by T. W. Rhys Davids | 1881 | 137,074 words
The Cullavagga (part of the Vinaya collection) includes accounts of the First and Second Buddhist Councils as well as the establishment of the community of Buddhist nuns. The Cullavagga also elaborates on the etiquette and duties of Bhikkhus....
1. The single Bhikkhu who speaks not in accordance with the right, the many who speak not in accordance with the right, the Saṃgha which speaks not in accordance with the right. The single Bhikkhu who speaks in accordance with the right, the many who speak in accordance with the right, the Saṃgha which speaks in accordance with the right
Now (it may happen that) the one Bhikkhu who speaks not in accordance with the right may point out (the right course) to a single Bhikkhu who speaks in accordance with the right, or gives him to understand what it is, or urges him to see or consider the matter in that light, or teaches him, or instructs him, saying, 'This is the Dhamma, this the Vinaya, this the teaching of the Master. Accept this, and approve this.' If the dispute should be thus settled, it is settled contrary to the Dhamma, and with a mere counterfeit of the Vinaya rule of procedure (that cases of dispute must be settled before a duly constituted meeting of the Saṃgha, and in the presence of the accused person).
[And in like manner, if he instruct the many, or the Saṃgha, who speak according to the right;—or if the many or the Saṃgha who speak not according to the right instruct the one, or the many, or the Saṃgha who speak according to the right;-then the dispute is settled contrary to the Dhamma (&c., as before).]
End of the nine cases in which the wrong side decides.
Footnotes and references:
This short enumeration of the different categories occurring in the subsequent paragraphs is quite in the style of the Abhidhamma texts, in which such lists are accustomed to be called mātikā; compare the expression mātikā-dharo as applied to a learned Bhikkhu in the stock phrase at Mahāvagga X, 2, 1; Cullavagga I, 11; IV, 14, 25, &c.
The Samanta Pāsādikā here says: nijjhāpetīti yathā so taṃ atthaṃ nijjhāyati oloketi evaṃ karoti.
Pekkheti anupekkhetīti yathā so taṃ atthaṃ pekkhati c’ eva punappunañ ca pekkhati evaṃ karoti. (Samanta Pāsādikā.)
Sammukhā-vinaya-paṭirūpakena. The rule of procedure, called Sammukhā-vinaya, hereafter rendered 'Proceeding in Presence,' is one of the seven modes of settling disputes already. referred to in the closing chapter of the Pātimokkha ('Vinaya Texts,' vol. 1, p. 68), and is more fully described below in Cullavagga IV, 14, 16, and following sections.