Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यदा त्व् इमे तु प्रभवन्ति धर्मा आतापिनो ध्यायतो ब्राह्मणस्य ।
अथास्य काङ्क्षा व्यपयान्ति सर्वा यदा क्षयं ह्य् आस्रवाणाम् उपैति ॥ ८० ॥

yadā tv ime tu prabhavanti dharmā ātāpino dhyāyato brāhmaṇasya |
athāsya kāṅkṣā vyapayānti sarvā yadā kṣayaṃ hy āsravāṇām upaiti || 80 ||

The English translation of Verse 33.80 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (33.80). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Iyam, Idam, Prabhavanti, Prabhavat, Dharma, Atapin, Dhyayat, Brahmana, Atha, Kanksha, Anti, Saru, Sarva, Kshaya, Asrava, Upa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 33.80). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadā tv ime tu prabhavanti dharmā ātāpino dhyāyato brāhmaṇasya
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Cannot analyse tv*im
  • ime -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • prabhavanti -
  • prabhavantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    prabhavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dharmā* -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ātāpino* -
  • ātāpin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ātāpin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • dhyāyato* -
  • dhyāyat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dhyāyat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dhyā (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • brāhmaṇasya -
  • brāhmaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    brāhmaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “athāsya kāṅkṣā vyapayānti sarvā yadā kṣayaṃ hy āsravāṇām upaiti
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • kāṅkṣā* -
  • kāṅkṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kāṅkṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • vyapayā -
  • vyap (verb class 10)
    [imperative active second single]
  • anti -
  • anti (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    anti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    antī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • sarvā* -
  • saru (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • kṣayam -
  • kṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse hy*ās
  • āsravāṇām -
  • āsrava (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • upai -
  • upā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    upā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • eti -
  • eti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
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