by T. W. Rhys Davids | 1881 | 137,074 words
The Cullavagga (part of the Vinaya collection) includes accounts of the First and Second Buddhist Councils as well as the establishment of the community of Buddhist nuns. The Cullavagga also elaborates on the etiquette and duties of Bhikkhus....
1. [The same nine cases of the throwing back is carried by unlawful proceeding, though the Mānatta and the rehabilitation are by a lawful proceeding.]
2. 'And in case, O Bhikkhus, a Bhikkhu is guilty of a number of Saṃghādisesa offences—definite, and not definite—of one designation, and of various designations—similar to each other, and dissimilar—connected with each other, and disconnected. He asks the Saṃgha for an inclusive probation on account of those offences. The Saṃgha imposes upon him an additional probation on account of those offences. He undergoing that probation is guilty meanwhile of a number of Saṃghādisesa offences, definite ones, which he does conceal. He asks the Saṃgha to throw him back on account of those intervening offences to the commencement of his term of probation. The Saṃgha [does so] by an unlawful proceeding that is liable to be quashed, and unfit for the occasion; and it also imposes an inclusive probation upon him, but by an unlawful proceeding. He thinking, "I am undergoing that probation," is guilty meanwhile of a number of Saṃghādisesa offences, definite ones, which he does conceal. When he has arrived at this condition he calls to mind the other offences committed while the first offences were being committed, and he calls to mind also the other offences committed while the latter offences were being committed.
Then it occurs to him, "I have been guilty of a number of Saṃghādisesa offences (&c., as in the whole of the section from the beginning to the end of the last paragraph, down to) and I called to mind also the. other offences committed while the latter offences were being committed. Let me now ask the Saṃgha to throw me back on account of those offences committed while the former offences, and while the latter offences, were being committed, to the commencement of my term of probation, by a lawful proceeding that cannot be quashed, and is fit for the occasion; and let me ask for an inclusive probation to be imposed by a lawful proceeding, and for a Mānatta to be imposed by a lawful proceeding, and then for rehabilitation by a lawful proceeding."
'And he asks the Saṃgha [accordingly], and the Saṃgha [does so]. That Bhikkhu, O Bhikkhus, is purified from those offences.'
[The same if some of the offences in each case have been concealed and some not concealed.]
3, 4. [The Bhikkhu is not purified from such intervening and remembered offences as are specified in the last section, if the Saṃgha has proceeded, as in the first section of this chapter, by an unlawful proceeding.]
Here ends the Third Khandhaka, on the Accumulation of Offences.
Footnotes and references:
These offences must be understood to be offences committed while under probation, and concealed. See the note on chap. 35, § 1.