Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यच् च कामसुखं लोके यच् चापि दिविजं सुखम् ।
तृष्णाक्षयसुखस्यैतत् कलां नार्घति षोडशीम् ॥ ३१ ॥

yac ca kāmasukhaṃ loke yac cāpi divijaṃ sukham |
tṛṣṇākṣayasukhasyaitat kalāṃ nārghati ṣoḍaśīm || 31 ||

The English translation of Verse 30.31 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (30.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yat, Yad, Kamasukha, Loka, Capin, Divija, Sukham, Sukha, Trishnakshaya, Etad, Kala, Nri, Shodashi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 30.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yac ca kāmasukhaṃ loke yac cāpi divijaṃ sukham
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāmasukham -
  • kāmasukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāmasukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • divijam -
  • divija (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    divija (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    divijā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “tṛṣṇākṣayasukhasyaitat kalāṃ nārghati ṣoḍaśīm
  • tṛṣṇākṣaya -
  • tṛṣṇākṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sukhasyai -
  • sukha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • etat -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kalām -
  • kalā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • arghati -
  • argh (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • ṣoḍaśīm -
  • ṣoḍaśī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
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