Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

विक्षीणभव तृष्णस्य वस्तुच् छिन्नस्य भिक्षुणः ।
विक्षीणो जाति संसारो मुक्तोऽसौ मारबन्धनात् ॥ ४४ ॥

vikṣīṇabhava tṛṣṇasya vastuc chinnasya bhikṣuṇaḥ |
vikṣīṇo jāti saṃsāro mukto'sau mārabandhanāt || 44 ||

The English translation of Verse 32.44 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (32.44). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vikshina, Bhava, Yushmad, Tud, Chinna, Bhikshu, Jati, Samsara, Mukta, Asi, Asu, Adah, Mara, Bandhana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 32.44). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vikṣīṇabhava tṛṣṇasya vastuc chinnasya bhikṣuṇaḥ
  • vikṣīṇa -
  • vikṣīṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vikṣīṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhava -
  • bhava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Cannot analyse tṛṣṇasya*va
  • vas -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • tuc -
  • tud (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    tud (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • chinnasya -
  • chinna (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    chinna (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • bhikṣuṇaḥ -
  • bhikṣu (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “vikṣīṇo jāti saṃsāro mukto'sau mārabandhanāt
  • vikṣīṇo* -
  • vikṣīṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jāti -
  • jāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jātī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • saṃsāro* -
  • saṃsāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mukto' -
  • mukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • asau -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    asu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • māra -
  • māra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    māra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bandhanāt -
  • bandhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bandhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
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