Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

मातरं पितरं हत्वा राजानं द्वौ च श्रोत्रियौ ।
व्याघ्रं च पञ्चमं हत्वा शुद्ध इत्य् उच्यते नरः ॥ ६२ ॥

mātaraṃ pitaraṃ hatvā rājānaṃ dvau ca śrotriyau |
vyāghraṃ ca pañcamaṃ hatvā śuddha ity ucyate naraḥ || 62 ||

The English translation of Verse 33.62 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (33.62). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Matri, Matara, Pitri, Rajan, Rajana, Dva, Shrotriya, Vyaghra, Pancamam, Pancama, Ucyat, Nara, Nri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 33.62). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mātaraṃ pitaraṃ hatvā rājānaṃ dvau ca śrotriyau
  • mātaram -
  • mātara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mātara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mātṛ (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • pitaram -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • hatvā -
  • han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
    han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
  • rājānam -
  • rājāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • dvau -
  • dva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śrotriyau -
  • śrotriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “vyāghraṃ ca pañcamaṃ hatvā śuddha ity ucyate naraḥ
  • vyāghram -
  • vyāghra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vyāghrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pañcamam -
  • pañcamam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pañcama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pañcama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hatvā -
  • han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
    han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
  • śuddha* -
  • Cannot analyse ity*uc
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
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