by T. W. Rhys Davids | 1881 | 137,074 words
The Cullavagga (part of the Vinaya collection) includes accounts of the First and Second Buddhist Councils as well as the establishment of the community of Buddhist nuns. The Cullavagga also elaborates on the etiquette and duties of Bhikkhus....
1. Whilst he was undergoing that probation he committed an offence—the first Saṃghādisesa—which for five days he concealed.
He told, &c. . . . 'I committed, &c. . . . I asked, &c. . . . The Saṃgha imposed a probation of half a month, &c. . . . Whilst I was undergoing, &c. . . What now shall I do?'
They told, &c.
'Let then the Saṃgha, O Bhikkhus, for that whilst (&c., as in the first paragraph) throw Udāyi the Bhikkhu back to the beginning of his probationary term, and impose upon him an inclusive probation (to include his new offence together) with the former offence.
'Now thus, O Bhikkhus, [here follow two kammavācās, one for the throwing back, and one for the additional probation, each of them as in chapter 1.]'
Footnotes and references:
Samodhāna-parivāsa. It is clear from the next chapter that this probation did not affect the Mānatta to which he was liable for that first offence. The Mānatta always lasted six days, and was preceded by a probation equal in length to the time during which the offence had been concealed. If now, during that probation, another offence was committed and concealed, the penalties for this new offence and for the old one were not accumulative but concurrent. The offender lost the advantage of the probation he had already undergone, he was thrown back to the commencement of his term of probation, and had to begin again. But the new term of probation--equal in length to whichever was the longest of the two periods during which he had concealed the two offences--satisfied both the concealments, and the Mānatta which still, as it would have done before, followed at the end of the probation, satisfied both the offences. See our note below on chapter 20.