Vinaya (2): The Mahavagga

by T. W. Rhys Davids | 1881 | 156,382 words

The Mahavagga (part of the Vinaya collection) includes accounts of Gautama Buddha’s and the ten principal disciples’ awakenings, as well as rules for ordination, rules for reciting the Patimokkha during uposatha days, and various monastic procedures....

Mahavagga, Khandaka 4, Chapter 3

1. Now the Bhikkhus thought: 'How many Pavāraṇā (days) are there?'

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“There are the two following Pavāraṇā (days), O Bhikkhus: the fourteenth and the fifteenth (of the half month)[1]; these are the two Pavāraṇā (days), O Bhikkhus.”

2. Now the Bhikkhus thought: 'How many Pavāraṇā services are there?'

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“There are the four followingPavāraṇā services. O Bhikkhus, &c.[2]

3. Then the Blessed One thus addressed the Bhikkhus: 'Assemble, O Bhikkhus, the Saṃgha will hold Pavāraṇā.' When he had spoken thus, a certain Bhikkhu said to the Blessed One: 'There is a sick Bhikkhu, Lord, who is not present.'

'I prescribe, O Bhikkhus, that a sick Bhikkhu shall declare (lit. give) his Pavāraṇā. And let him declare it, O Bhikkhus, in this way: Let that sick Bhikkhu go to some Bhikkhu, adjust his upper robe so as to cover one shoulder, sit down squatting, raise his joined hands, and say: "I declare my Pavāraṇā, take my Pavāraṇā, perform the Pavāraṇā for me." If he expresses this by gesture, or by word, or by gesture and word, the Pavāraṇā has been declared. If he does not express this by gesture, &c., the Pavāraṇā has not been declared.

4-5. 'If (the sick Bhikkhu) succeeds in doing so, well and good. If he do es not succeed, let them take that sick Bhikkhu, O Bhikkhus, on his bed or his chair to the assembly, &c.[3]

“I prescribe, O Bhikkhus. that on the day of Pavāraṇā he who declares his Pavāraṇā, is to declare also his consent[4] (to acts to be performed eventually by the Order), for (both declarations) are required for the Saṃgha (and for the validity of its acts)[5].”

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

Comp. II, 14, 1, and the note on II, 34, 1.

[2]:

This passage is exactly identical with II, 14. 2. 3, replacing 'Uposatha service' by 'Pavāraṇā service.'

[3]:

This passage is a repetition of II, 22, 2-4, the words, 'Hold Uposatha,' 'Declare the Pārisuddhi,' &c., being replaced respectively by 'Hold Pavāraṇā,' 'Declare the Pavāraṇā,' &c.

[4]:

See II, 23.

[5]:

Comp. the finishing clause of II, 23.

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