddhist nuns. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (second part, bhikkhuni-vibhanga) contain...
Bi-Pc.37.1.1 BD.3.317 … at Sāvatthī in the Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika’s monastery. Now at that time nuns walked without a weapon on almstour within (their own) region (when this was) agreed upon as dangerous, frightening. Bad men assaulted them. Those who were modest nuns … spread it about, saying: “How can these nuns … dangerous, frightening?” …
“Is it true, as is said, monks, that nuns … dangerous, frightening?”
“It is true, lord.”
The enlightened one, the lord, rebuked them, saying:
“How, monks, can nuns … dangerous, frightening? It is not, monks, for pleasing those who are not (yet) pleased … this rule of training:
“Whatever nun should walk without a weapon on alms-tour within (her own) region (when this is) agreed upon as dangerous, frightening, there is an offence of expiation.”
Bi-Pc.37.2.1 Whatever means: … nun is to be understood in this case.
Within (her own) region means: in a region of that country in which she lives.
BD.3.318 Dangerous means: if on this road a place where thieves are halting is seen, a place where they are eating is seen, a place where they are resting is seen, a place where they are sitting down is seen, a place where they are lying down is seen.
Frightening means: if on this road people injured by thieves are seen, (people) plundered are seen, (people) beaten down are seen.
Should walk on almstour means: in a village close enough for a cock (to walk), among every (such) village, there is an offence of expiation. For every half yojana in what is not a village, in a jungle, there is an offence of expiation.
Bi-Pc.37.2.2 There is no offence if she goes with a weapon; if she goes in a place of security that is not frightening; if there are accidents; if she is mad, if she is the first wrong-doer. Vin.4.296
Footnotes and references:
asatthikā. As in Monks’ Bu-Pc.27, translators differ as to whether this means “without a weapon” or not (having joined) a caravan. See BD.2.289, n.3. I here follow , and not , History of Pali Literature 1.75 (No.21) , Bruchstücke des Bhikṣunī-Prātimokṣa der Sarvāstivādins, p.127, “ohne sich einer Karawane angeschlossen zu haben.”
antoraṭṭhe. Not given in Pali-English Dictionary or Critical Pali Dictionary, but cf. tiroraṭṭha in next Pācittiya.
Cf. Monks’ Bu-Pc.27, where the only legal occasion where a monk might go along the same highroad with a nun was if the road was dangerous and frightening.
vijita, or kingdom, territory, conquered land.
asatthikā, more literally “weaponless.”
khema; a word which at some time became important as being applied particularly to spiritual peace, nibbana.