Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

सुपश्यं परवद्यं स्याद् आत्मवद्यं तु दुर्दृशम् ।
परः परस्य वद्यानि तु उत्पुनाति बुसं यथा ॥ १ ॥

supaśyaṃ paravadyaṃ syād ātmavadyaṃ tu durdṛśam |
paraḥ parasya vadyāni tu utpunāti busaṃ yathā || 1 ||

The English translation of Verse 27.1 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (27.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pashya, Paravat, Yah, Syat, Sya, Atmavat, Durdrish, Durdrisha, Parah, Para, Vadya, Busa, Yatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 27.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “supaśyaṃ paravadyaṃ syād ātmavadyaṃ tu durdṛśam
  • su -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • paśyam -
  • paśya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    paśya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    paśyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    paś -> paśya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √paś class 10 verb]
    paś -> paśya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √paś class 10 verb], [accusative single from √paś class 10 verb]
  • paravad -
  • paravat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    paravat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    paravat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yam -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • syād -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • ātmavad -
  • ātmavat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    ātmavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yam -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • durdṛśam -
  • durdṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    durdṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    durdṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    durdṛś (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “paraḥ parasya vadyāni tu utpunāti busaṃ yathā
  • paraḥ -
  • paraḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • parasya -
  • para (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    para (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • vadyāni -
  • vadya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vad -> vadya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √vad class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vad class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vad class 1 verb]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • Cannot analyse utpunāti*bu
  • busam -
  • busa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    busā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
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