Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यो नीवरणां प्रहाय पञ्च त्व् अनिघश् छिन्नकथं कथो विशल्यः ।
स तु भिक्षुर् इदं जहात्य् अपारं ह्य् उरगो जीर्णम् इव त्वचं पुराणम् ॥ ७६ ॥

yo nīvaraṇāṃ prahāya pañca tv anighaś chinnakathaṃ katho viśalyaḥ |
sa tu bhikṣur idaṃ jahāty apāraṃ hy urago jīrṇam iva tvacaṃ purāṇam || 76 ||

The English translation of Verse 32.76 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (32.76). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Nivarana, Prahaya, Panca, Pancan, Anigha, Chinnaka, Tha, Katha, Vishalya, Bhikshu, Idam, Apara, Uraga, Jirna, Iva, Tvac, Tvaca, Purana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 32.76). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo nīvaraṇāṃ prahāya pañca tv anighaś chinnakathaṃ katho viśalyaḥ
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nīvaraṇā -
  • nīvaraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • prahāya -
  • prahāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prahāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pañca -
  • pañca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pañca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pañcan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    pañcan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pañc (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Cannot analyse tv*an
  • anighaś -
  • anigha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • chinnaka -
  • chinnaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    chinnaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tham -
  • tha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • katho* -
  • katha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • viśalyaḥ -
  • viśalya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “sa tu bhikṣur idaṃ jahāty apāraṃ hy urago jīrṇam iva tvacaṃ purāṇam
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhikṣur -
  • bhikṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse jahāty*ap
  • apāram -
  • apāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    apāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    apārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse hy*ur
  • urago* -
  • uraga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jīrṇam -
  • jīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jṝ -> jīrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jṝ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 4 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 9 verb]
    jṝ -> jīrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jṝ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √jṝ class 4 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 4 verb], [nominative single from √jṝ class 9 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 9 verb]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tvacam -
  • tvaca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tvacā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tvac (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • purāṇam -
  • purāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    purāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
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