by T. W. Rhys Davids | 1881 | 137,074 words
The Cullavagga (part of the Vinaya collection) includes accounts of the First and Second Buddhist Councils as well as the establishment of the community of Buddhist nuns. The Cullavagga also elaborates on the etiquette and duties of Bhikkhus....
1. So the Saṃgha carried out against Ariṭṭha the Bhikkhu, who had formerly been a vulture tormentor, the Ukkhepaniya-kamma for not renouncing a sinful doctrine, to the intent that he should not eat nor dwell with the Saṃgha. And when he had been thus subjected by the Saṃgha to the Ukkhepaniya-kamma for not renouncing a sinful doctrine, he left the Order.
Those Bhikkhus who were moderate were annoyed, murmured, and became indignant, saying, 'How can Ariṭṭha the Bhikkhu, having been subjected by the Saṃgha to the Ukkhepaniya-kamma for not renouncing a sinful doctrine, leave the Order?' And those Bhikkhus told the matter to the Blessed One.
Then the Blessed One on that occasion, and in that connection, convened a meeting of the Bhikkhu-saṃgha, and asked the Bhikkhus, 'Is it true, O Bhikkhus, as they say, that Ariṭṭha the Bhikkhu, having been subjected (&c., as before, down to) left the Order?'
'It is true, Lord.'
The Blessed Buddha rebuked him, saying, 'How can Ariṭṭha the Bhikkhu (&c., as before, down to) leave the Order? This will not conduce either to the conversion of the unconverted, nor to the increase of the converted; but rather to those who have not been converted not being converted, and to the turning back of those who have been converted.'
And when he had rebuked him, and delivered a religious discourse, the Blessed One addressed the Bhikkhus, and said: 'Let then the Saṃgha, O Bhikkhus, revoke the Ukkhepaniya-kamma for not renouncing a sinful doctrine, which has been carried out against Ariṭṭha the Bhikkhu.
'There are five things, O Bhikkhus, [&c., as before, in chapters 6 and 7, down to the end.]'
Here end the eighteen cases in which a revocation of the Ukkhepaniya-kamma on not renouncing a sinful doctrine should be carried out.