Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

सुकराणि ह्य् असाधूनि स्वात्मनो ह्य् अहितानि च ।
यद् वै हितं च पथ्यं च तद् वै परमदुष्करम् ॥ १६ ॥

sukarāṇi hy asādhūni svātmano hy ahitāni ca |
yad vai hitaṃ ca pathyaṃ ca tad vai paramaduṣkaram || 16 ||

The English translation of Verse 28.16 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (28.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sukara, Asadhu, Ahita, Yat, Yad, Hita, Pathya, Pathi, Tad, Tat, Parama, Dushkara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 28.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sukarāṇi hy asādhūni svātmano hy ahitāni ca
  • sukarāṇi -
  • sukara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Cannot analyse hy*as
  • asādhūni -
  • asādhu (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • svātmano* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*ah
  • ahitāni -
  • ahita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “yad vai hitaṃ ca pathyaṃ ca tad vai paramaduṣkaram
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • hitam -
  • hita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    hitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    hi -> hita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> hita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √hi class 5 verb], [accusative single from √hi class 5 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pathyam -
  • pathya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pathya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pathyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    pathī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • parama -
  • parama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    parama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • duṣkaram -
  • duṣkara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duṣkara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duṣkarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
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