Vinaya (3): The Cullavagga

by T. W. Rhys Davids | 1881 | 137,074 words

The Cullavagga (part of the Vinaya collection) includes accounts of the First and Second Buddhist Councils as well as the establishment of the community of Buddhist nuns. The Cullavagga also elaborates on the etiquette and duties of Bhikkhus....

Cullavagga, Khandaka 1, Chapter 4

1. 'There are three things, O Bhikkhus, which, when they characterise a Bhikkhu, the Saṃgha, if it likes, should carry out the Tajjaniya-kamma against him; (that is to say), when he is a maker of strife, quarrelsome, a maker of disputes, given to idle talk, and a raiser of legal questions in the Saṃgha[1]—when he is dull, stupid, full of faults, and devoid of merit—when he is living in lay society, in unlawful association with the world. There are three things, O Bhikkhus, which, when the Saṃgha suspects (&c., as before, down to) against him.

There are other three things, O Bhikkhus, (&c., as before, down to) against him; (that is to say), when he has failed in morality as regards moral things—when he has failed in conduct as regards transgression—when he has failed in opinion as regards the principal matters of opinion[2]. There are three things, O Bhikkhus, (&c., as before, down to) against him.

There are other three things, O Bhikkhus, (&c., as before, down to) against him; (that is to say), when he speaks in dispraise of the Buddha—when he speaks in dispraise of the Dhamma—when he speaks in dispraise of the Saṃgha. These are three things, O Bhikkhus, (&c., as before, down to) against him.

2. 'There are three kinds of Bhikkhus, O Bhikkhus, against whom, if the Saṃgha likes, it should carry out the Tajjaniya-kamma; (that is to say), one who is a maker of strife (&c., as in § 1, down to) a raiser of legal questions in the Saṃgha—one who is dull, stupid, full of faults, and devoid of merit—and one who is living in lay society, in unlawful association with the world. These are three kinds of Bhikkhus, O Bhikkhus, (&c., as before, down to) the Tajjaniya-kamma.

'There are other three kinds of Bhikkhus, O Bhikkhus, against whom, if the Saṃgha likes, it should carry out the Tajjaniya-kamma; (that is to say), one who has failed in morality in regard to moral matters—one who has failed in conduct as regards transgression—one who has failed in opinion as regards the principal matters of opinion. These are three kinds of Bhikkhus, O Bhikkhus (&c., as before, down to) the Tajjaniya-kamma.

'There are other three kinds of Bhikkhus, O Bhikkhus, against whom, if the Saṃgha likes, it should carry out the Tajjaniya-kamma; (that is to say), one who speaks in dispraise of the Buddha—one who speaks in dispraise of the Dhamma—one who speaks in dispraise of the Saṃgha. These are three kinds of Bhikkhus, O Bhikkhus (&c., as before, down to) the Tajjaniya-kamma.'

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Here end the six permissive cases of Tajjaniya-kamma.

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

This refers to the Introductory Story, I, 1, 1.

[2]:

Compare Mahāvagga I, 36, 8, and our note there.

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