Vinaya (2): The Mahavagga

by T. W. Rhys Davids | 1881 | 156,382 words

The Mahavagga (part of the Vinaya collection) includes accounts of Gautama Buddha’s and the ten principal disciples’ awakenings, as well as rules for ordination, rules for reciting the Patimokkha during uposatha days, and various monastic procedures....

1. At that tlme the Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus reproved for an offence a Bhikkhu who had not given them leave.

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

1. No Bhikkhu, O Bhikkhus, who has not given leave, may be reproved for an offence. He who reproves (such a Bhikkhu), commits a dukkaṭa offence. I prescribe, O Bhikkhus, that you reprove (Bhikkhus) for an offence (only) after having asked for leave (by saying), "Give me leave, reverend brother; I wish to speak to you."'

2. At that time clever Bhikkhus reproved the Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus for an offence after having asked for leave. The Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus conceived anger (towards those Bhikkhus), conceived discontent, and threatened them with blows.

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“I prescribe, O Bhikkhus, that you are (not) to reprove (a Bhikkhu) for an offence, even if he has given leave, (without) having weighed (with your mind) the person (concerned).”

3. At that time the Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus, who thought: 'Otherwise clever Bhikkhus might ask us for leave (and reprove us tor an offence),' themselves asked beforehand pure Bhikkhus who had committed no offence, for leave without object and reason.

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“Let no pure Bhikkhus, O Bhikkhus, who have committed no offence, be asked for leave without object and reason. He who does, commits a dukkaṭa offence. I prescribe, O Bhikkhus, that you are (not) to ask for leave (without) having weighed (with your mind) the person (concerned).”

4. At that time the Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus performed an unlawful official act before the Saṃgha.

They told this thing to the Blcssed One.

“Let no one, O Bhikkhus, perform unlawful acts before the Saṃgha. He who does, commits a dukkaṭa offence.”

They performed an unlawful act nevertheless.

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“I prescribe, O Bhikkhus, that you should protest, if an unlawful act is being performed.”

5. At that time clever Bhikkhus protested at an unlawful act being performed by the Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus. The Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus conceived anger, conceived discontent, and threatened (those Bhikkhus) with blows.

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“I allow you, O Bhikkhus, to express your opinion only (instead of protesting formally).”

They expressed their opinion in the presence of the said (Bhikkhus). The Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus conceived anger, conceived discontent, and threatened (them) with blows.

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“I prescribe, O Bhikkhus, that four or five persons may protest, that two or three may express their opinion, and that one person may determine (in his mind): "I do not think this right."”

6. At that time the Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus, when reciting the Pātimokkha before the Saṃgha, intentionally recited it so that it could hot be heard.

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“Let not him who is to recite the Pātimokkha, O Bhikkhus, intentionally recite it so that it cannot be heard. He who does, commits a dukkaṭa offence.”

7. At that time the reverend Udāyi, who had a crow's voice, had the duty to recite the Pātimokkha before the Saṃgha. Now the reverend Udāyi thought: 'It has been prescribed by the 'Blessed One that he who is to recite the Pātimokkha, ought to recite it so that it may be heard; but I have a crow's voice. Well, how am I to act?'

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“I prescribe, O Bhikkhus, that he who is to recite the Pātimokkha may endeavour to make it audible. If he endeavours (to do so), he is free from offence.”

8. At that time Devadatta recited the Pātimokkha before an assembly in which laymen were present.

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“Let no one, O Bhikkhus, recite the Pātimokkha before an assembly in which laymen are present. He who does, commits a dukkaṭa offence.”

9. At that time the Chabbaggiya Bhikkhus recited the Pātimokkha before the Saṃgha without being called upon (by the Thera).

They told this thing to the Blessed One.

“Let no one, O Bhikkhus, recite the Pātimokkha before the Saṃgha without being called upon. He who does, commits a dukkaṭa offence. I prescribe, O Bhikkhus, that the Thera is master of the Pātimokkha[1].”

End of the Bhāṇavāra of the Aññatitthiyas[2].

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

I.e. of reciting the Pātimokkha himself or causing another Bhikkhu to do so.

[2]:

I.e. Samaṇas belonging to other schools. See chap. 1.

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