Vinaya Pitaka (2): The Analysis of Nun’ Rules (Bhikkhuni-vibhanga)

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 66,469 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Bhikkhuni-vibhanga: the second part of the Suttavibhanga, which itself is the first book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a acollection of rules for Buddhist nuns. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (second part, bhikkhuni-vibhanga) contain...

Nuns’ Expiation (Pācittiya) 9

Bi-Pc.9.1.1 BD.3.259 … at Sāvatthī in the Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika’s monastery. Now at that time a certain brahmin’s cornfield was beside a nunnery. The nuns threw out excrement and urine and rubbish and remains of food into the field. Then that brahmin … spread it about, saying: “How can the nuns despoil our cornfield?”[1] Nuns heard that brahmin who … spread it about. Those who were modest nuns … spread it about, saying: “How can nuns throw out excrement … and the remains of food on to the crops?”[2]

“Is it true, as is said, monks, that nuns threw out … on to the crops?”

“It is true, lord.”

The enlightened one, the lord, rebuked them, saying:

“How, monks, can nuns throw out … on to the crops? It is not, monks, for pleasing those who are not (yet) pleased … this rule of training:

Whatever nun should throw out or should cause (another) to throw out excrement or urine or rubbish or the remains of food on to the crops, there is an offence of expiation.”[3]


Bi-Pc.9.2.1 Whatever means: … nun is to be understood in this case.

Excrement means: see Bi-Pc.8.2.1 … or impure water. Vin.4.267

Crops means: grain and pulses[4] planted as food for the use of human beings.

BD.3.260 Should throw out means: if she herself throws out, there is an offence of expiation.

Should cause (another) to throw out means: see Bi-Pc.8.2.1 … offence of expiation.


Bi-Pc.9.2.2 If she thinks that they are crops when they are crops (and) throws out or causes (another) to throw out, there is an offence of expiation. If she is in doubt as to whether they are crops … If she thinks that they are not crops when they are crops … offence of expiation. If she thinks that they are crops when they are not crops, there is an offence of wrong-doing. If she is in doubt as to whether they are not crops, there is an offence of wrong-doing. If she thinks that they are not crops when they are not crops, there is no offence.


Bi-Pc.9.2.3 There is no offence if she throws out having looked round; if she throws out on to the edges of a field; if she throws out having asked the owner (for permission) and having obtained the permission[5]; if she is mad, if she is the first wrong-doer.

Footnotes and references:

2.

harita. Cf. Vin.4.48.

3.

Cf. Bu-Sk.74.

4.

aparaṇṇa. Cf. BD.3.256, above. This definition of “crops” = Vin.4.48.

5.

āpucchitvā apalokelvā. Cf. above, BD.3.184.