by T. W. Rhys Davids | 1881 | 137,074 words
The Cullavagga (part of the Vinaya collection) includes accounts of the First and Second Buddhist Councils as well as the establishment of the community of Buddhist nuns. The Cullavagga also elaborates on the etiquette and duties of Bhikkhus....
1. Now the venerable Upāli went up to the place where the Blessed One was; and on arriving there, he saluted the Blessed One, and took his seat on one side. And when he was so seated the venerable Upāli said to the Blessed One: 'Now in what case, Lord, can there be an interruption of the probationary period of a Bhikkhu who has been placed on probation?'
There are three ways of interruption of the probationary period, O Upāli, of a Bhikkhu who has been placed on probation; (that is to say), by dwelling together, by dwelling alone, and by not announcing.
'These are the three ways of interruption to the probationary period, O Upāli, of a Bhikkhu who has been placed under probation.'
Footnotes and references:
Literally, 'breaking of the nights.' The time of probation was reckoned, not by days, but by nights; and in either of the three cases which follow the reckoning was interrupted, and had to begin afresh.
Buddhaghosa explains this to mean when the probationer has done any of the things forbidden in II, 1, 4.
That is, when the probationer has done any of the things forbidden in II, 1, 3.
That is, when the probationer has omitted to make any of the announcements prescribed at the end of II, 1, 2.